M-Wakili

Labour Relation Act No 14of 2007 - as Plain Text by MWakili

LAWS OF KENYA LABOUR RELATIONS ACT No.

14 of 2007 Revised Edition 2012 [2007] Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General www.kenyalaw.org [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations NO.

14 OF 2007 LABOUR RELATIONS ACT ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I PRELIMINARY Section 1.

Short title.

2.

Interpretation.

3.

Application.

PART II FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION 4.

Employees right to freedom of association.

5.

Protection of employees.

6.

Employers right to freedom of association.

7.

Protection of employers rights.

8.

Rights of trade unions, employers organisations and federations.

9.

Provision may not be varied by agreement.

10.

Disputes under Part.

11.

Burden of proof.

PART III ESTABLISHMENT AND REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNIONS AND EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS 12.

Establishing a trade union or employers organisation.

13.

Application to register a trade union or employers organisation.

14.

Requirements for registering a trade union.

15.

Requirements for registering employers organisation.

16.

Requirements for registering federation of trade unions.

17.

Requirements for registering a federation of employers.

18.

Application for registration.

19.

Registration of trade union, employers organisation or federation.

20.

Refusal to register a trade union, employers organisation or federation.

21.

Effect of registration.

22.

Objects in restraint of trade not unlawful.

23.

Consequences of failure to register.

24.

Registered office.

25.

Registration of branches.

26.

Amalgamation of trade unions, employers organisations or federations.

27.

Change of name or constitution of trade union, employers organisation or federation.

28.

Cancellation or suspension of registration.

29.

Notice of dissolution.

30.

Appeals against decision of Registrar.

3 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations PART IV OFFICIALS AND MEMBERS OF TRADE UNIONS AND EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS Section 31.

Officials.

32.

Membership of minors.

33.

Voting members of trade union.

34.

Election of officials.

35.

Notification of officials.

PART V PROPERTY, FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS OF TRADE UNIONS, EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS AND FEDERATIONS 36.

Trustees.

37.

Property to be vested in trustees.

38.

Devolution of property.

39.

Application of funds.

40.

Prohibition of payment of fines or penalties.

41.

Injunction to restrain misuse of funds.

42.

Treasurer to render accounts.

43.

Annual returns.

44.

Inspection of accounts and records.

45.

Obstructing inspection by Registrar.

46.

Power to require detailed accounts.

47.

Misuse of money or property of a trade union.

PART VI TRADE UNION DUES, AGENCY FEES AND EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION FEES 48.

Deduction of trade union dues.

49.

Deduction of agency fees from unionisable employees covered by collective agreements.

50.

General provisions applicable to deductions.

51.

Collection of levies other than trade union dues.

52.

Direct payment of trade union dues.

53.

Payments by members to employers organisations.

PART VII RECOGNITION OF TRADE UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS 54.

Recognition of trade union by employer.

55.

Election of trade union representatives.

56.

Trade union access to employers premises.

57.

Collective agreements.

58.

Alternative dispute resolution.

59.

Effect of collective agreements.

60.

Registration of collective agreement.

61.

Terms and conditions of service in the public sector where there is no collective bargaining.

[Issue 1] 4 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations PART VIII DISPUTE RESOLUTION Section 62.

Reporting of trade disputes to the Minister.

63.

Respondent may file replying statement.

64.

Interested party may file statement of interest.

65.

Minister to appoint conciliators.

66.

Persons appointed to conciliate.

67.

Conciliators powers to resolve dispute.

68.

Dispute resolved after conciliation.

69.

Dispute unresolved after conciliation.

70.

Minister may appoint conciliator in public interest.

71.

Committee of inquiry.

72.

Exercise of powers of the Minister.

PART IX ADJUDICATION OF DISPUTES 73.

Referral of dispute to Industrial Court.

74.

Urgent referrals to Industrial Court.

75.

Arbitration Act does not apply.

PART X STRIKES AND LOCK-OUTS 76.

Protected strikes and lock-outs.

77.

Powers of Industrial Court.

78.

Prohibited strikes or lock-outs.

79.

Strike or lock-out in compliance with this Act.

80.

Strike or lock-out not in compliance with this Act.

81.

Essential services.

PART XI MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 82.

General penalty.

83.

Regulations.

84.

Repeal of Cap.

233 and Cap.

234.

SCHEDULES FIRST SCHEDULE MATTERS FOR WHICH PROVISION MUST BE MADE IN THE CONSTITUTION OF TRADE UNION OR EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION SECOND SCHEDULE FORMS THIRD SCHEDULE FORMS FOURTH SCHEDULE ESSENTIAL SERVICES FIFTH SCHEDULE TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 5 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations NO.

14 OF 2007 LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Date of assent: 22nd October, 2007.] [Date of commencement: 26th October, 2007.] An Act of Parliament to consolidate the law relating to trade unions and trade disputes, to provide for the registration, regulation, management and democratisation of trade unions and employers organisations or federations, to promote sound labour relations through the protection and promotion of freedom of association, the encouragement of effective collective bargaining and promotion of orderly and expeditious dispute settlement, conducive to social justice and economic development and for connected purposes [Act No.

15 of 2008.] PART I PRELIMINARY 1.

Short title This Act may be cited as the Labour Relations Act, 2007.

2.

Interpretation In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires authorised representative means (a) the general secretary of a trade union; (b) an employer or the chief executive officer of an employer; (c) the secretary of a group of employers; (d) the chief executive or association secretary of an employers organisation; or (e) any person appointed in writing by an authorised representative to perform the functions of the authorised representative; award means an award made by the Industrial Court; Board means the National Labour Board; collective agreement means a written agreement concerning any terms and conditions of employment made between a trade union and an employer, group of employers or organisation of employers; Committee of Inquiry means a Committee of Inquiry appointed by the Minister to inquire into any matter relevant to a trade dispute; contract of service means any agreement, whether oral or in writing, expressed or implied, to employ or to serve as an employee in return for remuneration, and includes contract of apprenticeship and indentured learnership; conciliation means the act or process of conciliating; 7 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations contract of apprenticeship and learnership means a contract of service where there is (a) an obligation on the employer to take all reasonable steps to ensure that the employee is taught, and acquires the knowledge and skills of that industry, by means of practical training received in the cause of the employees training and employment; and (b) a provision for formal recognition of the fact that the employee has acquired the knowledge and skills intended to be acquired where the employee has done so; employee means a person employed for wages or a salary and includes an apprentice and an indentured learner; employer means any person, public body, firm, corporation or company, who or which has entered into a contract of service to employ any individual, and includes the agent, foreman, manager or factor of such person, public body, firm, corporation or company; employers organisation means any number of employers associated together for the purpose, whether by itself or with other purposes, of regulating relations between employers and their employees or the trade unions representing those employees; employment matter means a matter concerning any terms or conditions of, or affecting, employment; executive director means the head of an employers organisation or employers federation; executive board means the body, by whatever name called, to which the management of the affairs of a trade union is entrusted, and includes the chairman, the general secretary and the treasurer of any trade union; federation means a federation of trade unions or a federation of employers; funds of a trade union includes all funds received for and on behalf of a trade union with the exception of provident fund dues; general-secretary means the national secretary of a registered trade union; group of employers means two or more employers who voluntarily associate together for the purposes of negotiating with a trade union and who do not form an employers organisation; Industrial Relations Charter means a tripartite agreement between the Government, the most representative employers organisation, and the most representative employees organisation for the regulation of labour and industrial relations in Kenya; Judge means a Judge of the Industrial Court; [Issue 1] 8 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations lock-out means the closing of a place of employment, the suspension of work, or the refusal by an employer to continue to employ any number of employees (a) for the purpose of compelling any employees of the employer to accept any demand in respect of a trade dispute; and (b) not for the purpose of finally terminating employment; Minister means the Minister for the time being responsible for labour matters; officer when used with reference to a trade union or employers organisation, means a person employed by that trade union or employers organisation; official when used with reference to a trade union or employers organisation, means a duly elected official of a trade union or employers organisation including a member of the executive and a branch official; procedural agreement means any agreement which sets out a dispute resolution procedure in that agreement; recognition agreement means an agreement in writing made between a trade union and an employer, group of employers or employers organisation regulating the recognition of the trade union as the representative of the interests of unionisable employees employed by the employer or by members of an employers organisation; redundancy means the loss of employment, occupation, job or career by involuntary means through no fault of an employee, involving termination of employment at the initiative of the employer, where the services of an employee are superfluous and the practice commonly known as abolition of office, job or occupation and loss of employment; registered employers organisation means an employers organisation registered or deemed to be a registered employers organisation under this Act; registered office means the registered head office of a trade union; registered trade union means a trade union registered or deemed to be registered as a trade union under this Act; Registrar means the Registrar of Trade Unions; sector means an industry or service or part of an industry or service; strike means the cessation of work by employees acting in combination, or a concerted refusal or a refusal under a common understanding of employees to continue to work for the purpose of compelling their employer or an employers organisation of which their employer is a member to accede to any demand in respect of a trade dispute; trade dispute means a dispute or difference, or an apprehended dispute or difference, between employers and employees, between employers and trade unions, or between an employers organisation and employees or trade unions, concerning any employment matter, and includes disputes regarding the dismissal, suspension or redundancy of employees, allocation of work or the recognition of a trade union; 9 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations trade union means an association of employees whose principal purpose is to regulate relations between employees and employers, including any employers organisation; unionisable employee in relation to any trade union means the employees eligible for membership of that trade union.

3.

Application This Act shall not apply to any person in respect of his employment or service (a) in the armed forces, or in any reserve force thereof; (b) in the Kenya Police, the Administrative Police Force, the Kenya Prisons Service and the National Youth Service, or in any reserve force or service thereof.

PART II FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION 4.

Employees right to freedom of association (1) Every employee has the right to (a) participate in forming a trade union or federation of trade unions; (b) join a trade union; or (c) leave a trade union.

(2) Every member of a trade union has the right, subject to the constitution of that trade union to (a) participate in its lawful activities; (b) participate in the election of its officials and representatives; (c) stand for election and be eligible for appointment as an officer or official and, if elected or appointed, to hold office; and (d) stand for election or seek for appointment as a trade union representative and, if elected or appointed, to carry out the functions of a trade union representative in accordance with the provisions of this Act or a collective agreement.

(3) Every member of a trade union that is a member of a federation of trade unions has the right, subject to the constitution of that federation to (a) participate in its lawful activities; (b) participate in the election of any of its office bearers or officials; and (c) stand for election or seek for appointment as an office bearer or official and, if elected or appointed, to hold office.

5.

Protection of employees (1) No person shall discriminate against an employee or any person seeking employment for exercising any right conferred in this Act.

[Issue 1] 10 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (2) Without limiting the general protection conferred by subsection (1), no person shall do, or threaten to do any of the following (a) require an employee or a person seeking employment not to be or become a member of a trade union or to give up membership of a trade union; (b) prevent an employee or person seeking employment from exercising any right conferred by this Act or from participating in any proceedings specified in this Act; (c) dismiss or in any other way prejudice an employee or a person seeking employment (i) because of past, present or anticipated trade union membership; (ii) for participating in the formation or the lawful activities of a trade union; (iii) for exercising any right conferred by this Act or participating in any proceedings specified in this Act; or (iv) for failing or refusing to do something that an employee may not lawfully permit or require an employee to do.

(3) No person shall give an advantage, or promise to give an advantage, to an employee or person seeking employment in exchange for the person not exercising any right conferred by this Act or not participating in any proceedings in terms of this Act: Provided that nothing in this section shall prevent the parties to a dispute from concluding an agreement to settle that dispute.

6.

Employers right to freedom of association (1) Every employer has the right to (a) participate in forming an employers organisation or a federation of employers organisations; and (b) subject to its constitution, join an employers organisation or a federation of employers organisations.

(2) Every member of an employers organisation has the right, subject to the constitution of that employers organisation to (a) participate in its lawful activities; (b) participate in the election of any of its office bearers or officials; and (c) stand for election or seek for appointment as an office bearer or official and, if elected or appointed, to hold office.

(3) Every employer, whether or not that employer is a member of an employers organisation that is a member of a federation of employers organisations, has the right, subject to the constitution of that federation to (a) participate in its lawful activities; (b) participate in the election of any of its office bearers or officials; (c) stand for election and be eligible for appointment as an office bearer or official; and 11 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (d) stand for election or seek appointment as an office bearer and if elected or appointed to hold office.

(4) An employer that is a juristic person may exercise the right to stand for election and hold office in an employers organisation or federation of employers organisation through a representative.

7.

Protection of employers rights (1) No person shall discriminate against an employer for exercising any right conferred by this Act.

