M-Wakili

Legal Aid Act No 6 Of 2016 - as Plain Text by MWakili

SPECIAL ISSUE Kenya Gazette Supplement No.

56 (Acts No.

6) REPUBLIC OF KENYA KENYA GAZETTE SUPPLEMENT ACTS, 2016 NAIROBI, 26th April, 2016 CONTENT Act PAGE The Legal Aid Act, 2016 95 NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR LAW REPORTING RECEIVED 02iuN 2016 P.O.

Box 10443-00100 NAIROBI, KENYA TEL: 27 19231 FAX: 2712694 PRINTED AND PUBUSHED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER, NAIROBI 95 THE LEGAL AID ACT No.

6 of 2016 Date of Assent: 22nd April, 2016 Date of Commencement: 10th May, 2016 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section PART IPRELIMINARY 1Short title.

2Interpretation.

3Objects of Act.

4Guiding principles.

PART IITHE NATIONAL LEGAL AID SERVICE 5Establishment of the National Legal Aid Service.

6Headquarters.

7 Functions of the Service.

8 Powers of the Service.

PART IIIADMINISTRATION 9 Establishment of Board of Service 10Functions of the Board.

11 Powers of the Board.

12Tenure of office.

13Filling of vacancy.

14Vacancy not to affect proceedings.

15Procedures of the Board.

16Remuneration of members.

17Committees of the Board.

18Delegation by the Board.

19Engagement of experts and consultants.

20Coordination with other agencies.

96 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 21Protection from personal liability.

22Liability of the Board for Damages.

23Independence of the Board.

PART IVMANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF THE SERVICE 24The Director.

25Removal of Director.

26Delegation powers of Director.

27Staff of the Service.

28Common seal of the Service.

PART VTHE LEGAL AID FUND 29Establishment of Aid Fund.

30Application of the Fund.

31 Financial Year.

32Annual estimates.

33Investment of funds.

34Accounts and Audit.

PART VILEGAL AID SERVICE 35 General principles of legal aid.

36 Persons eligible for legal aid.

37Legal aid not available in certain civil matters.

38Several parties to a suit.

39Alternative dispute resolution.

PART VIIAPPLICATION FOR LEGAL AID 40Application for legal aid.

41Persons who may apply for legal aid.

42Persons in lawful custody.

43Duties of the court.

44Decision on application for legal aid.

45Notification of other parties.

46Notification of change in circumstances 97 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 47Financial information.

48 Variation of a decision to provide legal aid.

49Application for review of grant of legal aid by aided person.

50 Application for review by a legal aid provider.

51Review of decision by the Service.

52Withdrawal of legal aid.

53Consequences of withdrawal of legal aid.

54Termination of legal aid providers mandate by aided person.

55Appeal to High Court.

PART VIIIACCREDITATION OF LEGAL AID PROVIDERS 56Provision of legal aid.

57Accreditation criteria.

58 Application for accreditation.

59Accreditation of legal aid providers.

60Register of accredited legal aid providers 61Obligations relating to profession conduct.

62Unauthorized payments.

63Legal aid disbursements.

64Protection of interests of the Service.

65Records, monitoring and evaluation.

66Suspension of accreditation.

67Cancellation of accreditation.

68Legal advice and assistance by paralegals.

PART IXENFORCEMENT OF CONDITIONS OF GRANT OF LEGAL AID 69Terms of provision of funded services.

70Recovery of costs and benefits.

71Enforcement of judgment.

98 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 PART X AWARD OF COSTS IN CIVIL PROCEEDINGS 72Liability of aided person for costs.

73Costs against an aided person.

74Aided person not required to provide security for costs.

PART XIPAYMENT FOR LEGAL AID SERVICES 75Fees payable.

76Claim for payment by legal aid provider.

77Examinations and audit of claims by legal aid providers.

78Service to pay approved claims.

79Payment for services.

80Refund of excess payments.

81Waiver of right to recover debts.

PART MIMISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 82Disclosure of information.

83Annual report and other reports.

84Legal Aid Guide.

85Offences.

86Provisions on delegated powers.

87 Supercession, savings and transitional provisions.

SCHEDULEMEETINGS AND PROCEDURE OF THE BOARD 99 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 THE LEGAL AID ACT, 2016 AN ACT of Parliament to give effect to Articles 19 (2), 48, 50 (2) (g) and (h) of the Constitution to facilitate access to justice and social justice; to establish the National Legal Aid Service; to provide for legal aid, and for the funding of legal aid and for connected purposes ENACTED by the Parliament of Kenya, as follows PRELIMINARY PART I1.

Short title.

This Act may be cited as the Legal Aid Act, 2016.

Interpretation.

2.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires "accredited paralegal" means a person accredited by the service to provide paralegal services under the supervision of an advocate or an accredited legal aid provider; "advocate" has the meaning assigned thereto in the Advocates Act; "aided person" means a person who is granted legal aid under this Act and includes- (i) a person who is granted legal aid on an interim basis; and (ii) a person whose grant of legal aid has been withdrawn under section 52; "alternative dispute resolution" means settling a dispute by means other than through the court process and includes negotiation, mediation, arbitration, conciliation and the use of informal dispute resolution mechanisms; "applicant" means a person who makes an application for legal aid pursuant to this Act or on whose behalf such an application is made; "Board" means the board established under section 9; "Cabinet Secretary" means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to justice; "chairperson" means the chairperson of the Board appointed under section 9; "child" has the meaning assigned to it under article 260 of the Constitution; 100 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 "co-operation agreement" means an agreement entered into between the Service and legal aid provider to provide legal aid services; "Director" means the Director of the National Legal Aid Service appointed under section 24; "Fund" means the Legal Aid Fund established under section 29; "grant of legal aid" means a grant of legal aid under this Act and includes any amendments to that grant; "indigent person" means a person who cannot afford to pay for legal services; "justice advisory centre" means a centre established by the Service for administering and providing legal aid services in Kenya; "legal aid" includes (a) legal advice; (b) legal representation; (c) assistance in (i) resolving disputes by alternative dispute resolution; (ii) drafting of relevant documents and effecting service incidental to any legal proceedings; and (iii) reaching or giving effect to any out-of-court settlement; (d) creating awareness through the provision of legal information and law-related education; and (e) recommending law reform and undertaking advocacy work on behalf of the community; "legal aid clinic " means a law clinic accredited by the Service or offered by an accredited legal aid provider; "Legal Aid Guide" means the Guide referred to in section 85; "legal aid provider" means (a) an advocate operating under the pro bono programme of the Law Society of Kenya or any 101 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 other civil society organization or public benefit organization ; (b) a paralegal; (c) a firm of advocates; (d) a public benefit organization or faith based organization; (e) a university or other institution operating legal aid clinics; or (f) a government agency, accredited under this Act to provide legal aid.

"marginalized group" has the meaning assigned to it under Article 260 of the Constitution; "maximum grant" means the maximum amount of legal aid granted under a grant of legal aid; "paralegal" means a person employed by the Service or an accredited legal aid provider who has completed a training course in the relevant field of study in an institution approved by the Council of Legal Education; "public benefit organization" means a public benefit organization registered under Public Benefit Organizations Act; "proceeds of proceedings", in relation to civil proceedings for which legal aid has been granted, means (a) any money or property to which the aided person No.19 of 1990 is entitled under a judgment or out-of-court settlement relating to the proceeding; and (b) any costs awarded or payable to the aided person No.

