M-Wakili

Land Disputes Tribunals Cap 303A - as Plain Text by MWakili

LAWS OF KENYA The Land dispuTes TribunaLs acT Chapter 303a Revised Edition 2010 (1990) Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney General www.kenyalaw.org CAP2.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 CHAPTER 303A THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT ARRANGEMENTS OF SECTIONS Section 1Short title and commencement.

2Interpretation.

3Limitation of jurisdiction, etc.

4Establishment of Tribunals.

5Panel of elders.

6Exercise of jurisdiction by Tribunal.

7Decision of the Tribunal.

8Appeals to the Appeals Committee and the High Court.

9Land Disputes Appeal Committee.

10Rules.

11Repeal.

12Amendment of Cap.300.

13Transitional provisions.

Subsidiary legislation Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 3 CHAPTER 303A THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT Commencement: 1st July, 1993 An Act of Parliament to limit the jurisdiction of magistrates courts in certain cases relating to land; to establish Land Disputes Tribunals and dene their jurisdiction and powers and for connected purposes ENACTED by the Parliament of Kenya as follows: 1.

This Act may be cited as the Land Disputes Tribunals Act, 1990 Short title and and shall come into operation on the 1st July, 1993.

commencement.

L.N.

91/1993.

2.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires Interpretation.

elders means persons in the community or communities to which the parties by whom the issue is raised belong and who are recognized by custom in the community or communities as being, by virtue of age, experience or otherwise, competent to resolve issues between the parties; Cap.

302.

land means agricultural land as dened in section 2 of the Land Control Act, whether or not registered under the Registered Land Cap.

300.

Act, but does not include land situated within an adjudication section Cap.

284.

declared under the Land Adjudication Act or the Land Consolidation Act Cap.

283.

or land which is the subject of determination by the Land Registration Cap.

282.

Court under the Land Titles Act; magistrates court means the Resident Magistrates Court or a District Magistrates Court; Minister means the Minister for the time being responsible for matters relating to land; Registrar has the meaning assigned to that term under the Cap.

300.

Registered Land Act.

registration district means the administrative district in which the land the subject of a dispute is situated; Tribunal means a Land Disputes Tribunal established under section 4.

CAP4.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 Limitation of 3.

(1) Subject to this Act, all cases of a civil nature involving a jurisdiction, etc.

dispute as to (a) the division of, or the determination of boundaries to land, including land held in common; (b) a claim to occupy or work land; or (c) trespass to land, shall be heard and determined by a Tribunal established under section 4.

(2) Every dispute referred to in subsection (1) shall be instituted by presenting a claim to the Tribunal for the area in which the land is situated, and shall contain, and contain only, a summary of the material facts on which the claimant intends to rely.

(3) Every claim shall be registered in register of claims to be kept by the Tribunal in the prescribed manner and the claims shall be numbered consecutively in each year according to the order of their institution.

(4) Every claim shall be served on the other party, or, where there are more than one, on each of the other parties to the dispute and the Cap.

21.

provisions of the Civil Procedure Act as regards service of summonses shall thereafter apply.

(5) Each party upon whom a claim is served shall, unless the claim is admitted, within thirty days after service, le with the Tribunal an answer containing a reply to the matters stated in the claim and a summary of the facts upon which he wishes to rely.

(6) Within thirty days after the answer has been led under subsection (5) the claim shall be set down for hearing by the Tribunal.

(7) The Tribunal shall adjudicate upon the claim and reach a decision in accordance with recognized customary law, after hearing the parties to the dispute, any witness or witnesses whom they wish to call and their submissions, if any, and each party shall be afforded an opportunity to question the other partys witness or witnesses.

(8) The Tribunal shall give reasons for its decision, which shall contain a summary of the issues and the determination thereof, and which shall be dated and signed by each member of the Tribunal.

Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 5 (9) Notwithstanding any other written law no magistrates court shall have or exercise jurisdiction or powers in cases involving any issues set out in paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (1).

(10) In adjudicating upon claims instituted under this section the Tribunal may be assisted by the Registrar.

4.

(1) There shall be established a tribunal, to be called the Land Establishment of Disputes Tribunal, for every registration district.

tribunals.