(2) Without limiting the general protection conferred by subsection (1), no person shall do, or threaten to do any of the following (a) require an employer not to be or become a member of an employers organisation or to give up membership of an employer organisation; (b) prevent an employer from exercising any right conferred by this Act or from participating in any proceedings specified in this Act; (c) in any way prejudice an employer (i) because of past, present or anticipated employers organisation membership; (ii) for participation in the formation of the lawful activities of an employers organisation; (iii) for exercising any right conferred by this Act or participation in any proceedings specified in this Act; or (iv) failing or refusing to do something that an employer may not lawfully do.

(3) No person shall give an advantage, or promise to give an advantage to an employer in exchange for the employer not exercising any right conferred by this Act or not participating in any proceedings provided for in this Act: Provided that, nothing in this section shall prevent the parties to a dispute from concluding an agreement to settle that dispute.

8.

Rights of trade unions, employers organisations and federations Every trade union, employers organisation or federation has the right to (a) subject to the provisions of this Act (i) determine its own constitution and rules; and (ii) hold elections to elect its officers; (b) plan and organise its administration and lawful activities; (c) participate in forming a federation of trade unions or a federation of employers organisations; (d) join a federation of trade unions or a federation of employers organisations, subject to its constitution, and to participate in its lawful activities; and [Issue 1] 12 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (e) affiliate with, and to participate in the affairs of any international workers organisation or international employers organisation or the international labour organisation, and to contribute or receive financial assistance from those organisations.

9.

Provision may not be varied by agreement A provision in any contract of employment or collective agreement, whether concluded before or after the commencement of this Act, that contradicts or limits any provision of this section is invalid, unless the contractual provision is expressly permitted by this Act.

10.

Disputes under Part If there is a dispute about the interpretation or application of any provision of this Part, any party to the dispute may refer the dispute in writing (a) to the Minister to appoint a conciliator as specified in Part VIII; or (b) if the dispute is not resolved at conciliation, to the Industrial Court for adjudication.

11.

Burden of proof In any proceedings under this Act (a) a party that alleges that a right or protection conferred by this part has been infringed shall prove the facts of the conduct; and (b) the party who is alleged to have engaged in that conduct shall prove that their conduct did not infringe any provision of this Part.

PART III ESTABLISHMENT AND REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNIONS AND EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS 12.

Establishing a trade union or employers organisation (1) No person shall recruit members for the purpose of establishing a trade union or employers organisation unless that person has obtained a certificate from the Registrar issued under this section.

(2) An application for the certificate referred to in subsection (1) shall (a) be signed by two persons who are promoting the establishment of the trade union or employers organisation; (b) specify the name of the proposed trade union or employers organisation; and (c) contain any other prescribed information.

(3) The Registrar shall issue a certificate within thirty days of receiving an application unless (a) the application is defective; or (b) the name of the proposed trade union or employers organisation is the same as that of an existing trade union or employers organisation or is sufficiently similar so as to mislead or cause confusion.

13 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (4) A certificate issued under subsection (3) shall specify that (a) the promoters may undertake lawful activities in order to establish a trade union or employers organisation; and (b) an application for the registration of the trade union or employers organisation shall be made to the Registrar within six months of the date of issue of the certificate.

(5) The Registrar may withdraw a certificate issued under this section if the Registrar has reason to believe that (a) the certificate was obtained by fraud, misrepresentation or as a result of a mistake; or (b) any person has undertaken an unlawful activity, whether in contravention of this Act or any other law, on behalf of the proposed trade union or employers organisation.

13.

Application to register a trade union or employers organisation A trade union or employers organisation shall apply to the Registrar for registration within six months of receiving a certificate issued under section 12.

14.

Requirements for registering a trade union (1) A trade union may apply for registration if (a) the trade union has applied for registration in accordance with this Act; (b) the trade union has adopted a constitution that complies with the requirements of this Act, including the requirements set out in the First Schedule; (c) the trade union has an office and postal address within Kenya; (d) no other trade union already registered is (i) in the case of a trade union of employers or of employees, sufficiently representative of the whole or of a substantial proportion of the interests in respect of which the applicants seek registration; or (ii) in the case of an association of trade unions, sufficiently representative of the whole or a substantial proportion of the trade unions eligible for membership thereof: Provided that the Registrar shall, by notice in the Gazette and in one national daily newspaper with wide circulation, notify any registered trade union, federation of trade unions or employers organisations which appear to him to represent the same interest as the applicants of the receipt of such application and shall invite the registered trade union federation of trade unions or employers organisation concerned to submit in writing, within a period to be specified in the notice, any objections to the registration; (e) subject to subsection (2), only members in a sector specified in the constitution qualify for membership of the trade union; [Issue 1] 14 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (f) the name of the trade union is not the same as that of an existing trade union, or sufficiently similar so as to mislead or cause confusion; (g) the decision to register the trade union was made at a meeting attended by at least fifty members of the trade union; (h) the trade union is independent from the control, either direct or indirect, of any employer or employers organisations; and (i) the trade unions sole purpose is to pursue the activities of a trade union.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1)(d), the Registrar may register a trade union consisting of persons working in more than one sector, if the Registrar is satisfied that the constitution contains suitable provisions to protect and promote the respective sectoral interests of the employees.

15.

Requirements for registering employers organisation (1) An employers organisation may apply for registration if (a) the employers organisation has applied for registration in accordance with the requirements of this Act; (b) the employers organisation has adopted a constitution that complies with the requirements of this Act, including the requirements of the First Schedule; (c) the employers organisation has an office and postal address within Kenya; (d) no other employers organisation already registered is (i) in the case of a trade union of employers or of employees, sufficiently representative of the whole or of a substantial proportion of the interests in respect of which the applicants seek registration; or (ii) in the case of an association of trade unions, sufficiently representative of the whole or a substantial proportion of the trade unions eligible for membership thereof: Provided that the Registrar shall, by notice in the Gazette and in any one national daily newspaper with wide circulation, notify any registered trade union federation of trade unions or employers organisation which appears to him to represent the same interest as the applicants of the receipt of such application and shall invite the registered trade union federation of trade unions or employers organisation concerned to submit in writing within a period to be specified in the notice, any objections to the registration; (e) subject to subsection (2), the constitution of the employers organisation specifies that only employers within a specified sector qualify for membership; (f) the name of the employers organisation is not the same as that of an existing employers organisation or sufficiently similar so as to mislead or cause confusion; 15 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (g) the decision to register was taken at a meeting attended by at least four members; (h) the employers organisation is independent from the control, either directly or indirectly of any trade union or federation of trade unions; (i) the employers organisations primary purpose is to conduct the activities of an employers organisation.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1)(c), the Registrar may register an employers organisation consisting of employers in more than one sector, if the Registrar is satisfied that the constitution contains suitable provision to protect and promote the respective sectoral interests of employers.

16.

Requirements for registering federation of trade unions The requirements for registration as federation of trade unions are (a) the federation has applied for registration in accordance with this Act; (b) the federation has adopted a constitution that complies with the requirements of this Act; (c) the federation has an office and postal address in Kenya; (d) the constitution of the federation specifies that its members are registered trade unions only; (e) the federation was established at a meeting attended by the representatives of at least three registered trade unions with the mandate of their respective executive boards; (f) the name of the federation is not the same as one of an existing trade union or federation or sufficiently similar so as to mislead or cause confusion; and (g) the federation is independent from the control, either, directly or indirectly, of any employers organisation or federation of employers.

17.

Requirements for registering a federation of employers The requirements for registration of a federation of employers are (a) the federation has applied for registration in accordance with this Act; (b) the federation has adopted a constitution that complies with the requirements of this Act; (c) the federation has an office and postal address in Kenya; (d) the constitution of the federation specifies that its members are employers or registered employers organisations; (e) any other trade union already registered is (i) in the case of a trade union of employers or of employees, sufficiently representative of the whole or of a substantial proportion of the interests in respect of which the applicants seek registration; or [Issue 1] 16 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (ii) in the case of an association of trade unions, sufficiently representative of the whole or a substantial proportion of the trade unions eligible for membership thereof: Provided that the Registrar shall, by notice in the Gazette and in any one national daily newspaper with wide circulation, notify any registered trade union, federation of trade unions or employers organisation which appears to him to represent the same interest as the applicants of the receipt of such application and shall invite the registered trade union or federation of trade unions or employers organisation concerned to submit, in writing within a period to be specified in the notice, any objections to the registration; (f) the federation was established at a meeting attended by the representatives of at least three members; (g) the name of the federation is not the same as one of an existing federation of employers or sufficiently similar so as to mislead or cause confusion; (h) it is independent from the control, either directly or indirectly of any trade union or federation of trade unions.

18.

Application for registration (1) An application to register a trade union, employers organisation or federation shall be made to the Registrar in Form A set out in the Second Schedule, accompanied by (a) the prescribed fee; (b) a certified copy of the constitution of the trade union or employers organisation; and (c) a certified copy of the attendance register and minutes of the meeting at which the trade union, employers organisation or federation was established.

(2) An application to register a trade union shall be signed by seven members of the trade union.

(3) The Registrar may (a) call for further information for the purposes of evaluating an application for registration; or (b) give an applicant for registration an opportunity to rectify the application within a period specified by the Registrar.

(4) If the proposed name of a trade union, employers organisation or federation is the same or sufficiently similar to that of an existing organisation so as to mislead or cause confusion, the Registrar shall (a) request the applicant for registration to alter the name of the trade union or employers organisation or federation; or (b) not register the trade union, employers organisation or federation until a suitable alteration has been made.

17 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations 19.

Registration of trade union, employers organisation or federation (1) If the Registrar is satisfied, after consulting the Board, that a trade union, employers organisation or federation that has applied for registration meets the requirements of the Act, the Registrar shall register that trade union, employers organisation or federation and shall (a) issue a certificate of registration in Form B set out in the Second Schedule; and (b) enter the name and details of the trade union, employers organisation or federation in the appropriate register in Form C set out in the Second Schedule.

(2) A certificate of registration issued under subsection (1) is conclusive evidence that the trade union, employers organisation or federation has been duly registered under this Act unless it is proved that the certificate has been withdrawn or cancelled.

20.

Refusal to register a trade union, employers organisation or federation If the Registrar is not satisfied that a trade union, employers organisation or federation meets the requirements for registration and refuses the application for registration, the Registrar shall advise the trade union, employers organisation or federation of the reasons for that refusal in Form D set out in the Second Schedule.

21.

Effect of registration A trade union, employers organisation or federation shall be registered as a body corporate (a) with perpetual succession and a common seal; (b) with the capacity in its own name to (i) sue and be sued; and (ii) enter into contracts; and (c) hold, purchase or otherwise acquire and dispose of movable and immovable property.

22.

Objects in restraint of trade not unlawful A registered trade union, employers organisation or federation is not an association in restraint of trade and its objects may not, by reason only that they are in restraint of trade (a) be deemed to be unlawful so as to render any member of the trade union liable to criminal prosecution for conspiracy or otherwise; or (b) be unlawful so as to render void or voidable any agreement or trust.

23.

Consequences of failure to register (1) No person shall perform any act in furtherance of a trade union or employers organisation unless that trade union or employers organisation (a) is registered under this Act; or [Issue 1] 18 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (b) an application for its registration is being considered.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), an employers organisation or trade union may undertake activities in order to secure compliance with the requirements for registration if (a) the Registrar has issued a certificate specified under section 12; and (b) less than six months have elapsed from the time the registrar issued a notice as requested under section 14.

(3) The provisions of this section do not apply to any activity undertaken for the purpose of (a) defending proceedings against a trade union or employers organisations; or (b) dissolving the trade union or employers organisation and disposing of its funds in accordance with its rules.

(4) No person shall act or purport to act as an officer or official of a trade union or employers organisation that is not registered or has had its registration cancelled.

24.

Registered office (1) Every trade union, employers organisation or federation shall (a) have a physical office and postal address to which all communication and notices may be addressed; and (b) give notice of its physical office and postal address and of any change of office or address to the Registrar in Form E set out in the Second Schedule, who shall enter it in the appropriate register.

(2) No trade union, employers organisation or federation shall (a) operate without having a registered physical office; and (b) fail to give notice of its office and address or any change of office or address as required under subsection (1).

25.

Registration of branches (1) A trade union, employers organisation or federation shall apply to the Registrar to register its branches in Form F set out in the Second Schedule.

(2) An application to register a branch shall (a) be made by an authorised representative within thirty days of the formation of the branch; (b) specify the name of the branch, its postal address and the place at which the branch will meet or conduct its business; and (c) specify the titles, names, ages, occupation and place of work of all officials of the branch.