18 of 2013 under a judgment or out-of-court settlement relating to the proceedings; "register of accredited legal aid providers" means the register of persons accredited by the Service under section 60 to provide legal aid services under this Act; "Service" means the National Legal Aid Service established under section 5.

3.

The object of this Act is to establish a legal and Object of Act.

institutional framework to promote access to justice by (a) providing affordable, accessible, sustainable, credible and accountable legal aid services to 102 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 indigent persons in Kenya in accordance with the Constitution; (b) providing a legal aid scheme to assist indigent persons to access legal aid; (c) promoting legal awareness; (d) supporting community legal services by funding justice advisory centers, education, and research; and (e) promoting alternative dispute resolution methods that enhance access to justice in accordance with the Constitution.

4.

In the performance of the functions and the exercise Guiding principles of the powers conferred on the Service under this Act, the Service shall be guided by (a) the national values and principles of governance set out in Article 10 of the Constitution; (b) the values and principles of the public service set out in Article 232 of the Constitution; (c) the principles of impartiality, gender equality and gender equity; (d) the principles of inclusiveness, non-discrimination and (e) protection of marginalized groups; (f) the rules of natural justice; and (g) the provisions of any treaty or convention ratified by Kenya, relating to the provision of legal aid.

PART IITHE NATIONAL LEGAL AID SERVICE 5.

(1) There is established a service to be known as the Establishment of the National Legal Aid National Legal Aid Service.

Service.

(2) The Service shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal and shall, in its corporate name be capable of (a) suing and being sued; (b) acquiring, holding, charging or disposing of movable and immovable property; and (c) doing or performing all such things or acts for the proper discharge of its functions under this Act, 103 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 which may be lawfully performed by a body corporate.

(3) The Service shall be the successor to the National Legal Aid and Awareness Program existing immediately before the coming into force of this Act.

6.

The headquarters of the Service shall be in the Headquarters.

capital city but the Service may establish branches in every County in Kenya to ensure reasonable access of its services.

7.

(1) The functions of the Service shall be to Functions of the Service.

(a) establish and administer a national legal aid scheme that is affordable, accessible, sustainable, credible and accountable; (b) advise the Cabinet Secretary on matters relating to legal aid in Kenya; (c) encourage and facilitate the settlement of disputes through alternative dispute resolution; (d) undertake and promote research in the field of legal aid, and access to justice with special reference to the need for legal aid services among indigent persons and marginalized groups; (e) take necessary steps to promote public interest litigation with regard to consumer protection, environmental protection and any other matter of special concern to the marginalized groups; (f) provide grants in aid for specific schemes to various voluntary social service institutions, for the implementation of legal aid services under this Act; (g) develop and issue guidelines and standards for the establishment of legal aid schemes by Non- Governmental Agencies; (h) in consultation with the Council of Legal Education, develop programs for legal aid education and the training and certification of paralegals; (i) promote, and supervise the establishment and working of legal aid services in universities, colleges and other institutions; 104 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (j) promote the use of alternative dispute resolution methods; (k) take appropriate measures to promote legal literacy and legal awareness among the public and in particular, educate vulnerable sections of the society on their rights and duties under the Constitution and other laws; (1) facilitate the representation of persons granted legal aid under this Act; (m)assign legal aid providers to persons granted legal aid under this Act; (n) establish, coordinate, monitor and evaluate justice advisory centers; (o) coordinate, monitor and evaluate paralegals and other legal service providers and give general directions for the proper implementation of legal aid programs; (p) administer and manage the Legal Aid Fund; and (q) perform such other functions as may be assigned to it under this Act or any other written law.

(2) The Service shall issue guidelines specifying matters or classes of matters relating to the provision of legal aid.

8.

The Service shall have all powers incidental to and Powers of the necessary for the effective discharge of its functions under Service.

this Act and any other written law.

PART III ADMINISTRATION 9.

(1) The Service shall be governed by a board which Establishment of shall consist of Board of Service.

(a) a person appointed by the President from among persons qualified to be appointed as a judge of the High Court, who shall be the chairperson; (b) a judge of the High Court nominated by the Chief Justice; (c) the Principal Secretary in the Ministry for the time being responsible for matters relating to justice; (d) the Principal Secretary in the Ministry for the time being responsible for matters relating to finance; 105 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (e) the Principal Secretary in the Ministry for the time being responsible for the interior and co- ordination of National Government; (f) the Director of Public Prosecutions or his representative; (g) one person nominated by the Law Society of Kenya; (h) one person nominated by the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights; (i) one person nominated by the Council for Legal Education; (j) one person elected by a joint forum of Public Benefit Organizations offering legal aid to the public, including women, youth and children; (k) one person nominated by the National Council of Persons with Disabilities; and (1) the Director.

(2) Each nominating body under sub-section 1(h) to (k) shall submit the names of three nominees to the Cabinet Secretary.

(3) The nomination of board members shall take into account the principles of equality, non-discrimination, regional balance and in so doing shall ensure that not more than two-thirds of the members of the Board shall be of the same gender.

(4) A person shall be qualified for appointment as a member of the Board if such a person is (a) a citizen of Kenya; (b) meets the requirement of Chapter Six of the Constitution; (c) possesses a university degree from a university recognised in Kenya; (d) has knowledge and experience of not less than seven years in the relevant field; and (e) is a person or professional of good standing in the society or respective professional body.

(5) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a member of the Board if such person 106 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (a) is a member of a governing body of a political party or an employee of a political party; (b) is an un-discharged bankrupt; (c) has been convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not less than six months; (d) has been removed from office for contravening the provisions of the Constitution or any other written law.

(6) Members of the Board shall be appointed by the Cabinet Secretary from a list of nominees submitted under subsection (3).

(7) The Board shall, at its first meeting elect the vice- chairperson of the Board from among its members.

(8) The chairperson and the vice-chairperson of the Board shall be of the opposite gender.

10.

The Board shall Functions of the Board.

(a) formulate and review the policies of the Service; (b) ensure that the Service performs its functions; (c) monitor and evaluate the performance of the Service; (d) appoint, train, discipline and remove members of staff of the Service; (e) accredit and enter into cooperation agreements with legal aid providers; (f) set and monitor standards for the establishment and operations of legal aid schemes; (g) establish departments within the Service and allocate responsibilities to such departments; (h) submit annual reports to the National Assembly; and (i) perform such other functions as prescribed by this Act or any other written law.

11.

The Board shall have all powers necessary for the Powers of the Board.

proper performance of its functions under this Act and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, the Board shall have power to 107 Legal Aid 2016 No.