(2) Each Tribunal shall consist of (a) a chairman who shall be appointed from time to time by the District Commissioner from the panel of elders appointed under section 5; and (b) either two or four elders selected by the District Commissioner from a panel of elders appointed under section 5.

5.

(1) The Minister shall, by notice published in the Gazette, Panels of elders.

appoint a panel of elders for each registration district.

(2) If an elder on the panel becomes, in the opinion of the Minister, unt to be selected to serve as a member of the Tribunal or incapable of performing any duties as such, the Minister shall forthwith declare his ofce to be vacant and shall notify the fact in such manner as he thinks t, and thereupon the ofce shall become vacant.

(3) Subject to subsection (2), the appointment of a member of the panel shall be for such term and subject to such conditions as may be determined by the Minister.

(4) A person who ceases to hold ofce as a member of the panel shall be eligible for reappointment thereto.

6.

(1) Subject to this Act, each Tribunal shall have jurisdiction to Exercise of resolve disputes instituted under section 3 (2).

jurisdiction by Tribunal.

(2) Whenever a dispute is being dealt with by the Tribunal (a) the chairman shall preside at the hearing; and (b) the decision of the Tribunal shall be that of the majority of the members hearing the dispute.

CAP6.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 Decision of the 7.

(1) The chairman of the Tribunal shall cause the decision of Tribunal.

the Tribunal to be led in the magistrates court together with any depositions or documents which have been taken or proved before the Tribunal.

(2) The court shall enter judgement in accordance with the decision of the Tribunal and upon judgement being entered a decree shall issue and shall be enforceable in the manner provided for under Cap.

21.

the Civil Procedure Act.

Appeals to the 8.

(1) Any party to a dispute under section 3 who is aggrieved Appeals Committee by the decision of the Tribunal may, within thirty days of the decision, and the High Court.

appeal to the Appeals Committee constituted for the Province in which the land which is the subject matter of the dispute is situated.

(2) The appeal shall be registered in a register of appeals in the same manner as the register of claims under section 3 (3); and a notice thereof shall be served on the other party or parties to the dispute in the same manner as provided in subsection (4) of section 3.

(3) The appeal shall be in documentary form and shall contain a brief statement, to be divided into separate grounds of appeal, of the reasons upon which the party appealing wishes to rely.

(4) The appeal shall then be set down for hearing by the Appeals Committee at a date, time and place to be notied to the parties thereto.

(5) The appeal shall then be determined by the Appeals Committee, which shall consist of three members appointed under section 9.

(6) At the hearing of the appeal, the party bringing the appeal shall begin.

(7) After giving each party an opportunity to state his case the Appeals Committee shall determine the appeal giving reasons for its decision: Provided that the Committee may in its discretion permit the party appealing to reply to the other partys submission if that submission contains any new matter not previously introduced at the hearing or on the appeal.

(8) The decision of the Appeals Committee shall be nal on any issue of fact and no appeal shall lie therefrom to any court.

Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 7 (9) Either party to the appeal may appeal from the decision of the Appeals Committee to the High Court on a point of law within sixty days from the date of the decision complained of: Provided that no appeal shall be admitted to hearing by the High Court unless a Judge of that Court has certied that an issue of law (other than customary law) is involved.

(10) A question of customary law shall for all purposes under this Act be deemed to be a question of fact.

9.

(1) The Minister shall establish for each Province a Land Land Disputes Disputes Appeals Committee which shall consist of Appeals Committee.

(a) a chairman appointed from time to time by the Provincial Commissioner from the panel of elders appointed by the Minister by notice published in the Gazette for purposes of appeals under this Act; and (b) such persons, not being less than ve, appointed by the Minister.

(2) For the purpose of hearing appeals from Tribunals in the Province for which the Committee is constituted the Committee shall sit in a panel of three members and in such places as may be determined by the Provincial Commissioner.

10.

(1) The Minister may make rules Rules.