(3) The authorised representative specified under subsection (2) shall give notice to the Registrar in writing of the dissolution of any branch of a trade union, employers organisation or federation.

19 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (4) The Registrar (a) shall maintain registers reflecting the branches of trade unions, employers organisations and federations; and (b) may request further information before deciding whether to register a branch or remove its name from the relevant register.

(5) No person shall act or purport to act as an official of a branch of a trade union, employers organisation or federation if that branch is not registered or has had its registration cancelled.

26.

Amalgamation of trade unions, employers organisations or federations (1) A registered trade union, employers organisation or federation may amalgamate with one or more registered trade unions or employers organisations, as the case may be.

(2) An amalgamation of trade unions, employers organisation or federation may occur without a dissolution or division of the funds of the amalgamating trade unions, employers organisations or federations.

(3) An amalgamation under this section may only occur if (a) each of the amalgamating trade unions, employers organisations or federations has conducted a secret ballot in compliance with any prescribed requirements; (b) at least fifty per cent of the members of each trade union, employers organisation or federation entitled to vote have voted; and (c) the number of members who vote in favour of the proposed amalgamation exceeds by at least twenty per cent the number of members who vote against the amalgamation.

(4) Notice of a proposal to amalgamate a trade union, employers organisation or federation shall be in Form G set out in the Second Schedule and shall be signed by the authorized representative of each party to the amalgamation.

(5) If the amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation proposes to represent members in more than one sector, the Registrar may only register the amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation if satisfied that the constitution contains suitable provision to protect and promote the respective sectoral interests of employees or employers.

(6) Where the amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation is registered under this Act, the Registrar shall (a) issue a certificate of amalgamation in Form H set out in the Second Schedule; and (b) remove the amalgamating trade unions or employers organisations from the relevant register.

(7) The Registrar may not register the amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation if its name is the same or sufficiently similar to that of an existing union, organisation or federation so as to be likely to mislead or cause confusion.

[Issue 1] 20 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (8) Where the Registrar has registered an amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation (a) all the assets, rights, obligations and liabilities of the amalgamating trade unions, employers organisations or federations devolve upon and invest in the amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation; and (b) the amalgamated trade union, employers organisation or federation succeeds the amalgamating trade union, employers organisations or federations in respect of (i) any right that the amalgamating trade unions, employers organisations or federations enjoyed; (ii) any fund established under this Act or any other law; (iii) any court proceedings, court order, arbitration award or collective agreement or other agreement; (iv) any written authorization by a member for the periodic deduction of levies or subscription due to the amalgamating organisation; and (v) any notice by the Minister in respect of the deduction of trade union subscriptions as specified in Part VI.

27.

Change of name or constitution of trade union, employers organisation or federation (1) A trade union, employers organisation or federation may resolve to (a) change or replace its constitution; or (b) change its name.

(2) A registered trade union, employers organisation or federation may apply to the Registrar to approve a change of name or an amendment to its constitution and rules by submitting to the Registrar (a) a notice in Form I or Form J as the case may be set out in the Second Schedule duly completed and signed by the secretary; (b) a copy of the resolution containing details of the change; and (c) a certificate signed by the secretary stating that the resolution was passed in accordance with the constitution and rules.

(3) Notice of the change specified in subsection (2) shall be submitted to the Registrar within fourteen days of any resolution to change the name or constitution.

(4) Upon receipt of the notice of change of name or constitution, the Registrar shall give a notice of at least twenty-one days in the Gazette and in three daily newspapers of national circulation inviting any objections to the proposed change of name or constitution by members of the trade union and where any such objection is raised, the Registrar shall investigate the complaint and the grounds relied upon and may (a) refer the matter to the Industrial Court; (b) refuse to accept the proposed amendments; or (c) make any orders that he may deem fit in the circumstances.

21 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (5) The Registrar may approve a change of name or to the constitution if the applicable requirements of registration of a trade union, employers organisation or federation are met.

(6) The Registrar shall issue a certificate of change of name or change of the constitution in Form K or Form L, as the case may be.

(7) Any change of name or change to the constitution and rules of a registered trade union, organisation or federation shall take effect when the Registrar approves the change under this section.

(8) A change in the name of a trade union, employers organisation or federation does not (a) affect any right or obligation of that trade union, employers organisation or federation; (b) render defective any legal proceedings by or against it and any proceeding instituted under the former name may be continued or commenced by or against it under the new name.

(9) Where the Registrar refuses to approve a change under this section, the Registrar shall give written notice of that decision and the reasons for the refusal.

28.

Cancellation or suspension of registration (1) The Registrar shall cancel or suspend the registration of a trade union, employers organisation or federation if (a) the trade union, employers organisation or federation is dissolved; or (b) the Registrar is satisfied that the trade union, employers organisation or federation has ceased to exist.

(2) The Registrar may cancel or suspend the registration of a trade union, employers organisation or federation if the Registrar is satisfied that the trade union, employers organisation or federation (a) was registered as a result of fraud, misrepresentation or mistake; (b) is operating in contravention of this Act; (c) is being used for an unlawful purpose; (d) has failed to conduct elections in accordance with the requirements of this Act; or (e) is not independent.

(3) The Registrar shall not cancel or suspend registration of a trade union, employers organisation or federation under subsection (2), unless the Registrar has (a) given the trade union, employers organisation or federation at least two months notice of his intention to suspend or cancel its registration in Form M set out in the Second Schedule; and (b) considered any representations made by the trade union, employers organisation or federation within that two month period.

[Issue 1] 22 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (4) If the Registrar cancels or suspends the registration of a trade union, employers organisation or federation, the Registrar shall (a) notify it of that decision in Form N set out in the Second Schedule; and (b) give reasons for the decision.

(5) A trade union, employers organisation or federation may appeal against a decision of the Registrar to the Industrial Court.

29.

Notice of dissolution (1) When a trade union, employers organisation or federation is dissolved, the trade union, employers organisation or federation shall give notice of the dissolution in Form O set out in the Second Schedule which (a) shall be submitted to the Registrar within fourteen days of the resolution to dissolve; and (b) shall be signed (i) by an authorized representative; and (ii) by seven members of a trade union or three members of an employers organisation or federation.

(2) The Registrar shall (a) issue a certificate of dissolution in Form P set out in the Second Schedule; and (b) register the dissolution if satisfied that the dissolution complies with the applicable constitution.

(3) The dissolution of a trade union, employers organisation or federation takes effect from the date of its registration.

30.

Appeals against decision of Registrar Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registrar made under this Act may appeal to the Industrial Court against that decision within thirty days of the decision.

PART IV OFFICIALS AND MEMBERS OF TRADE UNIONS AND EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS 31.

Officials (1) The officials of a trade union or employers organisation shall be persons who are, or have been, engaged or employed in the sector for which the trade union or employers organisation is registered.

(2) No person shall be an official of more than one trade union or employers organisation.

(3) An official of a trade union may also be an official of a federation of trade unions to which the trade union is affiliated.

23 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) (a) the general secretary of a trade union or the chief executive or association secretary of an employers organisation may be a person not engaged or employed in the sector concerned; (b) a person may be an official of more than one employers organisation; and (c) the Registrar may, on application by a trade union or employers organisation, permit any other office to be filled by a person not engaged or employed in the sector concerned.

(5) No person who has been convicted of a criminal offence involving fraud or dishonesty shall be an official of a trade union or employers organisation.

32.

Membership of minors An employee who has not attained the age of eighteen years but appears to be above the apparent age of sixteen years may be a member of (a) a trade union and, unless the constitution provides otherwise, shall enjoy all the rights of a member; and (b) shall not be a member, the executive or a trustee of the trade union.

33.

Voting members of trade union No person shall be a voting member of (a) a trade union unless that person is employed in the sector for which the trade union is registered; (b) an employers organisation unless that person has a physical address or an office in Kenya; or (c) a registered trade union or employers organisation if that persons subscriptions are more than thirteen weeks in arrears.

34.

Election of officials (1) The election of officials of a trade union, employers organisation or federation shall be conducted in accordance with their registered constitutions.

(2) The constitution of a trade union, employers organisation or federation shall (a) not contain a provision that discriminates unfairly between incumbents and other candidates in elections; and (b) provide for the election, by secret ballot, of all officials of a trade union at least once every five years.

(3) Notice of the election of officials under this section shall be given to the Registrar in the prescribed form within fourteen days of the completion of the election.

(4) Disputes arising from, or connected directly or indirectly to, elections held under this section may be referred to the Industrial Court.

[Issue 1] 24 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (5) The Registrar may issue directions to a trade union, employers organisation or federation to ensure that elections are conducted in accordance with this section and their respective constitutions.

35.

Notification of officials (1) A trade union, employers organisation or federation shall exhibit prominently (a) in its registered office, a notice giving the names of all officials and their titles; (b) in every branch office the notice specified in paragraph (a) and in addition, a notice giving the names and titles of the officials of the branch.

(2) Notice of any changes of officials or of the title of any officials shall be submitted to the Registrar in Form Q set out in the Second Schedule, within fourteen days after the change, together with the prescribed fee, and the Registrar shall register the change, subject to subsection (4) and subsection (5).

(3) Before registering any change of officials or correcting any register, the Registrar may require the production of any relevant evidence of the change.

(4) If, after inquiry, the Registrar is not satisfied as to the validity of any appointment or the propriety of any proposed correction, the Registrar may refuse to register the change of officials or to correct the register.

(5) No change of officials shall have effect until it is registered by the Registrar.

(6) No person who is not registered by the Registrar in accordance with this section shall act or purport to act as an official of a trade union, employers organisation, or federation or of any branch.

PART V PROPERTY, FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS OF TRADE UNIONS, EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS AND FEDERATIONS 36.

Trustees (1) The constitution of a trade union, employers organisation and federation shall provide (a) for the appointment or election of at least three trustees; and (b) for the filling of any vacancy in the office of a trustee to ensure that there are at least three trustees at all times.

(2) Subject to section 35, any officer, official or member of a trade union, employers organisation or federation may be a trustee.

(3) No person who has been convicted of a crime involving fraud or dishonesty shall be a trustee.

(4) Any person appointed as a trustee under this section shall comply with the duties and responsibilities of a trustee specified in the Trustees (Perpetual Succession) Act (Cap.

164).

25 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations 37.

Property to be vested in trustees (1) All property, whether movable or immovable, of a registered trade union, employers organisation or federation shall vest in its trustees for the use and benefit of the trade union, employers organisation or federation and its members.

(2) The Minister may, with the consent of the trade union, employers organisation or federation concerned and by notice in the Gazette, authorize the transfer of specified property of that trade union, employers organisation or federation to persons other than its trustees, or for public purposes, other than the use of the trade union, employers organisation or federation and its members, which the Minister may prescribe.

38.

Devolution of property Upon any change in the office of any trustee, the property of a registered trade union, employers organisation or federation shall vest in the trustees for the time being of the union for the same estate and interest as the former trustee or trustees had therein, and subject to the same trusts, without any transfer, conveyance or assignment.

39.

Application of funds Subject to its rules and the provisions of this Act, the funds of a trade union, employers organisation or federation may be used only for the following purposes (a) the payment of salaries, allowances and expenses to its officials; (b) the payment of expenses for the administration of the trade union, employers organisation or federation including auditing of its accounts; (c) the prosecution or defence of any legal proceedings to which the trade union, employers organisation or federation or any member thereof is a party, when the prosecution or defence is undertaken for the purpose of securing or protecting its rights or the rights of any member in any matter concerning employment or the application of any employment law; (d) the conduct of trade disputes on its behalf or on behalf of any member thereof; (e) the compensation of members for loss arising out of trade disputes; (f) the payment of allowances to members or their dependants on account of death, old age, sickness, accidents or unemployment of those members; (g) the payment of subscriptions and fees to any registered federation to which it is affiliated; and (h) subject to any condition determined by the Minister, any other object which the Minister may, on application of any trade union, employers organisation or federation, declare by notice in the Gazette to be an object for which its funds may be expended.

[Issue 1] 26 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations 40.

Prohibition of payment of fines or penalties The funds of a trade union, employers organisation or federation shall not be used, either directly or indirectly, to pay the whole or part of a fine or penalty imposed upon a person by sentence or order of any court, except a fine or penalty imposed upon the union or federation under this Act or its regulations.

41.

Injunction to restrain misuse of funds (1) The Industrial Court may grant an injunction restraining unauthorized or unlawful expenditure of the funds of a trade union, employers organisation or federation on application by the Registrar, or by five or more persons having a sufficient interest in the relief sought.