6 (a) control, supervise and administer the assets of the Service in such manner as best promotes the purposes for which the Service is established; (b) determine the provisions to be made for capital and recurrent expenditure and for the reserves of the Board; (c) receive any grants, gifts, donations or endowments and make legitimate disbursements therefrom; (d) enter into association with such other bodies or organizations within or outside Kenya as it may consider desirable or appropriate and in furtherance of the purposes for which the Service is established; (e) open a banking account or banking accounts for the funds of the Service; and (f) invest any of its funds not immediately required for its purposes in the manner provided in section 33.

12.

(1) The chairperson of the Board appointed under Tenure of office.

section 9(1) (a) shall be appointed for a single term of six years and shall not be eligible for re-appointment.

(2) A member of the Board, other than a member under section 9(1) (c), (d), (e), and (g), shall be appointed for a single term of five years and shall not be eligible for re-appointment.

(3) The chairperson and members of the Board shall serve on a part-time basis.

(4) The office of the chairperson or a member shall become vacant if the holder (a) dies; (b) ceases to be a member of the nominating body under section 9(1); (c) is absent from three consecutive meetings of the Board without reasonable cause; (d) resigns from office by notice in writing addressed to the Cabinet Secretary; (e) is unable to perform the functions of the office arising out of physical or mental infirmity; 108 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (f) is negligent or incompetent in the performance of his or her functions; (g) is adjudged or otherwise declared bankrupt under any law in force in Kenya; (h) violates Chapter Six of the Constitution; or (i) is convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than six months.

(5) The Cabinet Secretary shall (a) notify every vacancy in the Gazette within fourteen days of the occurrence of the vacancy; (b) invite nomination of a replacement by the nominating bodies within fourteen days from the date of the Gazette Notice referred to in paragraph (a); and (c) appoint a new member to fill the vacancy within seven days from the date of receipt of the nominations under paragraph (b).

13.

(1) Where a vacancy occurs in the membership of Filling of vacancy.

the Board under section 12(4), the Cabinet Secretary shall appoint a new member in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(2) An appointment to fill a vacancy shall be for the remainder of the term of the member being replaced and the new member shall be eligible for reappointment.

14.

The validity of any proceedings of the Board shall Vacancy not to not be affected by any vacancy among its members or by affect proceedings.

any defect in the appointment of any member or by the fact that a person who was not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings of the Board.

15.

(1) The business and affairs of the Board shall be Procedures of the conducted in accordance with the Schedule.

Board.

(2)Except as provided in the Schedule, the Board may regulate its own procedure.

(3) The Board may co-opt any person to attend its meetings but that person shall not vote at such meeting.

16.

The chairperson, members of the Board and staff Remuneration of of the Service shall be paid such remuneration or members.

109 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 allowances as the Public Service Commission may, on the advice of the Salaries and Remuneration Commission, determine.

17.

(1) The Board may, in the performance of its Committees of the functions under this Act, constitute such committees of the Board.

Board as the Board may consider necessary for the efficient performance of its functions.

(2) The Board may co-opt into the membership of a committee established under subsection (1) any person whose knowledge and skills are considered necessary for the effective discharge of the functions of the Board.

18.

The Board may, by resolution either generally or Delegation by the in any particular case, delegate to any committee of the Board.

Board or to any member, officer, employee or agent of the board, the exercise of any of the powers or the performance of any of the functions or duties of the Board under this Act or under any other written law.

19.

(1) The Board may engage the service of experts Engagement of experts and and consultants in respect of any of the functions of the consultants.

Service.

(2) An expert or consultant engaged under this section may be paid such fees and allowances as the Board may determine.

20.

In the discharge of its functions under this Act, the Coordination with Board shall coordinate with other governmental and non- other agencies.

governmental agencies and other persons or organizations engaged in the promotion of legal aid services and shall (a) promote the establishment of legal aid schemes by governmental and non-governmental agencies.; and (b) in consultation with the Cabinet Secretary responsible for matters relating to finance, recommend incentives, including tax rebates and waivers to persons and organizations that contribute to the Fund or otherwise support the provision of legal aid.

21.

No matter or thing done by a member of the Board Protection from or any officer, employee or agent of the Board shall, if the Personal liability.

matter or thing is done bona fide for executing the functions, powers or duties of the Board, render the 110 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 member, officer, employee or agent or any person acting on his directions personally liable to any action, claim or demand whatsoever.

22.The provisions of section 21 shall not relieve the Liability of the Board of the liability to pay compensation or damages to Board for damages.

any person for an injury to him, his property or any of his interests caused by the exercise of the powers conferred on the Board by this Act or by any other written law or by the failure, whether wholly or partially, or any works.

23.The Board shall not be subject to the direction or Independence of the control of any person or authority in the performance of its Board.

functions.

PART IVMANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF THE SERVICE 24.

(1) There shall be a Director of the Service who The Director.

shall be recruited competitively by the Board.

(2) The Director shall be the Secretary to the Board.

(3) A person is qualified for appointment as the Director if such person (a) is a citizen of Kenya; (b) has been an advocate of the High Court of Kenya for at least seven years; and (c) meets the requirements of Chapter Six of the Constitution.

(4) The Director shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Service and shall (a) be responsible for (i) implementing the decisions of the Board; (ii) the day-to-day administration and management and the control of the other staff of the Service; and (iii) the arrangement of business, recording and keeping of the minutes of the Board and such other records as the Board may direct; (b) subject to the general or special direction of the Board, manage and disburse funds from the Legal Aid Fund for the purposes of this Act; and 111 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (c) perform such other functions as may be assigned by the Board.

(5) The Director shall be an ex officio member of the Board with no right to vote at any meeting of the Board.

(6) The Director shall hold office for a term of three years but shall be eligible for re-appointment for one further term.

25.

(1) The Director may be removed from office by Removal of the Board only for Director.

(a) inability to perform the functions of the office of Director arising out of physical or mental incapacity; (b) gross misconduct; (c) incompetence or neglect of duty; or (d) violation of the Constitution.

(2) The Board shall, before removing the Director under subsection (1) (a) inform the Director in writing of the reasons for the intended removal; (b) give the Director an opportunity to be heard in accordance with the provisions of the Fair Administrative Action Act, 2015.

26.

The Director may, with the approval of the Board, Delegation powers delegate in writing any of his or her powers or functions of Director.

under this Act or any other written law to any other officer or member of staff on the terms specified in the instrument of delegation.

27.

(1) There shall be a secretariat of the Service Staff of the Service.

which shall provide administrative, secretarial and other assistance to the Service.

(2) The secretariat shall comprise of (a) such professional, technical and administrative officers and support staff as may be appointed by the Board in the discharge of its functions; and (b) such public officers as may be seconded by the Public Service Commission upon the request of the Service.

112 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (3) The members of staff of the Service shall be paid such remuneration or allowances as the Board may, in consultation with the Salaries and Remuneration Commission, determine.

28.

(1) The common seal of the Service shall be kept Common seal of the in such custody as the Board shall direct and shall not be Service.

used except on the order of the Board.

(2) The affixing of the common seal shall be authenticated by the chairperson or any other person authorized by a resolution of the Board.

(3) The common seal of the Service shall, when affixed to a document and duly authenticated, be judicially and officially noticed and unless the contrary is proved, any necessary order or authorization of the Board under this section shall be presumed to have been duly given.

