M-Wakili

Oathsand Statutory Declarations Act Cap 15 - as Plain Text by MWakili

LAWS OF KENYA OATHS AND STATUTORY DECLARATIONS ACT CHAPTER 15 Revised Edition 2012 [2003] Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General www.kenyalaw.org [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations CHAPTER 15 OATHS AND STATUTORY DECLARATIONS ACT ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I PRELIMINARY Section 1.

Short title.

PART II COMMISSIONERS FOR OATHS 2.

Appointment of commissioners for oaths.

3.

Commissioner for oaths to sign roll.

4.

Powers of commissioner for oaths.

5.

Particulars to be stated in jurat or attestation clause.

6.

Rules of court under Part.

7.

Penalty for unlawfully acting as commissioner for oaths.

PART III STATUTORY DECLARATIONS 8.

Power to take declarations.

9.

Fees payable on declarations.

10.

Mode of referring to declaration.

11.

Penalty for false declaration.

PART IV POWERS OF MAGISTRATES AND CERTAIN COURT OFFICERS 12.

Powers of magistrates and certain court officers to administer oaths.

PART V OATHS BY AFRICANS 13.

Oaths by Africans.

PART VI OATHS AND AFFIRMATIONS 14.

Authority to administer oaths and affirmations.

15.

When affirmation may be made instead of oath.

16.

Form of affirmation.

17.

Persons by whom oaths and affirmations to be made.

18.

Forms of oath.

19.

Evidence of children of tender years.

20.

Power of court to tender certain oaths.

21.

Validity of oath not affected by absence of religious belief.

SCHEDULE 3 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations CHAPTER 15 OATHS AND STATUTORY DECLARATIONS ACT [Date of commencement: 22nd March 1919 Parts I and II, 30th November, 1926 Part III, 10th July, 1931 Part IV 27th March, 1906 Part V, 18th October, 1954 Part VI.] An Act of Parliament to provide for the appointment of commissioners for oaths, and to make provision in regard to the administering of oaths and the taking of statutory declarations [Cap.

20 of 1948.

Act No.

42 of 1954, Act No.

20 of 1956, Act No.

27 of 1961, Act No.

46 of 1963, Act No.

10 of 1983.] PART I PRELIMINARY 1.

Short title This Act may be cited as the Oaths and Statutory Declarations Act.

PART II COMMISSIONERS FOR OATHS 2.

Appointment of commissioners for oaths (1) The Chief Justice may, by commission signed by him, appoint persons being practising advocates to be commissioners for oaths, and may revoke any such appointment.

(2) Each commission by which any commissioner for oaths is appointed shall bear a stamp of the value of thirty shillings, to be paid for by the commissioner for oaths therein named; but no other charge or fee shall be made or be payable in respect of the appointment or in respect of anything required to be done to perfect it.

(3) After the commission has been signed and stamped the appointment of the person therein named as a commissioner for oaths shall be forthwith published in the Gazette.

3.

Commissioner for oaths to sign roll Every advocate appointed a commissioner for oaths shall, on appointment, sign a roll, which shall be kept by the Registrar of the High Court.

4.

Powers of commissioner for oaths (1) A commissioner for oaths may, by virtue of his commission, in any part of Kenya, administer any oath or take any affidavit for the purpose of any court or matter in Kenya, including matters ecclesiastical and matters relating to the registration of any instrument, whether under an Act or otherwise, and take any bail or recogniZance in or for the purpose of any civil proceeding in the High Court or any subordinate court: Provided that a commissioner for oaths shall not exercise any of the powers given by this section in any proceeding or matter in which he is the advocate for any of the parties to the proceeding or concerned in the matter, or clerk to any such advocate, or in which he is interested.

5 [Issue 1] CAP.

15 [Rev.

2012] Oaths and Statutory Declarations (2) A commissioner for oaths shall, in the exercise of any of the powers mentioned in subsection (1), be entitled to charge and be paid such fees as may be authorized by any rules of court for the time being.

5.

Particulars to be stated in jurat or attestation clause Every commissioner for oaths before whom any oath or affidavit is taken or made under this Act shall state truly in the jurat or attestation at what place and on what date the oath or affidavit is taken or made.

6.

Rules of court under Part The Chief Justice may make rules of court for the better carrying into effect of this Part and for fixing the amount of the fees payable to commissioners for oaths.

7.