(2) If, when granting an injunction under this section the Industrial Court cancels the registration of a trade union, employers organisation or federation, the court may order that the funds of that trade union, employers organisation or federation be paid to the public trustee for disposal in accordance with the rules of that trade union, employers organisation or federation.

42.

Treasurer to render accounts (1) In this section, official means the treasurer of a trade union, employers organisation or federation and every other official responsible for the accounts of a trade union, employers organisation or federation for collecting, disbursing, keeping in custody or controlling its funds or moneys.

(2) Every official shall render an accurate account of all moneys received or paid by the official (a) to the trade union, employers organisation or federation and its members (i) upon resigning or vacating office; (ii) at least once in every year at such time as may be specified by the rules of the trade union, employers organisation or federation; and (iii) at any other time required by a resolution of the members of the trade union, employers organisation or federation or by its rules; (b) to the Registrar, when requested by the Registrar.

(3) An account rendered under this section shall specify (a) all amounts received or paid by the official since assuming office or, if the official has previously rendered an account, since the date of the last account; (b) the balance remaining in the possession of the official at the time of rendering the account; and (c) all bonds, securities or other property of the trade union, employers organisation or federation entrusted to the custody of, or under the control of the official.

(4) An account rendered under this section shall be in the Form R set out in the Third Schedule.

27 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (5) The account rendered under this section shall be verified by statutory declaration, and shall be audited by the holder of a practising certificate issued pursuant to section 21 of the Accountants Act, 2008 (Cap.

531).

(6) After the account has been audited, the official shall, if resigning, vacating office or if required by the trustees to do so, forthwith hand over to the trustees of the trade union, employers organisation or federation any balance in the officials possession and all bonds securities, effects, books, papers and property of the trade union, employers organisation or federation in the officials possession or custody or otherwise under the officials control.

(7) Any official of a trade union, employers organisation or federation or any person who (a) neglects or fails to comply with any of the provisions of this section; or (b) willfully makes, orders, causes or procures to be made any false entry in or omission from an account rendered in terms of this section, commits an offence.

[Act No.

15 of 2008, S.

50.] 43.

Annual returns (1) The authorised representative of a registered trade union, employers organisation, or federation shall furnish annually by a prescribed date to the Registrar a general statement of all receipts and expenditure during the year ending 31st December of the preceding year including (a) all sums of money received by way of donations or grants from any local or overseas sources; (b) a list of assistance received from any sources; and (c) a list of the assets and liabilities of the trade union as at 31st December.

(2) The statement specified under subsection (1) shall be accompanied by a copy of the auditors report and shall be prepared in such form and contain such particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) The authorised representative referred to in subsection (1) shall simultaneously furnish to the Registrar (a) an inventory of the trade union or organisations assets; (b) a copy of the rules in force, including all alterations and amendments to the rules, and of all new rules; and (c) a list of all changes of officials during the preceding year.

(4) Every member of a trade union, employers organisation or federation is entitled to receive, free of charge on request, a copy of the general statement referred to in subsection (1).

(5) An authorised representative of any trade union or employers organisation who (a) fails to comply with any of the requirements of this section; [Issue 1] 28 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (b) willfully makes or orders, causes or procures to be made a false entry in or omission from a general statement, copy or list delivered to the Registrar in terms of this section, commits an offence.

44.

Inspection of accounts and records The accounts of a trade union, employers organisation or federation and a list of its members shall be open to inspection by (a) an official or member of a trade union, employers organisation or federation at such times as may be specified in its constitution; and (b) by the Registrar, or any person authorized in writing by the Registrar, at any reasonable time.

45.

Obstructing inspection by Registrar A person who obstructs or impedes the Registrar, or any person authorized by the Registrar, from inspecting the accounts of a trade union, employers organisation or federation or the list of its members commits an offence.

46.

Power to require detailed accounts (1) The Registrar may, at any time, call upon the treasurer, the executive or management board by whatever name called, or any other official of a trade union or employers organisation to render detailed accounts of its funds or the funds of any branch for any period, in the manner and containing such information as the Registrar may require.

(2) A person who fails to comply with a request made by the Registrar under subsection (1) commits an offence.

47.

Misuse of money or property of a trade union (1) The Industrial Court may (a) order any person who has in his possession or control any property of a trade union, employers organisation or federation in violation of its rules or who has unlawfully expended or withheld its moneys, to deliver that property or pay that money to its trustees; and (b) suspend any official who contravenes paragraph (a).

(2) A complaint under this section shall be brought by (a) the Registrar; or (b) a member of a trade union, employers organisation or federation at the time of bringing the complaint of the trade union or employers organisation concerned.

PART VI TRADE UNION DUES, AGENCY FEES AND EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION FEES 48.

Deduction of trade union dues (1) In this Part trade union dues means a regular subscription required to be paid to a trade union by a member of the trade union as a condition of membership.

29 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (2) A trade union may, in the prescribed form, request the Minister to issue an order directing an employer of more than five employees belonging to the union to (a) deduct trade union dues from the wages of its members; and (b) pay monies so deducted (i) into a specified account of the trade union; or (ii) in specified proportions into specified accounts of a trade union and a federation of trade unions.

(3) An employer in respect of whom the Minister has issued an order under subsection (2) shall commence deducting the trade union dues from an employees wages within thirty days of the trade union serving a notice in Form S set out in the Third Schedule signed by the employees in respect of whom the employer is required to make a deduction.

(4) The Minister may vary an order issued under this section on application by the trade union.

(5) An order issued under this section, including an order to vary, revoke or suspend an order, takes effect from the month following the month in which the notice is served on the employer.

(6) An employer may not make any deduction from an employee who has notified the employer in writing that the employee has resigned from the union.

(7) A notice of resignation referred to in subsection (6) takes effect from the month following the month in which it is given.

(8) An employer shall forward a copy of any notice of resignation he receives to the trade union.

49.

Deduction of agency fees from unionisable employees covered by collective agreements (1) A trade union that has concluded a collective agreement registered by the Industrial Court with an employer, group of employers or an employers organisation, setting terms and conditions of service for all unionisable employees covered by the agreement may request the Minister to issue an order requiring any employer bound by the collective agreement to deduct an agency fee from the wages of each unionisable employee covered by the collective agreement who is not a member of the trade union.

(2) A request in accordance with subsection (1) shall (a) be signed by the authorized representatives of the trade union and employer, group of employers or employers organisation; (b) supply a list of all employees prepared by the employer in respect of whom a deduction shall be made; (c) specify the amount of the agency fee, which may not exceed the applicable trade union dues; and (d) specify the trade union account into which the dues shall be paid.

[Issue 1] 30 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (3) An employer in respect of whom the Minister has issued an order as specified in subsection (1) shall commence deducting agency fees from the employees named in the Ministers notice within thirty days of receiving the Ministers notice.

(4) The Minister may vary an order issued under this section on application by the trade union and the employer, group of employers or employers organisation concerned.

(5) A member of a trade union covered by a collective agreement contemplated by subsection (1) who resigns from the union, is immediately liable to have an agency fee deducted from his wages in accordance with this section.

(6) If a collective agreement is implemented retrospectively after registration by the Industrial Court, the agency fee shall be deducted and paid to the trade union for the period of retrospective implementation in accordance with this section.

50.

General provisions applicable to deductions (1) Any amount deducted in accordance with the provisions of this Part shall be paid into the designated trade union, or employers organisation account within ten days of the deduction being made.

(2) The Minister may revoke or suspend a notice issued in accordance with this Part if the Minister has reason to believe that (a) the order was obtained by misrepresentation or fraud; (b) the money is not being paid into the designated account; or (c) the money is being used for a purpose other than the lawful trade union or federation activities.

(3) No amount deducted from the wages of an employee in accordance of this Part may be recovered from the employer by that employee.

(4) Any amount deducted from the wages of a member of a trade union by the members employer in accordance with this section discharges the liability of the member to pay trade union dues.

(5) An employer may set off against any sum payable to a trade union in accordance with this section, the amount of any money over paid by the employer into the account designated by the Minister.

(6) No employer shall make a deduction from the wages of an employee for the purposes of making a payment to any trade union, except in accordance with the provisions of this Part.

(7) A trade union or a trade union federation shall acknowledge receipt of any monies paid to it within fourteen days of receiving the money.

(8) No employer shall (i) fail to comply with an order or a notice issued under this Part; (ii) deduct any money and not pay it into the account designated in the notice issued by the Minister; or (iii) pay money into an account other than the account designated in the notice issued by the Minister.

31 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (9) No person shall (i) request an employer to pay money deducted in accordance with this section into an account other than the account designated by the Minister in the notice; or (ii) use any money deducted in accordance with this section for any purpose other than the lawful activities of a trade union or a trade union federation.

(10) An employer or any person who contravenes the provisions of this section commits an offence.

51.

Collection of levies other than trade union dues The Minister may make regulations providing for the collection from employees and the payment to trade unions and trade union federations by employers of sums in respect of levies, subscriptions or payments, other than trade union dues, for particular purposes or objects approved by the Minister.

52.

Direct payment of trade union dues Nothing in this Part prevents a member of a trade union from paying any dues, levies, subscriptions or other payments authorised by the constitution of the trade union directly to the trade union.

53.

Payments by members to employers organisations An employers organisation may provide in its constitution for its members to (a) pay subscriptions or levies as a condition of their membership of the employers organisation; and (b) to charge its members a fee for services rendered to, and expenses incurred on behalf of the member.

PART VII RECOGNITION OF TRADE UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS 54.

Recognition of trade union by employer (1) An employer, including an employer in the public sector, shall recognise a trade union for purposes of collective bargaining if that trade union represents the simple majority of unionisable employees.

(2) A group of employers, or an employers organisation, including an organisation of employers in the public sector, shall recognise a trade union for the purposes of collective bargaining if the trade union represents a simple majority of unionisable employees employed by the group of employers or the employers who are members of the employers organisation within a sector.

(3) An employer, a group of employers or an employers organisation referred to in subsection (2) and a trade union shall conclude a written recognition agreement recording the terms upon which the employer or employers organisation recognises a trade union.

(4) The Minister may, after consultation with the Board, publish a model recognition agreement.

[Issue 1] 32 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (5) An employer, group of employers or employers association may apply to the Board to terminate or revoke a recognition agreement.

(6) If there is a dispute as to the right of a trade union to be recognised for the purposes of collective bargaining in accordance with this section or the cancellation of recognition agreement, the trade union may refer the dispute for conciliation in accordance with the provisions of Part VIII.

(7) If the dispute referred to in subsection (6) is not settled during conciliation, the trade union may refer the matter to the Industrial Court under a certificate of urgency.

(8) When determining a dispute under this section, the Industrial Court shall take into account the sector in which the employer operates and the model recognition agreement published by the Minister.

55.

Election of trade union representatives (1) Without limiting the matters that may be dealt with in a recognition agreement, a recognition agreement shall provide for trade union members in a workplace to elect from among themselves trade union representatives in accordance with the constitution of the trade union.

(2) A trade union representative elected under subsection (1) is entitled to (a) represent members in grievance and disciplinary hearings at the workplace; and (b) perform any other functions specified in the recognition agreement or constitution of the trade union.

56.

Trade union access to employers premises (1) Without limiting the matters that may be dealt with in a recognition agreement, a recognition agreement shall provide for an employer to grant a trade union reasonable access to the employers premises for officials or authorised representatives of the trade union to pursue the lawful activities of the trade union, including but not limited to (a) recruiting members for the trade union; (b) holding meetings with members of the trade union and other employees outside of working hours; (c) representing members of the trade unions in dealings with the employer; and (d) conducting ballots in accordance with the constitution of the trade union.

(2) An employer may (a) impose reasonable conditions as to the time and place of any rights granted in this section to avoid undue disruption of operations or in the interest of safety; and (b) require officials or trade union representatives requesting access to provide proof of their identity and credentials.

33 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (3) Any dispute concerning the granting of access, or the conditions upon which access is to be granted, may be referred to the Industrial Court under a certificate of urgency.

57.

Collective agreements (1) An employer, group of employers or an employers organisation that has recognised a trade union in accordance with the provisions of this Part shall conclude a collective agreement with the recognised trade union setting out terms and conditions of service for all unionisable employees covered by the recognition agreement.

(2) For the purpose of conducting negotiations under subsection (1), an employer shall disclose to a trade union all relevant information that will allow the trade union to effectively negotiate on behalf of employees.

(3) All the information disclosed by an employer as specified in subsection (2) is confidential and shall not be disclosed by any person to a person who is not engaged in the negotiations.

(4) An employer is not required to disclose information that (a) is legally privileged; (b) the employer cannot disclose without contravening a prohibition imposed on the employer by any law or an order of any court; (c) if disclosed, may cause substantial harm to the employer or employee; or (d) is private personal information relating to an employee, unless an employee consents to the disclosure of that information.