PART VTHE LEGAL AID FUND 29.

(1) There is established a fund, to be known as the Establishment of Legal Aid Fund, which shall vest in and be managed by the Legal Aid Fund.

Service.

(2) The Fund shall consist of (a) moneys allocated by Parliament for the purposes of the Service; (b) any grants, gifts, donations, loans or other endowments given to the Service; (c) such funds as may vest in or accrue to the Service in the course of the exercise of its powers or the performance of its functions under this Act; and (d) moneys from any other lawful source accruing to the Fund.

(3) The Service shall open and maintain such bank accounts as are necessary into which shall be paid monies payable to the Fund.

30.

The Service may use the monies of the Fund to Application of the Fund.

(a) defray the expenses incurred in the representation of persons granted legal aid in accordance with this Act; (b) pay the remuneration of legal aid providers for services provided in accordance with this Act; 113 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (c) meet the expenses incurred by legal aid providers in providing services under this Act; and (d) meet the expenses of the operations of the Service as approved by the Board.

31.The financial year of the Fund shall be the period Financial Year.

of twelve months commencing on the first of July and ending on the thirtieth June of the subsequent year.

32.

(1) At least three months before the Annual estimates.

commencement of each financial year the Board shall cause to be prepared estimates of the revenue and expenditure of the Service for that financial year.

(2) The annual estimates shall make provision for all estimated expenditure of the Service for the financial year concerned, and in particular shall provide for (a) the expenses stipulated in section 30; (b) the payment of salaries, allowances and other charges in respect of the members of the Board and staff of the Service; (c) the payment of pensions, gratuities and other charges in respect of benefits which are payable out of the funds of the Service; (d) the proper maintenance of the buildings and grounds of the Service (e) the maintenance, repair and replacement of the equipment and other property of the Service (f) the funding of training, research and development activities of the Service; (g) the creation of such funds to meet future or contingent liabilities in respect of benefits, insurance or replacement of buildings or installations, equipment and in respect of such other matters as the Service may think fit; and (h) any other expenditure necessary for the purposes of this Act.

(3) The annual estimates shall be approved by the Board of the Service before the commencement of the financial year to which they relate and shall be submitted to the Cabinet Secretary for approval and after the Cabinet 114 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 Secretary's approval, the Service shall not increase the annual estimates without the consent of the Cabinet Secretary.

33.

(1) The Service may, subject to the approval of the Investment of funds.

Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to finance, invest any funds not immediately required for its purposes, as it may determine.

(2) The Board may place or deposit with such bank or banks as it may determine any money not immediately required for the purposes of the Board.

34.

(1) The Board shall cause to be kept all proper Accounts and Audit.

books and records of account of the income, expenditure, assets and liabilities of the Service.

(2) Within a period of three months after the end of each financial year, the Service shall submit to the Auditor- General the accounts of the Service in respect of that year together with a (a) statement of the income and expenditure of the Service during that year; and (b) statement of the assets and liabilities of the Service on the last day of that financial year.

(3) The annual accounts of the Service shall be prepared, audited and reported upon in accordance with the provisions the Article 226 and 229 of the Constitution and the law relating to public audit.

PART VILEGAL AID SERVICES 35.

(1) The Service shall provide legal aid services at General principles of the expense of the State to persons who qualify for legal legal aid.

aid services under this Act.

(2) The Service shall provide legal aid services in (a) civil matters; (b) criminal matters; (c) children matters; (d) constitutional matters; (e)matters of public interest; or (f) any other type of case or type of law that the Service may approve.

115 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (3) Despite subsection (2), the Service shall (a) determine the legal needs of indigent persons and of disadvantaged communities in Kenya; (b) establish priorities for the areas of law, types of proceedings for which it will provide legal aid services; and (c) formulate policies for the kind of legal aid services to be provided in the different areas of law, types of cases and types of proceedings.

(4) The Service shall establish and administer a cost effective and efficient system for providing high quality legal services within the financial resources available to the Service.

(5) Except as is otherwise provided under this Act (a) the assistance or representation through legal aid shall not affect the relationship between the rights of an advocate and a client or any privilege arising out of such relationship; and (b) the rights conferred by this Act on an aided person shall not affect the rights or liabilities of any other parties to any proceedings or the principles on which the discretion of any court is normally exercised.

36.

(1) A person is eligible to receive legal aid Persons eligible for services if that person is indigent, resident in Kenya and legal aid.

is (a) a citizen of Kenya (b) a child; (c) a refugee under the Refugees Act; No.13 of 2006 (d) a victim of human trafficking; or (e) an internally displaced person; or (f) a stateless person.

(2) A person who is eligible to receive legal aid services under subsection (1) shall apply to the Service in the prescribed manner.

(3) A person shall not receive legal aid services unless the Service has determined that the individual's financial resources are such that the person is eligible for the services.

116 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (4) Despite subsections (1), (2) and (3), the Service shall not provide legal aid services to a person unless the Service is satisfied that (a) the cost of the proceedings is justifiable in the light of the expected benefits; (b) resources are available to meet the cost of the legal aid services sought; (c) it is appropriate to offer the services having regard to the present and future demands; (d) the nature, seriousness and importance of the proceedings to the individual justify such expense; (e) the claim in respect of which legal aid is sought has a probability of success; (f) the conduct of the person warrants such assistance; (g) the proceedings relate to a matter that is of public interest; (h) the proceedings are likely to occasion the loss of any right or the person may suffer damages; (i) the proceedings may involve expert cross- examination of witnesses or other complexity; (j) it is in the interest of a third party that the person be represented; (k) denial of legal aid would result in substantial injustice to the applicant; or (1) there exists any other reasonable ground to justify the grant of legal aid.

37.

The Service shall not provide legal aid services in Legal aid not available in certain respect of civil proceedings civil matters.

(a) to a company, corporation, trust ,public institution, civil society , Non-Governmental Organization or other artificial person; (b) in matters relating to tax; (c) in matters relating to the recovery of debts; (d) in bankruptcy and insolvency proceedings; and (e) in defamation proceedings.

117 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 38.

(1) The Service may grant legal aid to an applicant Several parties to a in a matter in which more than one person is a party with suit the same interest and the applicant is entitled to sue or has been sued on behalf of all those persons.

(2) Except in the case of public interest matters, if an applicant has the right to be joined with others as a plaintiff in one action because a common question of law or fact arises, the Service may grant legal aid to the applicant that is limited to the proceedings necessary to preserve the applicant's right to relief.

39.

(1)The Service may, where it deems it necessary, Alternative dispute recommend an aided person to alternative forms of dispute resolution.

resolution and may for that purpose, provide the aided person with such services at the expense of the Service.

(2) An alternative dispute resolution service may be provided by (a) an employee of the Service; or (b) a person or institution with expertise in the area of alternative dispute resolution that is engaged by the Service specifically to conduct an alternative dispute resolution programme.

PART VII APPLICATION FOR LEGAL AID 40.

(1) A person who wishes to receive legal aid, shall Application for legal apply to the Service in writing.

aid.

(2) Where a person wishes to apply for legal aid the person shall apply before the final determination of the matter by a court, tribunal or any other forum to which the application relates.