Penalty for unlawfully acting as commissioner for oaths Any person who holds himself out as a commissioner for oaths or receives any fee or reward as a commissioner for oaths shall, unless he has been appointed as such under this Act, be guilty of an offence and, in addition to any other penalty or punishment to which he may be liable by any law in force, be liable to a fine not exceeding six hundred shillings, and for a second offence, in addition to any other penalty or punishment, shall be liable to a fine of two thousand shillings or imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

PART III STATUTORY DECLARATIONS 8.

Power to take declarations A magistrate or commissioner for oaths may take the declaration of any person voluntarily making and subscribing it before him in the form in the Schedule.

[Act No.

10 of 1983, Sch.] 9.

Fees payable on declarations Whenever any declaration is made and subscribed by any person under this Act, the same fees or fee shall be payable as would have been payable on the taking or making of any legal oath, solemn affirmation or affidavit.

10.

Mode of referring to declaration A declaration made under this Act may be referred to in any Act or other legal document as a statutory declaration.

11.

Penalty for false declaration If any person knowingly and wilfully makes any statement which is false in a material particular in a statutory declaration he shall be guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine not exceeding two thousand shillings, or to both such imprisonment and fine.

[Issue 1] 6 [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations PART IV POWERS OF MAGISTRATES AND CERTAIN COURT OFFICERS 12.

Powers of magistrates and certain court officers to administer oaths A magistrate, the Registrar of the High Court, a deputy registrar and a district registrar may administer any oath or affirmation or take any affidavit or statutory declaration (voluntarily made and subscribed in accordance with the provisions of Part III) which might lawfully be administered or taken by a commissioner for oaths appointed under Part II.

[Act No.

20 of 1956, s.

2.] PART V OATHS BY AFRICANS 13.

Oaths by Africans Any African, not being a Christian or a Mohammedan, required by law to take an oath shall take the oath in the form common among and held binding by the members of the tribe to which such African belongs, and when such African belongs to a tribe the members of which hold no form of oath binding upon them he shall be required to make solemn affirmation in the form now in use.

PART VI OATHS AND AFFIRMATIONS 14.

Authority to administer oaths and affirmations All courts and persons having by law or consent of the parties authority to receive evidence are authorized to administer, by themselves or by an officer empowered by them in that behalf, oaths and affirmations in discharge of the duties or in exercise of the powers imposed or conferred upon them by law.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2.] 15.

When affirmation may be made instead of oath Every person upon objecting to being sworn, and stating, as the ground of such objection, either that he has no religious belief or that the taking of an oath is contrary to his religious belief, shall be permitted to make his solemn affirmation instead of taking an oath in all places and for all purposes where an oath is required by law, which affirmation shall be of the same effect as if he had taken the oath.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2.] 16.

Form of affirmation Every affirmation shall be as follows: I, A.B., do solemnly, sincerely and truly declare and affirm, and then proceed with the words of the oath prescribed by law, omitting any words of imprecation or calling to witness.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2.] 17.

Persons by whom oaths and affirmations to be made Subject to the provisions of section 19, oaths or affirmations shall be made by (a) all persons who may lawfully be examined, or give, or be required to give, evidence by or before any court or person having by law or consent of parties authority to examine such persons or to receive evidence; 7 [Issue 1] CAP.

15 [Rev.

2012] Oaths and Statutory Declarations (b) interpreters of questions put to, and evidence given by, witnesses.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2.] 18.

Forms of oath All oaths made under section 17 of this Act or section 151 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cap.

75) shall be administered according to such forms as the Chief Justice may by rules of court prescribe, and until any such forms are so prescribed such oaths shall be administered according to the forms now in use.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2, Act No.

27 of 1961, Sch.] 19.

Evidence of children of tender years (1) Where, in any proceedings before any court or person having by law or consent of parties authority to receive evidence, any child of tender years called as a witness does not, in the opinion of the court or such person, understand the nature of an oath, his evidence may be received, though not given upon oath, if, in the opinion of the court or such person, he is possessed of sufficient intelligence to justify the reception of the evidence, and understands the duty of speaking the truth; and his evidence in any proceedings against any person for any offence, though not given on oath, but otherwise taken and reduced into writing in accordance with section 233 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cap.

75), shall be deemed to be a deposition within the meaning of that section.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2, Act No.

46 of 1963, Second Sch.] (2) If any child whose evidence is received under subsection (1) wilfully gives false evidence in such circumstances that he would, if the evidence had been given on oath, have been guilty of perjury, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable to be dealt with as if he had been guilty of an offence punishable in the case of an adult with imprisonment.

20.