(5) If there is a dispute about what information is required to be disclosed in accordance with the provisions of this section, any party to the dispute may, in writing, refer the dispute to the Minister for conciliation.

(6) If a dispute remains unresolved, after it has been referred to the Minister under subsection (5), any party to the dispute may refer the dispute to the Industrial Court under a certificate of urgency.

(7) In any dispute about an alleged breach of confidentiality, the Industrial Court may order that the right to disclosure of information be withdrawn for a period specified by the court.

(8) No person shall disclose any confidential information disclosed under this section to a person who is not a party to those negotiations.

58.

Alternative dispute resolution (1) An employer, group of employers or employers organisation and a trade union may conclude a collective agreement providing for (a) the conciliation of any category of trade disputes identified in the collective agreement by an independent and impartial conciliator appointed by agreement between the parties; and (b) the arbitration of any category of trade disputes identified in the collective agreement by an independent and impartial arbitrator appointed by the agreement between the parties.

[Issue 1] 34 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (2) A party that has referred a dispute to conciliation in terms of an agreement contemplated in subsection (1) is not required to refer it to the Minister for conciliation.

(3) An award in an arbitration in terms of a collective agreement contemplated in subsection (1) is final and binding and (a) is subject to appeal on points of law to any court; (b) may be set aside by the Industrial Court on any ground recognised in law; or (c) may be enforced by the Industrial Court.

(4) An application to review an arbitration award shall be made to the Industrial Court within thirty days of the award.

59.

Effect of collective agreements (1) A collective agreement binds for the period of the agreement (a) the parties to the agreement; (b) all unionisable employees employed by the employer, group of employers or members of the employers organisation party to the agreement; or (c) the employers who are or become members of an employers organisation party to the agreement, to the extent that the agreement relates to their employees.

(2) A collective agreement shall continue to be binding on an employer or employees who were parties to the agreement at the time of its commencement and includes members who have resigned from that trade union or employers association.

(3) The terms of the collective agreement shall be incorporated into the contract of employment of every employee covered by the collective agreement.

(4) A collective agreement shall be in writing and shall be signed by (a) the chief executive officer of any employer, the chief executive or national secretary of an employers organisation that is a party to the agreement or a representative designated by that person; and (b) the general secretary of any trade union that is a party to the agreement or a representative designated by the general secretary.

(5) A collective agreement becomes enforceable and shall be implemented upon registration by the Industrial Court and shall be effective from the date agreed upon by the parties.

60.

Registration of collective agreement (1) Every collective agreement shall be submitted to the Industrial Court for registration within fourteen days of its conclusion.

(2) The employer or employers organisation which is party to an agreement to be registered under this section shall submit the agreement to the Industrial Court for registration.

35 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (3) If an employer or employers organisation fails to submit the collective agreement to the Industrial Court as specified in subsection (1), the trade union may submit it.

(4) The Industrial Court may request the parties to a collective agreement to supply further information or make oral or written representations to it for the purposes of this section.

(5) The Industrial Court may register an agreement (a) in the form it was submitted by the parties; or (b) with any amendment or modification agreed to by the parties.

(6) The Industrial Court shall not register a collective agreement that (a) conflicts with this Act or any other law; or (b) does not comply with any directives or guidelines concerning wages, salary levels and other conditions of employment issued by the Minister.

(7) The Industrial Court (a) may register a collective agreement within fourteen days of receiving it; (b) may refuse to register a collective agreement unless all parties to the agreement have had an opportunity to make oral representations to the Industrial Court; and (c) shall give reasons for refusing to register any collective agreement.

61.

Terms and conditions of service in the public sector where there is no collective bargaining (1) The Minister may, after consultations with the Board, make regulations establishing machinery for determining terms and conditions of employment for any category of employees in the public sector.

(2) The terms and conditions of employment determined under subsection (1) shall have the same effect as a collective agreement registered under this Part and may be enforced as if it were a collective agreement.

(3) The Minister may (a) determine different terms and conditions for different categories of employees; or (b) not exercise the powers under this section in respect of a category of employees who are represented by a trade union that is entitled to be recognised in terms of this Part.

PART VIII DISPUTE RESOLUTION 62.

Reporting of trade disputes to the Minister (1) A trade dispute may be reported to the Minister in the prescribed form and manner (a) by or on behalf of a trade union, employer or employers organisation that is a party to the dispute; and [Issue 1] 36 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (b) by the authorised representative of an employer, employers organisation or trade union on whose behalf the trade dispute is reported.

(2) A person reporting a trade dispute shall (a) serve a copy by hand or registered post on each party to the dispute and any other person having a direct interest in the dispute; and (b) satisfy the Minister that a copy has been served on each party to the dispute by hand or by registered post.

(3) A trade dispute concerning the dismissal or termination of an employee shall be reported to the Minister within (a) ninety days of the dismissal; or (b) any longer period that the Minister, on good cause, permits.

(4) If the issue in dispute concerns the redundancy of one or more employees, a trade union may report a trade dispute to the Minister at any stage after the employer has given notice of its intention to terminate the employment of any employee on grounds of redundancy.

(5) The reporting of a trade dispute by a trade union under subsection (4) does not prevent an employer from declaring employees redundant on the expiry of notice of intention to declare the employees redundant.

63.

Respondent may file replying statement (1) Every party to a trade dispute referred to in section 62 shall file a replying statement in the prescribed form and manner with the Minister within fourteen days of receiving a copy of the report of the dispute.

(2) The failure by a party to file a replying statement does not affect the validity of a referral.

64.

Interested party may file statement of interest Any party which has an interest in any dispute may file a statement with the Minister within fourteen days of receiving a copy of the referral.

65.

Minister to appoint conciliators (1) Within twenty-one days of a trade dispute being reported to the Minister as specified under section 62, the Minister shall appoint a conciliator to attempt to resolve the trade dispute unless (a) the conciliation procedures in an applicable collective agreement binding on the parties to the dispute have not been exhausted; or (b) a law or collective agreement binding upon the parties prohibits negotiation on the issue in dispute.

(2) The Minister may require any party to a trade dispute to supply further information for the purpose of deciding whether to appoint a conciliator.

(3) If the Minister refuses to appoint a conciliator as specified in subsection (1), the Minister shall supply the parties to the dispute with written reasons for that decision.

37 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (4) Where a party is aggrieved by a Ministers decision under this section, that party may refer the matter to the Industrial Court under a certificate of urgency.

(5) The Minister may consult the Board on any trade dispute, which has been reported for conciliation.

66.

Persons appointed to conciliate (1) A person appointed to conciliate a dispute under this Part shall be (a) a public officer; (b) any other person drawn from a panel of conciliators appointed by the Minister after consulting the Board; or (c) a conciliator from the Conciliation and Mediation Commission.

(2) If the Minister appoints a conciliation committee to conciliate a trade dispute, the Minister shall appoint (a) a chairperson in accordance with subsection (1); (b) an even number of persons drawn equally from lists submitted to the Minister by the employer and trade union representatives respectively on the Board; and (c) the secretary of the conciliation committee.

67.

Conciliators powers to resolve dispute (1) The conciliator or conciliation committee appointed under section 66 shall attempt to resolve the trade dispute referred to in section 65(1) within (a) thirty days of the appointment; or (b) any extended period agreed to by parties to the trade dispute.

(2) For the purposes of resolving any trade dispute, the conciliator or conciliation committee may (a) mediate between the parties; (b) conduct a fact-finding exercise; and (c) make recommendations or proposals to the parties for settling the dispute.

(3) For the purposes of resolving any trade dispute, the conciliator or conciliation committee may (a) summon any person to attend a conciliation; (b) summon any person who is in possession or control of any information, book, document or object relevant to resolving the trade dispute to appear at the conciliation; or (c) question any person present at a conciliation.

(4) The Minister shall pay the prescribed witness fee to any person who appears before a conciliator or conciliation committee in response to a summons issued under subsection (3).

[Issue 1] 38 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (5) No person shall without good cause fail to (a) comply with a summons issued under subsection (3); (b) produce any book, document or item specified in a summons issued under subsection (3); or (c) answer any relevant question asked by a conciliator or conciliation commission under subsection (3).

68.

Dispute resolved after conciliation (1) If a trade dispute is settled in conciliation the terms of the agreement shall be (a) recorded in writing; and (b) signed by the parties and the conciliator.

(2) A signed copy of the agreement shall be lodged with the Minister as soon as it is practicable.

69.

Dispute unresolved after conciliation A trade dispute is deemed to be unresolved after conciliation if the (a) conciliator issues a certificate that the dispute has not been resolved by conciliation; or (b) thirty day period from the appointment of the conciliator, or any longer period agreed to by the parties, expires.

70.

Minister may appoint conciliator in public interest (1) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the public interest to prevent a dispute from arising or to resolve a dispute, the Minister may appoint a conciliator or conciliation committee to attempt to present a dispute or resolve the dispute.

(2) The Minister may appoint a conciliator or conciliation committee under subsection (1) (a) in respect of a dispute that (i) has not been referred to conciliation; or (ii) is unresolved after conciliation; (b) irrespective of whether (i) a trade union is a party to the dispute or not; or (ii) the dispute is in the public or private sector.

71.

Committee of inquiry The Minister may appoint a committee of inquiry to investigate any trade dispute and report to the Minister.

72.

Exercise of powers of the Minister The Minister may delegate his powers under this Part to the Commissioner for Labour or the Chief Industrial Relations Officer.

39 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations PART IX ADJUDICATION OF DISPUTES 73.

Referral of dispute to Industrial Court (1) If a trade dispute is not resolved after conciliation, a party to the dispute may refer it to the Industrial Court in accordance with the rules of the Industrial Court.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), if a trade dispute (a) is one in respect of which a party may call a protected strike or lock- out, the dispute may only be referred to the Industrial Court by an aggrieved party that has made a demand in respect of an employment matter or the recognition of a trade union which has not been acceded to by the other party to the dispute; or (b) is in an essential service, the Minister may, in addition, refer the dispute to the Industrial Court.

(3) A trade dispute may only be referred to the Industrial Court by the authorised representative of an employer, group of employers, employers organisation or trade union.

74.

Urgent referrals to Industrial Court A trade union may refer a dispute to the Industrial Court as a matter of urgency if the dispute concerns (a) the recognition of a trade union in accordance with section 62; or (b) a redundancy where (i) the trade union has already referred the dispute for conciliation under section 62(4); or (ii) the employer has retrenched employees without giving notice; or (c) employers and employees engaged in an essential service.

75.

Arbitration Act does not to apply The Arbitration Act (No.

4 of 1995) shall not apply to any proceedings before the Industrial Court.

PART X STRIKES AND LOCK-OUTS 76.

Protected strikes and lock-outs A person may participate in a strike or lock-out if (a) the trade dispute that forms the subject of the strike or lock-out concerns terms and conditions of employment or the recognition of a trade union; (b) the trade dispute is unresolved after conciliation (i) under this Act; or (ii) as specified in a registered collective agreement that provides for the private conciliation of disputes; and [Issue 1] 40 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (c) seven days written notice of the strike or lock-out has been given to the other parties and to the Minister by the authorised representative of (i) the trade union, in the case of a strike; (ii) the employer, group of employers of employers organisation, in the case of a lock-out.

77.

Powers of Industrial Court (1) A party to a dispute that has received notice of a strike or lock-out may apply to the Industrial Court to prohibit the strike or lock-out as a matter of urgency if (a) the strike or lock-out is prohibited under this Part; or (b) the party that issued the notice has failed to participate in conciliation in good faith with a view to resolving the dispute.

(2) A party that failed to attend any conciliation meeting may not seek relief under subsection (1)(b).

(3) The Industrial Court may, in granting relief in respect of any application made under subsection (1)(b), direct the parties to engage in further conciliation in good faith with a view to resolving the dispute.

78.

Prohibited strikes or lock-outs (1) No person shall take part in a strike or lock-out or in any conduct in contemplation of a strike or lock-out if (a) any law, court award or a collective agreement or recognition agreement binding on that person prohibits a strike or lock-out in respect of the issue in dispute; (b) the subject matter of the strike or lock-out is regulated by a collective agreement or recognition agreement binding on the parties to the dispute; (c) the parties have agreed to refer the trade dispute to the Industrial Court or to arbitration; (d) in the case of a dispute concerning the recognition of a trade union, the trade union has referred the matter to the Industrial Court; (e) the trade dispute was not referred for conciliation in terms of (i) this Act; or (ii) a collective agreement providing for conciliation; (f) the employer and employees are engaged in an essential service; (g) the strike or lock-out is not in furtherance of a trade dispute; or (h) the strike or lock-out constitutes a sympathetic strike or lock-out.