(3) An application under subsection (1) shall be assessed, with respect to the applicants' eligibility for legal aid services in accordance with this Act.

41.

An application for legal aid may be made by- Persons who may apply for legal aid.

(a) the applicant in person; (b) any other person authorized by the applicant in writing; (c) any person or organization (i) authorized by the applicant in writing, on behalf of the applicant; or 118 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (ii) on behalf of the applicant where the authority of the applicant cannot be reasonably obtained due to physical or mental incapacity.

42.

(1) The officer-in-charge of a prison, police Persons in lawful station, remand home for children or other place of lawful custody.

custody shall (a) ensure that every person held in custody, is informed, in language that the person understands, of the availability of legal aid on being admitted to custody and is asked whether he or she desires to seek legal aid; (b) maintain a register in which shall be entered the name of every person held there and the response of each such person when asked if he or she desires to seek legal aid; and (c) ensure that a legal aid application form is made by a person in their custody wishing to apply for legal aid and shall inform the Service of the application within twenty-four hours of the making of the application.

(2) A person who willfully obstructs a person held in lawful custody from applying for legal aid commits an offence.

43.

(1) A court before which an unrepresented accused Duties of the court.

person is presented shall (a) promptly inform the accused of his or her right to legal representation; (b) if substantial injustice is likely to result, promptly inform the accused of the right to have an advocate assigned to him or her; and (c) inform the Service to provide legal aid to the accused person.

(2) The Service shall provide legal aid to the accused person in accordance with this Act.

(3) Where a child is brought before a court in No.8 of 2001 proceedings under the Children Act or any other written law, the court may where the child is unrepresented, order the Service to provide legal representation for the child.

119 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (4) Where an accused person is brought before the court and is charged with an offence punishable by death, the court may, where the accused is unrepresented, order the Service to provide legal representation for the accused.

(5) The provision of legal representation under sub- section (4) shall be subject to the criteria for eligibility for legal aid under this Act.

(6) Despite the provisions of this section, lack of legal representation shall not be a bar to the continuation of proceedings against a person.

44.

(1 ) On an application for legal aid, the Service Decision on application for legal may, in respect of the whole or any part of a matter, aid.

proceedings or appeal (a) grant legal aid to the applicant subject to such terms and conditions as the Service considers appropriate; (b) grant legal aid to the applicant on an interim basis pending further consideration of the application; or (c) refuse to grant legal aid to the applicant.

(2) Where the Service grants legal aid to an applicant under this Act, the Service shall specify (a) the conditions, if any, attaching to the grant; (b) the name of the accredited legal aid provider assigned to the aided person; and (c) may specify a maximum grant.

(3) The Service shall make a decision on every application for legal aid without undue delay but not later than forty eight hours from the date of receipt, by the Service, of such application.

(4) The decision of the Service shall be in writing and shall specify (a) the conditions, if any, attaching to the grant of legal aid; (b) the matter for which the legal aid is granted or not granted; (c) the date on which the grant of legal aid takes effect; 120 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (d) the benefits included in the grant of legal aid; (e) the possible deductible amount from the grant to the aided person; and (f) the name of the legal aid provider assigned to the aided person.

(5) The conditions referred to in subsection (4)(a) shall specify the amount, if any, that shall be payable by the applicant to the Service on account of costs recovered by the applicant in the proceedings in respect of which legal aid was provided.

(6) Where the Service grants legal aid the Service shall issue a certificate of grant of legal aid to a successful applicant and shall send a copy of the certificate to the designated legal aid provider.

(7) Where the Service does not grant legal aid to an applicant, the Service shall send a written notice to the applicant stating (a) the reasons for refusal to grant legal aid; and (b) the right to seek review of the decision of the Service and of appeal to the High Court.

45.

(1) Where a party to civil proceedings is granted Notification of other legal aid, the legal aid provider under the grant shall parties.

immediately give notice of that fact to every other party to the proceedings, and to the Registrar of the relevant court.

(2) If any other person subsequently becomes a party to the proceedings, the legal aid provider shall give notice to the new party.

(3) If the grant of legal aid is withdrawn, the legal aid provider under the grant shall immediately notify all parties to the proceedings and the Registrar of the relevant court, of that fact.

46.

(1) An applicant for legal aid, an aided person or a Notification of change in person acting for an aided person shall notify the Service circumstances.

of (a) any increase in the income or disposable capital of the applicant by an amount that may affect the aided person's eligibility for egal aid; and (b) any change in the address of the applicant, aided person or of the person acting forthe aided person.

121 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an aided person is deemed to have waived any legal professional privilege that might otherwise prevent a person acting for the aided person from complying with that subsection.

(3) Where an aided person or person acting for an aided person fails to give information under subsection( 1) (a), the Service (a) shall cancel the certificate issued under section 44(6) and cease to provide legal aid services to the aided person; (b) may declare that, with respect to part of the legal aid services rendered, the aided person is not entitled to legal aid services; and (c) may recover from the aided person the amount that it has paid or is obligated to pay to the legal aid provider.

(4) Where an advocate or legal aid service provider knowingly fails to give information under subsection (1) (a), the Service shall, with respect to part or all of the legal aid services declare that the advocate, or service provider is not entitled to payment by the Service and, if any payment has already been made for such services, the Service shall recover the amount it has paid for services rendered after the date of the failure to discharge the obligation.

47.

The Service may require an aided person to Financial provide up-to-date information about the person's financial information.

means if the Service requires the information to make any decision under this Act.

48.

(1) The Service may where it is satisfied that there Variation of a decision to provide is sufficient reason to vary its decision, vary a decision to legal aid.

provide legal aid services to a person under this Act at any time in order to (a) terminate the provision of legal aid services; (b) alter the nature or extent of the legal aid services, including the variation of a decision relating to the person or persons who will provide the legal aid services; (c) make the provision of legal aid services subject to conditions; or 122 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (d) alter a condition to which the provision of legal aid services is subject.

(2) The Service shall issue a notice of the decision under subsection (1) to the aided person within fifteen days of the decision.

49.

(1) Where a decision has been made in relation to Application for review of grant of an application for legal aid, the aided person may apply to legal aid by aided the Service for a review of the grant of legal aid in person.

accordance with this Act.

(2) On an application under sub-section (1) the Service may review any decision in relation to any of the following (a) any conditions imposed on a grant of legal aid; (b) the suspension or cancellation of the accreditation of a legal aid provider; (c) any amount payable by the applicant, under a grant of legal aid; (d) the appointment of any legal aid provider in a grant of legal aid; (e) the maximum grant; or (f) the withdrawal of, or variation of the terms or conditions on which legal aid is granted.

(3) The Service, may after considering an application for review of the grant (a) reject the application for review; (b) vary the terms on which the grant was made; or (c) review its decision to grant legal aid.

50.

Any legal aid provider appointed by the Service Application for review by a legal aid who is aggrieved by a decision of the Service in respect of provider.

an amount payable by the Service to the legal aid provider may apply to the Service to review its decision.

51.

(1) The Service may review a decision to grant Review of decision legal aid where of the Service.