(a) prescribing the procedure of Tribunals, in particular (i) the form in which any decision, order or determination of a Tribunal shall be given; (ii) the evidence which may be admitted in proceedings before a Tribunal and the taking of such evidence; and generally for all matters in connection with the bringing, hearing and determining of disputes referred to a Tribunal to be resolved; (b) prescribing the composition and qualications for membership of the Tribunal and of the Appeals Committee and the terms of service of such members all of whom shall be eligible for re-appointment; (c) prescribing any procedural requirements which the Minister CAP8.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 may deem desirable in relation to appeals additional to the provisions set out in section 7; and (d) prescribing generally for all other matters which may be deemed by the Minister necessary for the better carrying out of the provisions of this Act and for the payment of all such fees as may be considered necessary.

Repeal of 11.

The Magistrates Jurisdiction (Amendment) Act 1981 is No.

14 of 1981.

repealed.

Amendment of 12.

Section 159 of the Registered Land Act is amended by deleting section 159 of the words where the disputes comes within the provisions of Part IIIA Cap.

300.

of the Magistrates Courts Act, in accordance with Part and inserting No.

18 of 1990.

where the dispute comes within the provisions of section 3 (1) of the Land Disputes Tribunals Act in accordance with that Act.

Transitional 13.

(1) Where any proceedings to which section 3 (1) of this provisions.

Act applies have, at the commencement of this Act, been led in a magistrates court, then, unless the court has at that time heard and pronounced judgement thereon, the proceedings shall be discontinued until the dispute has been referred to the Tribunal and determined in accordance with this Act.

(2) Where the court has, at the commencement of this Act, heard the case and pronounced judgement thereon, any appeal therefrom shall proceed as if this Act had not been enacted.

(3) For avoidance of doubt it is hereby provided that nothing in this Act shall confer jurisdiction on the Tribunal to entertain proceedings in respect of which the time for bringing such proceedings is barred under any law relating to the limitation of actions or to any proceedings which had been heard and determined by any court.

Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 9 [Subsidiary] SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS (FORMS AND L.N.

13/1993, PROCEDURE) RULES, 1993 L.N.

179/2001, L.N.

50/2008, L.N.

4/2010.

1.

These Rules may be cited as the Land Disputes Tribunals (Forms and Citation.

Procedure) Rules, 1993.

2.

In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires Interpretation.

Appeals Committee means a Land Disputes Appeals Committee constituted under section 9 of the Act; chairman means the chairman of a Tribunal; clerk means the clerk of a Tribunal; register means the register required to be kept in accordance with section 3 (3) of the Act.

3.

(1) An application for a determination of a dispute under section 3(1) Forms.

of the Act by a Tribunal shall be in Form A set out in the First Schedule.

(2) A notice of hearing of the claim to be served on the complainant shall be in Form B set out in the First Schedule.

(3) A notice of attendance to be served on the objector shall be in Form C set out in the First Schedule.

(4) Where a court either on its own initiative or on a request by a party in a suit before it, refers a dispute for determination by a Tribunal the reference shall be in Form D set out in the First Schedule.

(5) A witness summons issued by a Tribunal shall be in Form E set out in the First Schedule.

4.

The fees specied in the Second Schedule shall be payable in Fees.

proceedings before a Tribunal and an Appeals Committee.

5.

(1) An application for an appeal to an Appeals Committee in accordance Application for with section 8 of the Act, shall be in Form 1 set out in the Third Schedule.

appeal.

(2) The hearing notice, and the notice of attendance to the respondent shall be in Forms 2 and 3 respectively set out in the Third Schedule.

6.

Each Tribunal shall cause to be prepared and maintained by the clerk Register to be kept.

to the Tribunal a register containing with regard to any claim referred before the Tribunal the following CAP10.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 [Subsidiary] (a) date of claim; (b) claims serial number; (c) name(s) of claimant(s); (d) name(s) of objector(s); (e) nature of claim and relief sought by claimant; (f) names of elders present; (g) nal determination; (h) date of nal decision.

Application to 7.

Where any dispute exists, the party desirous of referring such dispute tribunal.

to a Tribunal shall make an application to the appropriate Tribunal established under section 4 of the Act in the appropriate form in the First Schedule and the Tribunal shall thereupon take cognizance of the dispute and register the dispute in the register.

Court to refer 8.

Notwithstanding the provisions of rule 7, a court may on its own motion dispute.

or on an application by a party in a civil suit before it, refer any dispute for determination by the appropriate Tribunal and where such dispute is referred the Tribunal shall follow the procedure provided for in these Rules.