Power of court to tender certain oaths If any party to, or witness in, any judicial proceedings offers to give evidence on oath or affirmation in any form common amongst, or held binding by, persons of the race or persuasion to which he belongs and not repugnant to justice or decency, and not purporting to affect any third person, the court may, if it thinks fit, notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, tender such oath or affirmation to him.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2.] 21.

Validity of oath not affected by absence of religious belief Where an oath has been duly administered and taken, the fact that the person to whom it was administered had, at the time of taking the oath, no religious belief shall not for any purpose affect the validity of the oath.

[Act No.

42 of 1954, s.

2.] [Issue 1] 8 [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations SCHEDULE [Section 8.] I, A.B., do solemnly and sincerely declare as follows.

[here state the matters declared] I make this declaration conscientiously believing the same to be true and according to the Oaths and Statutory Declarations Act.

9 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations [Subsidiary] CHAPTER 15 OATHS AND STATUTORY DECLARATIONS ACT SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION List of Subsidiary Legislation Page 1.

Oaths and Statutory Declarations Rules.

13 11 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations [Subsidiary] OATHS AND STATUTORY DECLARATIONS RULES [Cap.

20 of 1948, Sub.

Leg.

L.N.

374/1956, L.N.

320/1957, L.N.

37/1974, L.N.

113/1980, L.N.

117/1983.] RULES OF COURT UNDER SECTION 61.

These Rules may be cited as the Oaths and Statutory Declarations Rules.

2.

An advocate who has practised in Kenya for not less than three years may apply to the Chief Justice to be appointed a commissioner for oaths.

3.

All applications under rule 2 shall be in writing, shall state the period during which the applicant has practised in Kenya and the date upon which his name was entered upon the Roll of Advocates, and shall be accompanied by a certificate signed by two other practising advocates and two householders to the effect that the applicant is a fit and proper person to be so appointed.

4.

Applications shall be lodged with the Registrar of the High Court, who shall notify the applicant of the decision of the Chief Justice thereon.

5.

On an advocate paying the prescribed fees and signing the Roll of Commissioners, a commission shall be issued to him in the form in the First Schedule.

6.

A commissioner for oaths shall be entitled to charge fees in accordance with those prescribed in the Second Schedule in respect of the matters therein mentioned.

7.

A commissioner for oaths before administering an oath must satisfy himself that the person named as the deponent and the person before him are the same, and that such person is outwardly in a fit state to understand what he is doing.

8.

The power to revoke a commission conferred by section 2 of the Act shall not be exercised until the commissioner whose conduct is in question has been given an opportunity of being heard against any such order of revocation.

9.

All exhibits to affidavits shall be securely sealed thereto under the seal of the commissioner, and shall be marked with serial letters of identification.

10.

The forms of jurat and of identification of exhibits shall be those set out in the Third Schedule.

FIRST SCHEDULE [Rule 5.] OATHS AND STATUTORY DECLARATIONS ACT A COMMISSION TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS MAY COME GREETING Be it known that on the.

day of ., 20.

, X.Y.Z., an Advocate of the High Court, has been appointed to be a Commissioner for Oaths under the above-mentioned Act for so long as he continues to practise as such Advocate and this Commission is not revoked.

Given under my hand and the Seal of the Court this.

day of.

13 [Issue 1] CAP.

15 [Rev.

2012] Oaths and Statutory Declarations [Subsidiary].

, 20.

[Issue 1] 14 [Rev.

2012] CAP.

15 Oaths and Statutory Declarations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULEcontinued.

Chief Justice L.S.

St.

SECOND SCHEDULE [Rule 6.] FEES KSh.

cts.

1.

For taking an affidavit or declaration.

17 50 2.

For every exhibit thereto.

6 50 3.

For attending to administer an oath or affirmation or to take a declaration elsewhere than at the office of the commissioner, in addition to the ordinary fee thereon, for every quarter-hour or part thereof.

85 00 4.

For attending to administer an oath or to take a declaration outside of the town of the commissioners practice.

Fee at the same rate and allowance as an advocate may charge for a journey from home.

[L.N.

117/1983, s.

2.] THIRD SCHEDULE [Rule 10.] FORM OF JURAT Sworn before me.

Declared this.

day of.

, 20 ., at.

.

Commissioner for Oaths FORM OF IDENTIFICATION OF EXHIBIT This is the exhibit marked.

referred to in the annexed affidavit of.

.

15 [Issue 1] CAP.

15 [Rev.

2012] Oaths and Statutory Declarations [Subsidiary] THIRD SCHEDULEcontinued Sworn before me.

Declared this.

day of.

, 20 ., at.

.

Commissioner for Oaths [Issue 1] 16.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way