(a) the conditions on which legal aid was granted have substantially changed; or (h) the aided person has for any reason ceased to be eligible for legal aid.

123 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (2) The Service shall send a written notice of its decision to the aided person and the designated legal aid provider within seven days of such decision.

(3) The Service shall not be liable for any costs incurred by the aided person and the legal aid provider, subsequent to service upon them of the notice specified in subsection (2).

(4) Where an aided person is no longer entitled to legal aid, any service by a legal aid provider subsequent to cessation of legal aid shall not be the responsibility of the Service.

52.

(1) Where the Service decides to withdraw legal Withdrawal of legal aid provided to an aided person the Service shall, as soon aid.

as is practicable send a written notice to the aided person and the legal aid provider of (a) the intention to withdraw legal aid; (b) the reasons for the decision to withdraw legal aid; and (c) the right of the aided person to seek a review of the decision.

(2) An aided person or a legal aid provider who is served a notice pursuant to subsection (1) may, within fourteen days of receipt of the notice, submit a written statement of objection to the intended withdrawal to the Service.

(3) The Service shall, within fourteen days of receipt of the statement of objection specified in subsection (2) notify the aided person or legal aid provider of its final decision.

(4) Where a grant of legal aid is withdrawn, the Service shall within seven days notify the aided person, the legal aid provider and the Court of the date on which the withdrawal takes effect.

53.

(1) The withdrawal of legal aid does not affect Consequences of withdrawal of legal aid.

(a) obligations of the aided person arising out of the conditions of the grant; (b) the rights of the Service to enforce the obligations arising out of the conditions of the grant; or (c) the obligations of the Service to pay for services provided under the grant before the date of withdrawal.

124 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (2) If legal aid is withdrawn in respect of an aided person, the legal aid provider has the right to recover from the aided person the difference between the amount paid or payable by the Service under this Act and the full amount of that legal aid provider's fees and disbursements.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the amount payable by the Service shall be for services rendered by the legal aid provider prior to the receipt of notice of withdrawal.

(4) Upon the withdrawal of legal aid, a legal aid provider shall apply for leave of Court to cease providing legal aid services in the relevant case.

54.

(1) An aided person may apply to the Service to Termination of legal aid providers' terminate the services of a designated legal aid provider for mandate by aided good cause and the Service shall appoint another legal aid person.

provider to represent the aided person.

(2) The Service shall give written notice of any application made under subsection (1) to the legal aid provider whose services are to be terminated within seven days of receipt of such application.

(3) The legal aid provider may make representations on his own behalf in response to the application of the aided person.

(4) In determining an application for termination of the services of a designated legal aid provider, the Service shall be guided by the Fair Administrative Action Act, 2015.

(5) A legal aid provider whose services are terminated under this section shall be entitled to payment for services rendered at the request of the Service, prior to the date of termination.

55.

An applicant, an aided person or a legal aid Appeal to High provider who is aggrieved by a decision of the Service may Court.

appeal to the High Court within thirty days of the decision.

PART VIIIACCREDITATION OF LEGAL AID PROVIDERS 56.

A person Or organization shall not provide legal Provision of legal aid services under this Act unless that person or aid.

organization is accredited to provide those services.

125 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 57.

(1) The Service shall, through regulation, develop Accreditation and adopt criteria for accreditation of persons and criteria.

institutions to provide legal aid services.

(2) In developing accreditation criteria, the Service shall consult with the Law Society of Kenya, the Attorney- General, the Director of Public Prosecutions, public benefit organizations and any other person that the Service considers necessary.

58.

(1) A person or organization wishing to provide Application for legal aid services shall apply to the Service for accreditation.

accreditation in the prescribed manner.

(2) A person who or an organization which (a) gives false information in an application for accreditation; (b) purports to provide legal aid services under this Act as an accredited legal aid provider without accreditation, commits an offence.

59.

The Service may accredit a person or an institution Accreditation of providing the services prescribed by the Service.

legal aid providers.

60.

(1)The Service shall maintain a register of Register of accredited legal aid accredited legal aid providers containing providers.

(a) the personal details and contact addresses of all accredited legal aid providers; (b) in the case of a registered association or a public benefit organization, the nature of the association or organization and the particulars of its registration; (c) the nature of services in respect of which the legal aid providers are accredited; (d) the number of cases being handled by the legal aid provider at any given time; and (e) any other matter prescribed by regulations.

(2) The Service shall ensure that the register maintained under subsection (1) (a) is publicized, placed or posted and made available for inspection at no charge by members of the public at police stations, courts, prisons and such 126 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 other public places as may be determined by the Service; and (b) is available in electronic form or other accessible formats.

61.

(1) Except as may be expressly provided for by or Obligations relating to professional under this Act, the fact that a legal aid provider provides conduct.

services under this Act does not in any way affect that provider's obligations under any rules or codes of conduct of any professional or similar body to which that provider belongs, nor does it in any way affect their rights, obligations, responsibilities, or duties as a member of such body.

(2) The Service shall develop a code of conduct to apply to accredited legal aid providers.

(3) The code of conduct referred to under subsection (2) shall provide for (a) the protection of the rights and interests of an aided person; (b) duties to the aided person, the Service, court or tribunal; (c) conflict of interest; (d) observance of confidentiality; (e) in the case of professionals, the duty to observe prescribed ethical standards of their respective professional bodies; and (f) probity and ethical conduct.

62.

(1)No legal aid provider, agent or staff of the Unauthorized Service shall demand, request or receive payment from or payments.

in respect of an aided person, in relation to services rendered under this Act, unless such payment is authorized under this Act.

(2) Any person who demands, requests or receives the payment specified under subsection (1) commits an offence.

63.

Except as otherwise authorized by the Service, an Legal aid accredited legal aid provider shall pay all disbursements disbursements.

relating to a matter in which legal aid has been granted and claim for reimbursement of those costs.

may - 127 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 64.

(1) A legal aid provider shall Protection of interests of the (a) take all reasonable steps to protect the interests of Service.

the Service and the aided person; and (b) inform the Service if the legal aid provider is aware that the aided person has avoided, is avoiding, or is attempting to avoid making payments to the Service from proceeds of proceedings.

(2) If a person to whom subsection (1) applies fails to fulfill his or her duties under that subsection, the money that should have been paid to the Service or from proceeds of proceedings, may be deducted from any money owing, by the Service, to that person.

65.

(1) A legal aid provider shall Records, monitoring and evaluation.

(a) keep proper records of activities undertaken on behalf of an aided person; and (b) provide legal services, as prescribed by the Service.

(2) The Service shall monitor and evaluate the activities and the quality of legal representation offered by a legal aid provider under sub-section (1).

66.

(1)The Service may temporarily suspend any Suspension of approved services in the accreditation of a registered legal accreditation.

aid provider for a specified period if the accredited legal aid provider (a) is in breach of the code of conduct prescribed under this Act, a code of conduct prescribed by the relevant professional body or under any other written law; (b) is convicted of an offence; (c) is subject to disciplinary procedures before the relevant professional body of which he or she is a member; or (d) fails to keep proper records of activities undertaken on behalf of an aided person or to provide legal services, and the Service considers that this shall have an adverse effect on the interests of the aided person generally or in any particular case.