(2) For the purposes of this section (a) an employee engages in a sympathetic strike if the employee participates in a strike in support of a trade dispute in respect of which the employees employer (i) is not a party to the dispute; or 41 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations (ii) is not represented by an employers organisation that is a party to that dispute; or (b) an employer engages in a sympathetic lock-out if the employer locks-out an employee in support of a trade dispute (i) to which the employer is not a party; or (ii) in respect of which the employer is not represented by an employers organisation that is a party to dispute.

79.

Strike or lock-out in compliance with this Act (1) In this Part, a protected strike means a strike that complies with the provisions of this Part and protected lock-out means a lock-out that complies with the provisions of this Part.

(2) A person does not commit a breach of contract or a tort by taking part in (a) a protected strike or a protected lock-out; or (b) any lawful conduct in contemplation or furtherance of a protected strike or a protected lock-out.

(3) An employer may not dismiss or take disciplinary action against an employee for participating in a protected strike or for any conduct in contemplation or furtherance of a protected strike.

(4) Civil proceedings may not be instituted against any person for (a) participating in a protected strike or a protected lock-out; or (b) any conduct in furtherance of a protected strike or protected lock- out.

(5) Subsections (2), (3) and (4) do not apply to any action that constitutes an offence.

(6) An employer is not obliged to remunerate an employee for services that the employee does not render during a protected strike or lock-out.

80.

Strike or lock-out not in compliance with this Act (1) An employee who takes part in, calls, instigates or incites others to take part in a strike that is not in compliance with this Act is deemed to have breached the employees contract and (a) is liable to disciplinary action; and (b) is not entitled to any payment or any other benefit under the Employment Act during the period the employee participated in the strike.

(2) A person who refuses to take part or to continue to take part in any strike or lock-out that is not in compliance with this Act may not be (a) expelled from any trade union, employers organisation or other body or deprived of any right or benefit as a result of that refusal; or (b) placed under any disability or disadvantaged, compared to other members or the trade union, employers organisation or other body as a result of that refusal.

[Issue 1] 42 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (3) Any issue concerning whether any strike or lock-out or threatened strike or lock-out complies with the provisions of this Act may be referred to the Industrial Court.

81.

Essential services (1) In this Part essential services means a service the interruption of which would probably endanger the life of a person or health of the population or any part of the population.

(2) The Minister, after consultation with the Board (a) shall from time to time, amend the list of essential services contained in the Fourth Schedule; and (b) may declare any other service an essential service for the purpose of this section if a strike or lock-out is so prolonged as to endanger the life, person or health of the population or any part of the population.

(3) There shall be no strike or lock-out in an essential service.

(4) Any trade dispute in a service that is listed as or is declared to be an essential service may be adjudicated upon by the Industrial Court.

(5) A collective agreement may provide that any service may be deemed to be an essential service.

PART XI MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 82.

General penalty (1) The Industrial Court has jurisdiction in respect of any prosecution for an offence under this Act.

(2) A trade union, employers organisation or federation which is convicted for an offence under this Act shall be liable to pay a fine not exceeding forty thousand shillings.

(3) A person who commits an offence under this Act shall on conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand shillings.

83.

Regulations The Minister may, after consultations with the Board, make regulations on any matter for the better carrying out of the provisions of this Act.

84.

Repeal of Cap.

233 and Cap.

234 (1) The Trade Unions Act and the Trade Disputes Act are repealed.

(2) Transitional provisions dealing with the transition from the Trade Unions Act and the Trade Disputes Act to this Act are contained in the Fifth Schedule.

43 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations FIRST SCHEDULE [Sections 14 and 15.] MATTERS FOR WHICH PROVISION MUST BE MADE IN THE CONSTITUTION OF TRADE UNION OR EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION 1.

The name of the trade union or employers organisation and the place of meeting for the business of the trade union or employers organisation.

2.

The whole of the objects for which the trade union is to be established, the purposes for which the funds thereof shall be applicable, the conditions under which any member thereof may become entitled to any benefit assured thereby, and the fines and forfeitures to be imposed on any member thereof.

3.

The manner of making, altering, amending and rescinding the constitution.

4.

The appointment or election and removal of an executive, and of trustees, secretaries, treasurers and other officers of the trade union or employers organisation.

5.

The custody and investment of the funds of the trade union or employers organisation, the designation of the officer or officers responsible therefor, and the annual or periodical audit of its accounts.

6.

The inspection of the books and names of members of the trade union or employers organisation by any person having an interest in the funds of the trade union.

7.

The manner of dissolution of the trade union or employers organisation and the disposal of the funds thereof available at the time of the dissolution.

8.

The taking of all decisions in respect of the election of officials, the amendment of the constitution, strikes, lock-outs, dissolution and any other matters affecting members of the trade union or employers organisation generally, by secret ballot.

9.

The right of any member to reasonable opportunity to vote.

10.

The amount of subscription and fees payable by members, and the discrimination of a member from voting on any matter concerning the union and from receiving benefits if the members subscription is in arrear.

11.

The conditions under which a person may become an honorary member.

12.

That the secretary and treasurer of the trade union or employers organisation shall be persons sufficiently literate in the English or Swahili language to be able adequately to perform the duties of such office.

[Issue 1] 44 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULE [Section 18.] Form A LABOUR RELATIONS ACT APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNION/EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION/FEDERATION To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below being members of a trade union/employers organisation/federation known as.

, make application for the registration of the trade union/employers organisation/ federation.

2.

The trade union/employers organisation/federation was established on the ., 20.

3.

The name under which it is proposed that the trade union/employers organisation/federation shall be registered is.

4.

(1) The physical address of the registered office of the trade union is at.

(2) The postal address of the trade union/employers organisation/ federation, to which all communications and notices may be addressed, is.

5.

Accompanying this application are sent (a) a copy, marked A, of the constitution of the trade union/employers organisation/federation; (b) a list, marked B, of the names, identity certificate numbers, address and occupations of the members making this application; and (c) a list, marked C, of the titles, names, identity certificate numbers, addresses and occupations of the Officials of the trade union/employers organisation/federation.

6.

We have been duly authorised by the trade union/employers organisation/federation to make this application on its behalf, such authorisation consisting of*.

.

Dated the.

, 20.

[Signed] 1.

.

.

2.

.

.

3.

.

.

45 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued 4.

.

.

5.

.

.

6.

.

.

7.

.

.

NOTE: (a) This application, to which must be affixed revenue stamps to the value of Sh.

20, must be signed by at least seven members of the trade union/employers organisation/federation.

(b) The enclosures referred to in paragraph 5 should be typewritten or printed.

* In paragraph 6 it must be stated whether the authority to make this application was given by a resolution of a general meeting of the trade union/employers organisation/federation or, if not, in what other way it was given.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 19.] Form B CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION It is notified that the.

has been registered under the Labour Relations Act.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 19.] Form C REGISTER Registry No.

.

File Ref.

.

Name of Trade Union/Employers Organisation/Federation.

Physical Location of Registered Office.

.

.

(Building, Street/Road) [Issue 1] 46 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued Postal Address of Registered Office.

.

.

(Telephone/Fax/e-mail) Date of Date of Date of Date of Period of Date of formation registration cancellation suspension suspension registration of registration of of registration dissolution Officials, Executive Committee and Trustees Title Full Name Date of Appointment Date of Removal Voting Membership as at 31st December of Each Year Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Males Females Total LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 20.] Form D NOTIFICATION OF REFUSAL OF REGISTRATION It is notified that the registration of.

as a trade union/employers organisation/federation under the Labour Relations Act is refused.

The grounds of the refusal are as follows.

.

47 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued.

.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE: Upon receipt of this notice, reference should be made to section 20 of the Labour Relations Act.

Subsection (2) of that section sets out the provisions which have effect upon the refusal of the Registrar to register a trade union/employers organisation/federation.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 24.] Form E NOTICE OF REGISTERED OFFICE AND POSTAL ADDRESS/ CHANGE OF SITUATION OF REGISTERED OFFICE OR OF POSTAL ADDRESS To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

The*.

gives you notice that the physical address of the registered office of the trade union/employers organisation/federation has been changed from.

to.

the postal address/telephone/e-mail of the trade union/employers organisation/ federation has been changed from.

to.

.

.

Dated the ., 20.

.

[Signed] General Secretary/Secretary-General * Enter name of trade union/employers organisation/federation.

Delete whichever is inapplicable.

NOTE: (a) It is an offence, under section 24 of the Labour Relations Act for any trade union/employers organisation/federation to (i) operate at any place to which its registered office may have been removed without having given notice of the change in the situation thereof to the Registrar; or (ii) fail to give notice of any change of its postal address.

(b) The notice should be signed by the general secretary of the trade union/employers organisation/federation.

[Issue 1] 48 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 25.] Form F APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION OF A BRANCH OF A TRADE UNION/EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION/FEDERATION To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

I, the General Secretary of the.

make application for the registration of the.

Branch.

2.

The Branch was established on the ., 20.

3.

(1) The physical address of the registered office of the Branch is at.

.

(2) The postal address of the Branch to which all direct communications and notices may be addressed is.

4.

Accompanying this application is sent a list marked A of the titles, names in full, ages, addresses and occupations of the Officers/Officials of the Branch.

5.

I have been duly authorized by my executive committee to make this application.

Dated the ., 20.

Signed.

General Secretary of.

Trade Union/Employers Organisation/Federation.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 26.] Form G NOTICE OF AMALGAMATION To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being the general secretaries and members of the trade unions/employers organisation/federation registered under the names of (1).

(2).

(3).

49 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued give you notice pursuant to section 26 of the Labour Relations Act that it is proposed to amalgamate together the trade unions/employers organisation/federation as one trade union/employers organisation/ federation under the name of.

2.

Each trade union/employers organisation/federation, which is a party to this amalgamation, has taken a secret ballot among its voting members in the manner prescribed by its constitution.

Signed copies of the certificates of the results of the ballots are attached hereto.

Dated the ., 20.

.

.

.

Trade Union/Employers Trade Union/Employers Trade Union/Employers Organisation/Federation Organisation/Federation Organisation/Federation [Signed].

.

.

general secretary general secretary general secretary 1.

.

1.

.

1.

.

2.

.

2.

.

2.

.

3.

.

3.

.

3.

.

4.

.

4.

.

4.

.

5.

.

5.

.

5.

.

6.

.

6.

.

6.

.

7.

.

7.

.

7.

.

NOTE: (a) The certificates referred to in paragraph 2 must be in the prescribed form (see the Labour Relations Act, the amalgamation cannot be proceeded with unless, in the case of each trade union, the votes of at least 50 per cent of the members entitled to vote are recorded at the ballot and, or the votes recorded, those in favour of the proposed exceed by 20 per cent or more the votes against the proposal).

(b) This notice must be signed by the general secretary and seven members of each trade union/employers organisation/federation which is party to the amalgamation.

(c) The amalgamation will not have effect until the Registrar has registered the trade union/employers organisation/federation formed thereby in the prescribed manner.

[Issue 1] 50 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 26.] Form H CERTIFICATE OF AMALGAMATION It is notified that the.

has been registered under the Labour Relations Act on the.

day of ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 27.] Form I NOTICE OF AMENDMENT OF CONSTITUTION OF RULES To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being the secretary and seven members of the trade union/employers organisation/federation registered under the name of.

give you notice of amendment of the constitution of the aforesaid trade union/employers organisation/federation.

2.

With this application are sent (a) a copy of the registered constitution of the trade union/employers organisation/federation; (b) a copy, of the amended constitution, signed by the person giving this notice; and (c) a copy of the minutes of the meeting at which the amendment was made, certified as true by the chairman of that meeting.

3.

We have been duly authorized by the trade union/employers organisation/federation to give this notice on its behalf, such authorization consisting of a resolution passed at a general meeting of the trade union/employers organisation/federation on the ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

General Secretary/Secretary-General 51 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members 4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 27.] Form J NOTICE OF CHANGE OF NAME To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being the general secretary and seven members of the trade union/employers organisation/federation registered under the name of.

give you notice pursuant to section 27 of the Labour Relations Act that it is proposed to change the name of the trade union/employers organisation/federation to.

2.

The proposed change of name has the consent of not less than two-thirds of the total number of voting members of the trade union/employers organisation/federation, such consent having been obtained by secret ballot taken in accordance with the rules of the trade union/ employers organisation/federation on the ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

General Secretary/Secretary General 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members 4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

NOTE: (a) A trade union/employers organisation/federation may not change its name without the consent of at least two-thirds of the total number of its voting members, and such consent must be obtained by secret ballot conducted in accordance with the rules of the trade union/employers organisation/federation.