9.

The clerk shall after charging the appropriate fee open a case le and Case les.

shall record all the particulars in the register.

10.

The clerk shall xa hearing date which shall not be earlier than Clerk to x dates.

fourteen days from the date of registration and in xing the hearing date, due regard shall be had to the place of residence of the objector and the time necessary for the service of the attendance notice and the hearing date shall be so xed as to allow the objector sufcient time to enable him to appear on such day: Provided that where the parties are immediately available, the dispute may be set down for hearing at an earlier date.

Service of notice.

11.

The clerk shall prepare a hearing notice and a notice of attendance in the prescribed forms and shall effect service both on the claimant and the objector Cap.

21.

in the manner provided for by the Rules made under the Civil Procedure Act.

Summoning 12.

Where a witness is required to appear before a Tribunal, the clerk witnesses.

shall prepare a witness summons in accordance with these Rules and effect service in accordance with rule 11.

Procedure of hearing 13.

On the day xed for hearing if only the claimant attends and the before Tribunal.

Tribunal is satised Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 11 [Subsidiary] (a) that the notice of attendance was duly served on the objector the Tribunal may proceed to hear the matter ex-parte; (b) that the attendance notice was not duly served on the objector, it shall direct that a second notice be served; (c) that the notice was not served in sufcient time for the objector to attend or for other sufcient cause the objector was unable to attend it shall postpone the hearing.

14.

If on the day xed for the hearing only the objector attends and admits Claimant fails to no part of the claim, the dispute shall be dismissed except for a good cause to attend.

be recorded by the Tribunal.

15.Where a dispute has been dismissed under rule 14, no fresh dispute Dismissal of dispute.

may be brought in respect of the same claim: Provided that where under these Rules a Tribunal has pronounced its decision the Tribunal may on an application by the claimant set aside the decision or vary the decision on the such terms as are just.

16.

On the day xed for hearing where all the parties are present, the Evidence to be claimant shall give his evidence rst and may call his witnesses and produce adduced by claimant.

any documents on which he wishes to rely.

17.

Thereafter the objector shall respond to the claimants claim and Objector to respond.

support his objection by calling witnesses and producing documents.

18.

Notwithstanding any provisions in these Rules, the Tribunal shall be Tribunal summons at liberty to summon any person as a witness at any of its hearings or to produce persons.

any documents at the hearing of any dispute.

19.

No party to or other person interested therein shall be entitled to Advocates not appear by or to be represented by an advocate in any proceedings unless a allowed in Tribunals.

Tribunal or an Appeals Committee directs otherwise.

20.

At the conclusion of every dispute the Tribunal shall make a Determination by the determination to be served on the person affected by the decision and such Tribunal.

determination shall be led in the magistrates court, and the court shall enter judgement in accordance with the decision of the Tribunal and upon judgement being entered a decree shall issue and be enforceable in the manner provided for under the Civil Procedure Act.

21.

The chairman shall award costs and expenses to the witnesses and any Awarding costs.

other person who deserves to be awarded costs and expenses and in so doing he may be guided by the Advocates Remuneration Order.

22.

Proceedings of a Tribunal and of Appeals Committee shall be open Proceedings open to to the public.

public.

23.

A person aggrieved by the decision of a Tribunal may appeal to the Right of appeal.

Appeals Committee as provided under section 8 of the Act.

CAP12.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE Form A (r.

3 (1)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) an appliCation to File a Claim To The Clerk , Land Disputes Tribunal.

I hereby apply to the Land Disputes Tribunal to le a claim 1.

Particulars of the Claimant: (a) Full names.

(b) Address.

(c) Nationality.

ID/No.

.

(d) District of Residence.

2.

Particulars of Objector: (a) Full names.

(b) Address.

(c) Nationality.

ID/No.

.

(d) District of Residence.

3.

The claim for (a) the division of land in.

(b) the determination of boundaries to land in.

(c) occupation or working on land in (d) trespass to land in.

4.

Description of land subject of dispute: (a) Locality.

(b) Acreage.

(c) Nature of ownership.

5.

Material facts on which the claimant intends to reply:.