128 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (2) The Service shall give written notice of its decision to suspend the accreditation of a legal aid provider within seven days of the suspension.

(3) A legal aid provider whose accreditation is suspended shall cease to provide the relevant service, and the Service shall not be liable to pay for any service rendered to an aided person after the date on which the suspension takes effect.

(4) A legal aid provider whose accreditation is suspended may request the Service to review its decision within fourteen days of receipt of the notice of suspension.

(5) The Service shall, within twenty eight days of receipt of the request specified in sub-section (4) notify the aided person or legal aid provider of its decision.

67.

(1) The Service may cancel the accreditation of a Cancellation of legal aid provider on any of the following grounds accreditation.

(a) the Service is satisfied that the accreditation was obtained by mistake, fraud ,undue influence or misrepresentation; (b) the legal aid provider- (i) does not meet the accreditation criteria, whether or not that criteria was adopted before or after the accreditation was given; (ii) is not providing, or has not provided, the service for which they are accredited to the prescribed standard; (iii) has been adjudged bankrupt, is insolvent or has entered into an arrangement with his or her creditors; (iv) has failed to comply with one or more of the conditions of the accreditation; or (v) is convicted of an integrity related offence which touches on his or her integrity, accountability, or is subject to an order made under the relevant body.

(2) The Service shall give written notice of its decision to cancel the accreditation of a legal aid provider under subsection (1) to the legal aid provider within seven days of the cancellation.

129 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (3) A legal aid provider whose accreditation is cancelled shall cease to provide the relevant service, and the Service shall not pay for any services provided after the date on which the cancellation takes effect.

(4) A legal aid provider whose accreditation is cancelled may request the Service to review its decision within fourteen days of receipt of the notice of cancellation.

68.

(1) An accredited paralegal employed by the Legal advice and assistance by Service or supervised by an accredited body may provide paralegals.

legal advice and assistance in accordance with this Act.

(2)An accredited paralegal shall not demand payment of a fee from a person who qualifies for legal aid under this Act.

(3) An accredited paralegal who demands payment of a fee as specified under subsection (2) commits an offence.

PART IXENFORCEMENT OF CONDITIONS OF GRANT OF LEGAL AID 69.

(1) An aided person who receives legal aid shall Terms of provision of funded services.

(a) pay a fee of such amount as may be determined by the Service; (b) if the financial resources of the aided person are, or relevant conduct is, such as to make the aided person liable to do so, pay the cost of the services or make a contribution in respect of the cost of the services of such amount as may be prescribed; or (c) if the services relate to a dispute and the aided person has agreed to make a payment ( which may exceed the cost of the services) only in specified circumstances, make in those circumstances a payment of the amount agreed or determined in the manner agreed by the aided person.

(2) For purposes of this section, "relevant conduct" means conduct in connection with the services, an application for funding or any proceedings in relation to which they are provided.

70.

(1)Where the Service or an advocate who is Recovery of costs accredited under section 59(1) has assisted an aided person and benefits who has been awarded costs in any proceedings, the aided person is deemed to have surrendered the costs to the Service, and the Service shall be entitled to such costs.

130 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (2) Where an aided person has been compensated through an award of damages in any proceedings, such person shall be entitled to the award, provided that the service shall have the right to deduct from the award, the costs it incurred in respect of the proceedings.

71.

A legal aid provider shall take the steps necessary Enforcement of to enforce a judgment or an out-of-court settlement in order judgment.

to recover the proceeds of proceedings.

PART X AWARD OF COSTS IN CIVIL PROCEEDINGS 72.

(1) If an aided person receives legal aid for civil Liability of aided proceedings and loses the case, the court shall not award an person for costs.

order of costs against the aided person, unless there are exceptional circumstances.

(2) In determining whether there are exceptional circumstances under subsection (1), the court may take into account any of the following conduct by the aided person (a) conduct that causes the other party to incur unnecessary costs; (b) misleading or deceitful conduct; (c) unreasonable pursuit of one or more issues on which the aided person fails; (d) unreasonable refusal to negotiate a settlement or participate in alternative dispute resolution; or (e) other conduct that abuses the processes of the court.

73.

If an order is made under section 72 specifying Costs against an that an aided person is liable for costs, the Service shall not aided person.

be liable for the payment of such costs.

74.

(1)Unless there are exceptional circumstances, an Aided person not required to provide aided person shall not be required to provide security for security for costs costs during litigation or appeal proceedings.

(2) An order of security for costs made in any proceedings against any person to whom legal aid services are rendered under this Act shall not be enforceable against the Service or any accredited legal aid provider.

131 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 PART XIPAYMENT FOR LEGAL AID SERVICES 75.

(1) The Service shall, in consultation with relevant Fees payable.

professional bodies, determine the scales of fees payable to legal aid providers contracted by the Service in the performance of its functions under this Act.

(2) In determining the scales of fees payable under this Act, the Service shall take into account (a) sustainability of the legal aid scheme; (b) reasonableness; (c) accessibility of legal aid services; and (d) extending the Service to as many beneficiaries as possible.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), the Service may, in exceptional circumstances, enter into an agreement with a legal aid provider to provide services under this Acton such terms as may be agreed between the legal aid provider and the Service.

(4) The scale fees determined by the Service shall be less than the legal fee applicable to persons not aided by the Service.

76.

A claim for payment in respect of legal aid under Claim for payment by legal aid this Act shall be made by the legal aid provider to the provider.

Service in the prescribed manner and shall indicate (a) the fees claimed by, or the charges due to the legal aid provider; (b) the fees claimed by or the charges due to, any other provider who acted on the matter with the approval of the Service; and (c) the disbursements claimed by the legal aid provider and any other provider who represents the aided person, with the approval of the Service.

77.

(1) Every claim, or part of a claim, shall be Examination and audit of claims by examined by the Service to ensure that the claim or part of legal aid providers.

a claim is in accordance with the approved rates and applicable agreement.

(2) The Service may audit the quality and value of the services provided by the legal aid provider that have been, or may be, paid for by the Service.

132 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (3) A legal aid provider who is subject to an examination or audit shall co-operate with the officer of the Service and, in particular shall ensure that the officer of the Service is at all reasonable times, given access to (a) all documents under the control of the legal aid provider that relate to the claim under examination; or (b) matters for which the legal aid provider has claimed or may claim payment from the Service.

78.

(1) The Service shall pay a legal aid provider in Service to pay respect of every claim or part of a claim that the Service approved claims.

approves for payment.

(2) The Service shall not withhold payment of part of a claim on the ground that another part of the claim has been deferred for examination by the Service or has been declined by the Service.

79.

(1) An aided person shall not be required to make Payment for any payment in connection with the provision of services, services.

except where it is otherwise provided.

(2) An aided person may be required to pay for (a) the cost of services; (b) a contribution in respect of the services; (c) administration costs; and (d) any other service provided to the aided person.

80.

The Service shall refund any amount paid by an Refund of excess aided person to the Service where the amount paid by the payments.

aided person exceeds the amount the aided person is required to pay to the Service.

81.