[Issue 1] 52 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued (b) This notice must be signed by the general secretary and by seven members of the trade union/employers organisation/federation.

(c) The change of name will not have effect until registered by the Registrar.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 27.] Form K CERTIFICATE OF CHANGE OF NAME It is notified that the.

has been registered under the Labour Relations Act on the.

day of ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 27.] Form L CERTIFICATE OF ALTERATION OF CONSTITUTION It is certified that the foregoing alteration(s) of the constitution of the.

.

has [have] been registered pursuant to section 27 of the Labour Relations Act.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE: (a) Two copies of this notice (with enclosures) must be sent to the Registrar within fourteen days of any alteration of the constitution.

(b) This notice must be accompanied by the prescribed registration fee.

(c) Alterations in the constitution of a trade union/employers organisation/federation have effect from the date of registration thereof by the Registrar unless some later date is specified in the rules.

53 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 28.] Form M NOTICE OF INTENTION TO SUSPEND OR CANCEL REGISTRATION OF A TRADE UNION/EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION/FEDERATION To:.

.

I give you notice, pursuant to section 28 of the Labour Relations Act, that on the expiry of three months from the date thereof I propose to suspend/cancel the registration of.

as a trade union/employers organisation/federation under the Act unless, before the expiration of that period, cause is shown to my satisfaction why the registration should not be suspended/cancelled.

The grounds on which I propose to suspend/cancel the registration are.

.

.

.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 28.] Form N ORDER OF SUSPENSION/CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION It is notified that the registration of.

as a trade union/employers organisation/federation under the Labour Relations Act be and is hereby suspended/cancelled and the grounds of the suspension/cancellation are as follows (a) (i).

(ii).

(iii).

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions [Issue 1] 54 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued NOTE: Upon service of this order, reference should be made to section 23 of the Labour Relations Act, which sets out the provisions which have effect upon the suspension or cancellation of registration of a trade union/employers organisation/federation.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 29.] Form O NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

Notice is given that the *.

was dissolved in pursuance of the rules on the ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

4.

.

Members 5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

Name and address to which registered copy is to be returned.

.

* Enter name of trade union/employers organisation/federation.

NOTE: (a) Two copies of this notice, signed by the secretary and by seven members of the trade union, must be sent to the Registrar within fourteen days of the dissolution.

(b) The dissolution of a trade union/employers organisation/ federation has effect from the date of its registration by the Registrar.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 29.] Form P CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION It is certified that the dissolution of the.

has this day been registered pursuant to section 29 of the Labour Relations Act.

55 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Registrar of Trade Unions LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 35.] Form Q NOTICE OF CHANGE OF NAMES OR TITLES OF OFFICERS/OFFICIALS To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

The *.

gives you notice that the names [titles] of the Officials of the trade union/employers organisation/ federation specified in the first column hereunder have been altered to those specified in the second column, with effect from the date specified in the third column.

Old name and title New name and title Effective date of alteration Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

General Secretary/Secretary General * Enter name of trade union/employers organisation/federation.

NOTE: (a) Notice of all changes of officers/officials or of the title of any officer/official must be sent to the Registrar within fourteen days after such change.

(b) This notice must be signed by the secretary of the trade union/ employers organisation/federation and must be accompanied by the prescribed registration fee.

[Issue 1] 56 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations THIRD SCHEDULE [Section 42.] LABOUR RELATIONS ACT Form R THE GENERAL STATEMENT OF STATUS OF TRADE UNION/EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION/FEDERATION AND ITS ACCOUNTS Annual Return of.

for the year ended 31st December, 20.

Particulars of the Trade Union/Employers Organisation/Federation 1.

Physical location of registered office.

.

2.

Postal address.

.

3.

Has the trade union/employers organisation/federation any branches? If so, state the situation of, and number of members in, each branch.

.

4.

In what trade or calling are the members of the trade union/employers organisation/federation chiefly employed?.

.

.

5.

Total number of male voting members at 31st December, 20.

Total number of female voting members at 31st December, 20.

Total * Enter name of trade union/employers organisation/federation.

PARTICULARS OF THE OFFICER/OFFICIALS AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE TRADE UNION AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 20.

Title of Name in full Address Date of officer/official appointment It is certified as follows (a) none of the above-mentioned officer/officials has been convicted of any crime involving fraud or dishonesty; (b) none of the above-mentioned officer/officials is an officer/official of any other trade union/employers organisation/federation; 57 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations THIRD SCHEDULEcontinued (c) all the above-mentioned officials (except the secretary and .) are actually engaged in the industry or occupation of.

with which this trade union/employers organisation/federation is directly concerned, the said.

having become office bearers on the ., 20.

with the permission of the Registrar pursuant to section 34 of the Act.

PARTICULARS OF TRUSTEES Name in full Address Date of appointment PARTICULARS OF ASSETS AS PER THE TRUSTEES Title No.

Description Date of Acquisition Current Status INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 20.

INCOME EXPENDITURE Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts.

(1) Members (1) Benefits paid to contributions members.

(including those of (2) Working expenses branch members): (a) head office (a) subscriptions (b) branches (b) entrance fees (c) other (3) Other expenditure (to contributions from be specified) members (to be.

specified).

.

.

.

.

.

(2) Bank interest: (4) Balance of general funds at the end of the year [Issue 1] 58 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations THIRD SCHEDULEcontinued INCOME EXPENDITURE Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts.

(3) Miscellaneous income (to be shown in detail):.

.

.

Total Balance brought forward from previous year TOTAL TOTAL BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 20.

LIABILITIES ASSETS Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts.

AUDITORS REPORT The undersigned, having had access to all the books and accounts of the trade union/employers organisation/federation (including its branches), and having examined the Annual Return and verified the same with the accounts and vouchers relating thereto, now sign the same as found to be correct, duly vouched, and in accordance with law.

.

.

[Signature of First Auditor] [Signature of Second Auditor] 59 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations THIRD SCHEDULEcontinued Address.

Address.

.

.

Profession.

Profession.

Date of completion of audit.

, 20.

Dated the.

, 20.

[Signed].

General Secretary/Secretary-General To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

NOTE: (a) This return is required to be furnished to the Registrar by the General Secretary of every registered trade union/employers organisation/federation on or before the first day of April of the year immediately following that in respect of which the return is rendered.

(b) This return should be accompanied by (i) a copy, marked A, of the constitution of the trade union in force at the end of the year; (ii) a copy, marked B, of all alterations and amendments of the constitution, made during the year; and (iii) a list, marked C, of all changes of officer/officials made during that year.

LABOUR RELATIONS ACT [Section 48.] Form S NOTICE TO EMPLOYER AUTHORIZING DEDUCTIONS To:.

.

1.

In pursuance of an order made with effect from.

by the Minister under section 48 of the Labour Relations Act, I, on behalf of the.

(trade union), hereby request you to deduct from the wages of the employees listed in this Notice, being employees who have acknowledged membership of the.

(trade union), the sum of shillings.

monthly as their current trade union dues.

2.

The total amount of deduction so made is required to be proportioned and transmitted as follows: (a).

per cent thereof to the.

(trade union) by crossed cheque made payable into the.

account of that trade union at the.

Bank.

[Issue 1] 60 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations THIRD SCHEDULEcontinued (b).

per cent thereof to the.

(federation) by crossed cheque made payable into the.

account of that federation at the.

Bank.

3.

(1) The remittances should be made, and notices thereof should be delivered, not later than the.

day of the month next after the month in respect of which the deductions are made.

(2) Notices of remittances should be delivered to the.

(trade union) at.

(address), and to the.

(federation) at.

(address).

(3) The above-named trade union and federation are required by section 50 of the Labour Relations Act to deliver a receipt for every remittance within fourteen days of receipt of notice of such remittance.

(4) The employer to whom this notice is addressed is required to make returns to the Registrar of Trade Unions of all payments made hereunder, in accordance with the order of the Minister.

4.

This notice applies to employees wages payable by you at the end of the month next following the month shown in the date hereof.

Date ., 20.

.

Secretary-General.

Trade union COPY TO: Registrar of Trade Unions, P.

O.

Box 30031, Nairobi.

Employees in respect of whom deductions from wages are required to be made We, the undersigned, hereby acknowledge that we are members of the.

.

(trade union): Union Membership Name of Members Signatures Date Number 61 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations FOURTH SCHEDULE [Section 81.] ESSENTIAL SERVICES 1.

Water Supply Services.

2.

Hospital Services.

3.

Air Traffic Control Services and Civil Aviation Telecommunications Services.

4.

Fire Services of the Government or Public Institutions.

5.

Posts Authority and Local Government Authorities.

6.

Ferry Services.

FIFTH SCHEDULE [Section 84.] TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 1.

Existing trade unions, employers organisations and federations (1) A trade union, employers organisation or federation registered under the Trade Unions Act before the commencement of this Act, shall be deemed to be registered under this Act.

(2) As soon as practical after the commencement of this Act, the Registrar shall (a) enter the names of existing trade unions, employers organisations and federations into the registers as specified in section 19 of this Act; (b) issue a certificate of registration in accordance with section 19 of this Act.

(3) If any provision of a constitution of a trade union, employers organisation or federation does not comply with the requirements of this Act, the trade union, employers organisation or federation shall amend its constitution and submit the amendments to the Registrar within six months of the commencement of this Act.

(4) The provisions of section 19 of this Act apply to an amendment made under subparagraph (3).

2.

Pending application for registration (1) Any pending application for registration, alteration of the name of a constitution, or amalgamation shall be deemed to have been made under this Act.

(2) When dealing with an application referred to in subparagraph (1), the Registrar may require the applicant to amend its application in order to comply with the provisions of this Act.

[Issue 1] 62 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations (3) Any collective agreement registered by the Industrial Court prior to the commencement of this Act and still in effect at the commencement of this Act is deemed to have been registered in terms of this Act and shall be have the status of a registered collective agreement under this Act.

(4) Where any of the following matters commenced before the commencement of this Act, the matters shall be determined in a accordance with the provisions of the Trade Disputes Act (now repealed) (a) any trade dispute that arose before the commencement of this Act; (b) any trade dispute referred to the Industrial Court before the commencement of this Act; (c) any revision or interpretation of an award by the Industrial Court; and (d) any summary dismissal that took place before the commencement of this Act.

63 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] NO.

14 OF 2007 LABOUR RELATIONS ACT SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION List of Subsidiary Legislation Page 1.

Trade Unions Regulations.

67 2.

Trade Unions (Appeals) Rules.

83 3.

Trade Unions (Accounts) Regulations.

85 4.

Trade Unions Tribunal (Procedure) Regulations.

93 5.

Trade Disputes (Levies and Subscriptions other than Trade Union Dues) Regulations.

97 6.

Collection of Subscription (Kenya Local Government Workers Union) Order, 1992.

101 7.

Kenya Union of Kenya Civil Servants.

103 65 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] Regulations Under Section 54 TRADE UNIONS REGULATIONS [G.N.

778/1952, G.N.

754/1953, L.N.

6/1961, L.N.

328/1964, L.N.133/1975.] 1.

These Regulations may be cited as the Trade Unions Regulations.

FORM OF REGISTER, CERTIFICATES, APPLICATIONS AND NOTICES 2.

(1) Every register, certificate, order, application and notice under the Act shall be kept, issued, made or given in the appropriate form set out in the First Schedule.

(2) The number of copies to be submitted of any such application or notice, if more than one, shall be as stated in the form of such application or notice set out in the First Schedule.

(3) Any authority or person having power to issue any certificate under the Act shall, on it being proved to his satisfaction that such certificate has been lost or destroyed and on payment of the prescribed fee, issue a duplicate of the certificate to the person entitled thereto.

REGISTER OF TRADE UNIONS 3.

The particulars to be recorded in the register shall be those specified in Form A in the First Schedule.

4.

(1) The manner of registering a trade union shall be by entering in the register the name of the trade union, the situation and postal address of its registered office, the titles and names of its officers, and the date of the registration.

(2) The manner of registering a change of name of a trade union shall be by deleting the name under which such trade union has been registered in the register and by substituting therefor the new name of the trade union.

5.

(1) The register and any documents in connection therewith shall be open to inspection by the public, during the hours in which the office of the Registrar is open to the public, upon payment of the prescribed fee.

(2) Copies of or extracts from the register or documents in the custody of the Registrar may be obtained by any person giving reasonable notice and upon payment of the prescribed fees.

ANNUAL RETURNS 6.

(1) The general statement referred to in subsection (1) of section 47 of the Act shall be furnished to the Registrar on or before the first day of April in each year.