6.

Declaration: I hereby declare that the above information is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

.

Signature of Claimant Note.Should the space allowed under any particular item be insufcient for the information a separate sheet with item numbers clearly marked and duly signed by the claimant should be attached.

Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 13 [Subsidiary] Form B (r.

3 (2)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) IN THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONERS/ OFFICERS OFFICE land dispute no.

.

oF 19 notiCe oF hearing to Claimant BETWEEN.

Claimant Versus Objector To.

(Claimant).

.

TAKE NOTICE that the determination of your dispute has been xed for.

day of ., 19 at.

Oclock in the.

noon or as soon thereafter as the dispute can be heard at the District Commissioners or Ofcers Ofce or.

at.

If no appearance is made on your behalf or by yourself, the dispute will be heard and decided in your absence.

Given under my hand on the ., 19.

.

Chairman of the Tribunal _ Form C (r.

3 (3)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) IN THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONERS/OFFICERS OFFICE land dispute no.

oF 19.

notiCe oF attendanCe to the objeCtor BETWEEN.

Claimant Versus Objector To.

(Objector).

.

TAKE NOTICE THAT.

(Claimant) has led a claim against you in respect of Land in.

(Location).

in.

District and the hearing CAP14.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 [Subsidiary] of the dispute has been xed before the Land Disputes Tribunal at the District Commissioner/Ofcer of District on day of ,19.

at.

or as soon thereafter as the dispute can be heard.

If no appearance is made on your behalf or by yourself, the dispute will be heard and decided in your absence.

Given under my hand on ., 19.

.

Chairman of the Tribunal _ Form D (r.

3 (4)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) COURT REFERENCE TO TRIBUNAL FOR DETERMINATION IN.

COURT AT.

Civil Case no.

oF 19.

.

Plaintiff(s) Applicant (s) Versus.

Defendant(s) Respondent(s) THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONERS/OFFICERS OFFICE AT P.

O.

Box.

The above mentioned case being a land dispute between the above parties is hereby referred to the Land Disputes Tribunal established for the Registration District for arbitration or settlement (subject- matter of the dispute).

.

Enclose herewith is a certied copy of the Court Order.

You are required within.

Days to forward your record and nding to the Resident Magistrate at.

Court.

Dated the.

Magistrate c.c.

1.

Plaintiff(s).

2.

Defendant(s) Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 15 [Subsidiary] Form E (r.

3 (5)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) IN THE DISTRICT COMMISSIONERS/OFFICERS OFFICE AT land dispute no.

.

oF 19.

Witness summons.

Claimant Versus.

Objector To.

(Witness) for.

.

.

.

WHEREAS your attendance is required to.

on behalf of the.

in the above district you are hereby required (personally) to appear before the Land Disputes Tribunal for the.

Registration District at this ofce on the.

day of ., 19.

at.

Oclock, and to bring with you any documents or persons connected with the above dispute, and so from day to day until your presence is dispensed with by the Tribunal.

Given under my hand on ., 19.

.

Chairman of the Tribunal CAP16.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 [Subsidiary] L.N.179/2001, SECOND SCHEDULE (r.

4) L.N.

50/2008, L.N.

4/2010.

Fees KSh.

(a) Filing of the claim 2, 000 (b) Filing of the appeal 3,000 (c) Visitation fees 2,000 (d) Making certied copies of the proceedings 250 (e) On issue of attendance notice 100 (f) On issue of hearing notice 200 (g) On issue of witness summons 200 (h) Service fees in all case (local) 200 (i) Service of fees in all cases (outside the district) 400 THIRD SCHEDULE Form 1 (r.

5 (1)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) APPLICATION TO FILE AN APPEAL AGAINST THE DECISION OF THE DISTRICT LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNAL To: The Clerk.

Provincial Appeals Committee.

I hereby apply to the Provincial Appeals Committee to le an appeal against the decision of the.

District Land Disputes Tribunal.

1.

Particulars of appellant: (a) Full names.

(b) Address (c) Nationality.

ID/No.

.

2.

Particulars of respondent: (a) Full names.

(b) Address.

(c) Nationality.

ID/No.

.

Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 17 [Subsidiary] 3.