(1) The Service may waive its right to recover a Waiver of right to debt due to the Service by an aided person, if recover debts.

(a) the enforcement of the debt would cause serious hardship to the aided person; (b) the cost of enforcing the debt is likely to exceed the debt sought to be recovered; (c) the Service considers that it would be just and equitable in the circumstances of the case to do so.

(2) The Service may at the request of an aided person make a decision under subsection (1) at any time.

133 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (3) Where the Service waives its right to recover a debt, under sub-section (1), the Service shall give notice of the waiver to the debtor.

(4)The waiver of a debt does not affect the obligation of the Service to pay any person who provided legal services under the relevant grant of legal aid.

PART MIMISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 82.Except for the purposes of this Act, no member of Disclosure of the Service or its employees or accredited legal aid information.

providers shall disclose any personal information relating to an aided person obtained in the course of their duties.

83.(1) The Service shall, not later than three months Annual report and after the end of each financial year, submit to the Cabinet other reports.

Secretary an annual report covering the activities and the operations of the Service under this Act during the immediately preceding year.

(2) The annual report of the Service shall contain, in respect of the year to which it relates (a) the financial statements of the Service; (b) a description of the activities of the Service; (c) such other statistical information as the Board may consider appropriate relating to the functions of the Service; (d) the impact of the exercise of the mandate or functions of the Service; (e) the gender, regional and ethnic diversity in the Service; (f) the challenges, if any, faced in the implementation of the Act; and (c) any other matter relating to the functions of the Service that the Board considers necessary.

(3) The Service shall publish and publicize the annual report in such manner as the Service may determine.

(4) The Cabinet Secretary shall, within one month after the receipt of the annual report submit the report to the National Assembly together with a statement of the views of the Cabinet Secretary on the performance of the Service during the year to which the report relates.

134 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (5) The Service shall submit to the Cabinet Secretary any other report that the Cabinet Secretary may in writing, request.

84.

The Service shall, at least once in every three Legal Aid years, prepare and publish a Legal Aid Guide detailing in Guide.

simple language- (a) the provisions of this Act and other relevant legislation and regulations; (b) the policies and directives of the Service; and (c) the legal aid services available from the Service.

85.

(1) A member of the Board or an employee of the Offences.

Service who (a) knowingly subverts the process of providing legal aid; (b) knowingly obstructs the Service in the discharge of its functions; or (c) otherwise interferes with the functions of the Service, commits an offence.

(2) Any person who commits an offence under this Act for which no penalty is provided is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred and fifty thousand shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

86.

(1) The Cabinet Secretary may make Regulations Provisions on generally for the better carrying into effect the provisions delegated powers.

of this Act.

(2) Notwithstanding the generality of subsection (1), the Regulations made under this Act may provide for (a) the criteria for eligibility for legal aid; (b) the procedures for the provision of legal aid to persons detained at police stations, or in remand, prison or other places of lawful custody; (c) procedures and terms and conditions of accreditation of service providers; (d) the records to be kept by legal aid providers in relation to legal aid assignments and the reports to be submitted to the Service; 135 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (e) the manner of applying for legal aid under this Act; (f) the manner of assessing the financial resources of applicants and the eligibility of applicants for legal aid; (g) the amount or amounts payable by a aided person; (h) the method or methods for calculating what maximum grant, if any, should be set under a grant of legal aid in respect of proceedings ; (i) the manner in which applications for, and grants of, legal aid in respect of a child, and other persons with special requirements, are to be dealt with; (j) the class or classes of defendants to whom priority shall be given or for whom services may be limited; (k) the conditions relating to the delivery of services under any scheme; (1) the methods for calculating the cost of services; (m)the payment of interest in respect of costs of service; (n) the circumstances and terms of refusal, variation and withdrawal of legal aid; (o) anything required to be prescribed under this Act; and (p) any other matters necessary for the administration of this Act.

(3) For the purposes of Article 94 (6) of the Constitution (a) the purpose and objective of delegation under this section is to enable the Cabinet Secretary to make regulations to provide for the better carrying into effect of the provisions of this Act and to enable the Service to discharge its functions effectively; (b) the authority of the Cabinet Secretary to make regulations under this Act will be limited to bringing into effect the provisions of this Act and to fulfil the objectives specified under this section; 136 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 (c) the principles and standards applicable to the regulations made under this section are those set Cap.

2 out in the Interpretations and General Provisions Act and the Statutory Instruments Act, 2013.

87.

(1) In any matter relating to legal aid, in the event Supersession, savings and of any conflict between the provisions of this Act and those transitional of any other written law, the provisions of this Act shall provisions.

prevail.

(2) Until the Board is established, the National Legal Aid and Awareness Steering Committee appointed pursuant to Gazette Notice number 11598 of 2007 and in existence immediately before the coming into force of this Act shall continue to operate as if it were the Board under this Act.

(3) A case handled by a legal aid pilot existing immediately before the coming into force of this Act and which is not concluded shall continue and be concluded in such manner as the Service shall determine.

(4) Any asset, right or property held on behalf of a legal aid pilot in existence immediately before the coming into force of this Act shall be transferred to the Service.

(5) An obligation or liability subsisting against a legal aid pilot immediately before the coming into force of this Act shall, on the commencement of this Act, subsist against the Service.

(6) The Service shall be bound in all contracts including contracts of service, if any, subsisting at the commencement of this Act and to which the National Legal Aid and Awareness Programme was a party directly or through the State department responsible for legal aid.

137 2016 Legal Aid No.

6 (s.15) SCHEDULE MEETING AND PROCEDURE OF THE BOARD 1.

(1)The Board shall meet not less than four times in Meetings.

every financial year and not more than four months shall elapse between the date of one meeting and the date of the next meeting.

(2) Notwithstanding subparagraph (1), the chairperson may, and upon requisition in writing by at least five members shall, convene a special meeting of the Board at any time for the transaction of the business of the Board.

(3) Unless three-quarters of the members otherwise agree, at least seven days notice in writing of a meeting shall be given to every member.

(4) A meeting shall be presided over by the chairperson or in his or her absence by the vice- chairperson.

2.

(1) If any person has a personal or fiduciary interest Conflict of interest.

in any matter before the Board, and is present at a meeting of the Board or committee at which any matter is the subject of consideration, that person shall as soon as is practicable after the commencement of the meeting, declare such interest and shall not take part in any consideration or discussion of or vote on any question touching such matter.

(2) A disclosure of interest made under sub-paragraph 1 shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting at which it is made.

(3) Any person who contravenes sub-paragraph 1 commits an offence and is liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding two million shillings, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

(4) No member or staff of the Board shall transact any business or trade with the Board directly or indirectly.

3.

(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) the quorum of the Quorum.

meeting shall not be less than half of the appointed members.

(2) Where there is a vacancy in the Board, the quorum of the meeting shall not be less than three appointed members.

138 No.

6 Legal Aid 2016 4.

A question before the Board shall be decided by a Voting.

majority vote of those members present and forming a quorum.

5.

(1) The Board shall Rules of procedure and minutes.

(g) determine rules of procedure for the conduct of its business; and (h) keep minutes of its proceedings and decisions.

.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way