Description of Land: (a) District.

(b) Locality (c) Acreage 4.

Particulars of Appeal: (a) Claim number in the register of claims.

(b) Decision of the District Land Disputes Tribunal.

.

(c) Specic grounds of appeal:.

.

.

5.

Declaration: I hereby declare that the above information is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

.

Appellants Signature _ Note.If spaces allowed under any particular item are insufcient for the information a separate sheet with item numbers and duly signed by the appellant should be attached.

Form 2 (r.

5 (2)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) IN THE PROVINCIAL COMMISSIONERS OFFICE appeal no.

.

oF 19 notiCe For hearing to appellant.

Appellant Versus.

Respondent To.

(Appellant).

.

.

TAKE NOTICE that the determination of your appeal has been xed for.

day of ., 19 at .Oclock CAP18.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 [Subsidiary] in the.

noon, or as soon thereafter as the appeal can be heard by the.

Provincial Appeals Committee at the Provincial Commissioners Ofce or at.

If no appearance is made by yourself, or on your behalf the appeal will be heard and determined in your absence.

Given under my hand on , 19.

.

Chairman of Appeals Committee Form 3 (r.

5 (2)) THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS ACT, 1990 (No.

18 of 1990) IN THE PROVINCIAL COMMISSIONERS OFFICE appeal no.

.

oF 19.

notiCe oF attendanCe to the respondent Appellant Versus.

Respondent To:.

(Respondent).

.

.

TAKE NOTICE THAT.

(appellant) has led an appeal against the decision of the.

District Land Disputes Tribunal in Land Dispute No.

.

of.

and the hearing of the appeal has been xed before the Provincial Appeals Committee at the Provincial Commissioners Ofce on.

day of ., 19.

at.

Oclock or as soon thereafter as the appeal can be heard.

If no appearance is made on your behalf by yourself, the appeal will be heard and decided in your absence.

Given under my hand on ., 19.

.

Chairman, Appeals Committee Rev.

2010] Land Disputes Tribunals CAP.

303A 19 [Subsidiary] THE LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS (REMUNERATION) L.N.

81/1996, RULES, 1996 L.N.

178/2001.

1.

These Rules may be cited as the Land Disputes Tribunals Citation.

(Remuneration) Rules, 1996.

2.

Members of Land Disputes Tribunals shall be entitled to the following Sub.

Leg.

allowances and expenses: L.N.

178/2001.

(a) A sitting allowance of KSh.

500 to each (unofcial) member of a Land Disputes Tribunal for every meeting attended.

(b) A sitting allowance of KSh.

1000 to each (unofcial) member of a Land Disputes Appeals Committee for every meeting attended.

(c) A subsistence allowance of KSh.

500 inclusive of meals to each member of a Land Dispute Tribunal for each day the member is required to spend the night away from his home; (d) A subsistence allowance of KSh.

1,500 inclusive of meals to each member of a Land Disputes Appeals Committee for each day the member is required to spend the night away from his home.

(e) Each member of a Land Disputes Tribunal or Land Disputes Appeals Committee shall be eligible for lunch allowance at the rate of 20% of the members subsistence allowance when he is not required to spend the night away from his home.

(f) A car mileage allowance at the prevailing Government rate to (unofcial) members of the Land Disputes Tribunal and the Land Disputes Appeals Committee or a refund of the transport expenses on production of tickets in cases where a member uses public transport.

CAP20.

303A Land Disputes Tribunals [Rev.

2010 [Subsidiary] L.N.

181/2003.

ESTABLISHMENT OF LAND DISPUTES TRIBUNALS 1.

IN EXERCISE of the powers conferred by section 4 of the Land Disputes Tribunals Act, the Minister for Lands and Settlement establishes Land Disputes Tribunals for the registration districts specied in the Schedule.

2.

This notice supercedes all notices published therebefore under this section.

SCHEDULE District: Tharaka Marsabit Meru Central Meru South Embu Mbeere Baringo Koibatek Keiyo Trans Nzoia Laikipia Thika Muranga Bondo Siaya Nyamira Teso Vihiga Lugari Butere/Mumias Kakamega Taita/Taveta Uasin Gishu Wajir Malindi.

.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way