(2) The general statement shall be in the form, and comprise the particulars specified, in the Second Schedule and shall be audited in the manner shown in the form of Auditors Report contained in that Schedule.

AMALGAMATION OF TRADE UNIONS 7.

A registered trade union, when proposing to amalgamate with one or more other trade unions in the manner provided by section 32 of the Act, shall take steps fully to inform, in a suitable manner, all members concerned as to (a) the reasons for the proposed amalgamation; 67 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] (b) the proposed conditions under which the amalgamation will take place; and (c) the time and place at which the secret ballot will be held.

8.

A notice, giving the particulars specified in regulation 7, shall be posted in the registered office of the trade union and in every branch office thereof at least two weeks before the secret ballot is held, and shall remain so posted until the secret ballot has been concluded.

9.

The procedure to be followed in taking the secret ballot shall be as follows (a) the ballot shall be conducted jointly by an officer of the trade union and a representative chosen by the members; (b) the persons responsible for conducting the ballot shall be furnished with (i) a list of the members entitled to vote thereat; (ii) an adequate supply of ballot papers in the form in the Third Schedule and not marked in any way whatsoever so as to identify the person voting; and (iii) a suitable ballot box fitted with lock and key, (c) arrangements shall be made to enable each member concerned, at places adjacent to the ballot box, to obtain a ballot paper and to mark it, screened from observation, before depositing it in the box; (d) the name of each member to whom a ballot paper is handed out shall be marked off on the list of members concerned by the person handing out the ballot papers; (e) the member shall, after marking the paper, fold it so as to cover the marking and deposit it in the ballot box; (f) the ballot papers shall be examined and the votes shall be counted by the persons conducting the ballot, and certificates of the result of the ballot, in the form in the Third Schedule shall be signed jointly by them; and a signed copy of the certificate shall (i) be posted in the registered office of the trade union and in every branch office thereof for a period of not less than one week after the conclusion of the secret ballot; (ii) be attached to the notice of amalgamation sent to the Registrar under subsection (1) of section 33 of the Act, which notice shall be in Form K in the First Schedule.

10.

In the event of disagreement as regards the interpretation or application of the above provisions relating to amalgamation or the procedure for taking a secret ballot, the matter shall be referred to the Registrar, who may, if he thinks fit, conduct the secret ballot himself.

NOTICE OF CHANGE OF RULES 11.

Whenever a trade union changes its rules, notice of that change in Form M in the First Schedule, signed by the secretary and by seven members of the trade union authorised in that behalf by resolution passed at a general meeting of the trade union, shall be sent to the Registrar within seven days of the change, and shall be accompanied by a copy of the minutes of the meeting at which the change was made, certified as a true copy by the chairman of the meeting.

FEES 12.

The fees set out in the Fourth Schedule shall be payable to the Registrar in respect of the several matters specified therein.

[Issue 1] 68 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] TRADE UNION TO KEEP REGISTER OF MEMBERS 13.

(1) Every registered trade union shall keep a register of its members, in which shall be entered (a) the name, address and occupation of each member; (b) the date on which each member was admitted to membership; (c) the payments made by each member in respect of entrance fee, subscriptions or any other matter, and the dates of such payments; and (d) the date on which any member ceases to be a member.

(2) If any registered trade union fails to keep a register of its members in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (1), the trade union and every officer or person acting or purporting to act as an officer thereof shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding five hundred shillings.

FIRST SCHEDULE [Regulation 2.] FORM A (r.

3) REGISTER Registry No.

File Ref.

Name of Trade Union.

Situation of Registered Office.

Postal Address of Registered Office.

Date of Date of Date of Date of Period of Date of formation registration cancellation of suspension of suspension registration of registration registration dissolution Officers, Executive Committee and Trustees Title Full name Date of appointment 69 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE, FORM Acontinued Voting Membership as at 31st December of Each Year Year 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 Males Females Total FORM B APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNION [Section 10.] To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being members of a trade union known as ., make application for the registration of the trade union.

2.

The trade union was established on the ., 20.

3.

The name under which it is proposed that the trade union shall be registered is.

4.

(1) The situation of the registered office of the trade union is at.

(2) The postal address of the trade union, to which all communications and notices may be addressed, is.

5.

Accompanying this application are sent (a) a copy, marked A, of the rules of the trade union; (b) a list, marked B, of the names, identity certificate numbers, addresses and occupations of the members making this application; and (c) a list, marked C, of the titles, names, identity certificate numbers, ages, addresses and occupations of the officers of the trade union.

6.

We have been duly authorised by the trade union to make this application on its behalf, such authorisation consisting of*.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed] 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

NOTES.(a) This application, to which must be affixed uncancelled stamps to the value of Sh.

2.50, must be signed by at least seven members of the trade union.

(b) The enclosures referred to in paragraph 5 should be typewritten or printed.

* In paragraph 6 it must be stated whether the authority to make this application was given by a resolution of a general meeting of the trade union or, if not, in what other way it was given.

[Issue 1] 70 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULEcontinued FORM B1 APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION OF A BRANCH OF A TRADE UNION [Section 20A.] To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, P.O.

Box 30031, Nairobi.

1.

I, the Secretary of the.

make application for the registration of the.

Branch.

2.

The Branch was established on the , 20 3.

(1) The situation of the registered office of the Branch is at.

(2) The postal address of the Branch to which all direct communications and notices may be addressed is.

4.

Accompanying this application is sent a list marked A of the titles, names in full, ages, addresses and occupations of the officers of the Branch.

5.

I have been duly authorized by my executive committee to make this application.

Dated the ., 20.

Signed.

Secretary of.

Trade Union.

FORM C CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION [Section 13.] It is notified that the.

has been registered under the Trade Unions Act.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions FORM D NOTIFICATION OF DEFERMENT OF REGISTRATION [Section 11.] It is notified that the registration of.

as a trade union under the Trade Unions Act is deferred, and that by reason of that deferment the trade union has become a probationary trade union.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions 71 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULEcontinued NOTE.After the expiration of three months and before the expiration of twelve months from the date of this notice, the Registrar (either on the application of the probationary trade union or of his own motion) must, if satisfied that grounds for withholding registration no longer exist, register the probationary trade union as a trade union.

If, at the expiration of twelve months from the date of this notice, the Registrar is of the opinion that there still exist grounds for withholding registration, the probationary trade union will be sent formal notice of refusal to register, together with a statement of the grounds of such refusal.

The provisions of subsection (2) of section 16 of the Trade Unions Act will then have effect.

FORM E [Section 16.] NOTIFICATION OF REFUSAL OF REGISTRATION It is notified that the registration of.

as a trade union under the Trade Unions Act is refused.

The grounds of the refusal are as follows.

.

.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE.Upon receipt of this notice, reference should be made to section 16 of the Trade Unions Act.

Subsection (2) of that section sets out the provisions which have effect upon the refusal of the Registrar to register a trade union.

FORM F NOTICE OF INTENTION TO CANCEL REGISTRATION OF A TRADE UNION [Section 17.] To:.

.

I give you notice, pursuant to section 17 of the Trade Unions Act, that on the expiry of two months from the date hereof I propose to cancel the registration of.

as a trade union under the Act unless, before the expiration of that period, cause is shown to my satisfaction why the registration should not be cancelled.

The grounds on which I propose to cancel the registration are.

.

.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions [Issue 1] 72 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULEcontinued FORM G ORDER OF CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION [Section 17.] It is notified that the registration of.

as a trade union under the Trade Unions Act be and is suspended.

The grounds of the suspension are as follows.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE.Upon service of this order, reference should be made to section 20 of the Trade Unions Act, which sets out the provisions which have effect upon the cancellation of registration of a trade union.

FORM H NOTICE OF INTENTION TO SUSPEND REGISTRATION OF A TRADE UNION [Section 17.] To:.

.

I give you notice, pursuant to section 17 of the Trade Unions Act, that on the expiry of one month from the date hereof I propose to suspend the registration of.

as a trade union under the Act unless, before the expiration of that period, cause is shown to my satisfaction why the registration should not be suspended.

The grounds on which I propose to suspend the registration are.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions FORM I [Section 17.] ORDER OF SUSPENSION OF REGISTRATION It is ordered that the registration of.

as a trade union under the Trade Unions Act be and is cancelled, the grounds of the cancellation are as follows.

Dated the ., 20.

.

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE.Upon service of this order, reference should be made to section 21 of the Trade Unions Act, which sets out the provisions which have effect upon the suspension of registration of a trade union.

73 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULEcontinued FORM J NOTICE OF CHANGE OF NAME [Section 33.] To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being the secretary and seven members of the trade union registered under the name of.

give you notice pursuant to section 33 of the Trade Unions Act that it is proposed to change the name of the trade union to.

.

2.

The proposed change of name has the consent of not less than two-thirds of the total number of voting members of the trade union, such consent having been obtained by secret ballot taken in accordance with the rules of the trade union on the ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Secretary 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members 4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

NOTES.

(a) A trade union may not change its name without the consent of at least two-thirds of the total number of its voting members, and such consent must be obtained by secret ballot conducted in accordance with the rules of the union.

(b) This notice must be signed by the secretary and by seven members of the trade union.

(c) The change of name will not have effect until registered by the Registrar.

FORM K (r.

9) [Section 33.] NOTICE OF AMALGAMATION To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi, 1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being the secretaries and members of the trade unions registered under the names of (1).

(2).

(3).

[Issue 1] 74 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE, FORM Kcontinued Give you notice pursuant to section 33 of the Trade Unions Act that it proposed to amalgamate together the trade unions as one trade union under the name of.

2.

Each trade union which is a party to this amalgamation has taken a secret ballot among its voting members in the manner prescribed by the Trade Unions Regulations.

Signed copies of the certificates of the results of the ballots are attached hereto.

Dated the ., 20.

.

(Trade Union).

(Trade Union).

(Trade Union) (Signed).

Secretary.

Secretary.

Secretary 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members.

4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members.

4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members.

4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

75 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE, FORM Kcontinued NOTE.

(a) The certificates referred to in paragraph 2 must be in the prescribed formsee Third Schedule to the Trade Unions Regulations.

Under section 32 of the Trade Unions Act, the amalgamation cannot be proceeded with unless, in the case of each trade union, the votes of at least 50 percent of the members entitled to vote are recorded at the ballot and, of the votes recorded, those in favour of the proposal exceed by 20 percent or more the votes against the proposal.

(b) The notice must be signed by the secretary and seven members of each trade union which is party to the amalgamation.

(c) The amalgamation will not have effect until the Registrar has registered the trade union formed thereby in the prescribed manner.

FORM L [Section 35.] NOTICE OF CHANGE OF SITUATION OF REGISTERED OFFICE OR OF POSTAL ADDRESS To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

The*.

gives you notice that the situation of the registered office of the trade union has been changed from.

to.

the postal address of the trade union has been changed from changed from.

to.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Secretary * Enter name of trade union.

Delete whichever is inapplicable.

NOTE.

(a) It is an offence, under section 35 of the Trade Unions Act for any trade union (i) to operate at any place to which its registered office may have been removed without having given notice of the change in the situation thereof to the Registrar; or (ii) to fail to give notice of any change of its postal address.

(b) This notice should be signed by the secretary of the trade union.

FORM M (r.

11) NOTICE OF ALTERATION OF RULES [Section 36.] To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

1.

We, the several persons whose names are subscribed below, being the secretary and seven members of the trade union registered under the name of.

give you notice of alteration of the rules of the aforesaid trade union.

2.

With this application are sent (a) a copy of the registered rules of the union, marked to show where and in what way they are altered; [Issue 1] 76 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE, FORM Mcontinued (b) a copy, marked A, of the alteration[s], signed by the person giving this notice; (c) a copy of the minutes of the meeting at which the alteration[s] was [were] made, certified as true by the chairman of that meeting.

3.

We have been duly authorized by the trade union to give this notice on its behalf, such authorization consisting of a resolution passed at a general meeting of the trade union on the.

, 20.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Secretary 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members 4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRY (For Official Use) It is certified that the foregoing alteration[s] of the rules of the.

has [have] been registered pursuant to section 36 of the Trade Unions.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

.

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE.(a) Two copies of this notice (with enclosures) must be sent to the Registrar within seven days of any alteration of rules or of the making of any new rule.

(b) This notice must be accompanied by the prescribed registration fee.

(c) Alterations in the rules of a trade union have effect from the date of registration thereof by the Registrar unless some later date is specified in the rules.

FORM N NOTICE OF CHANGE OF NAMES OR TITLES OF OFFICERS [Section 38.] To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

The*.

gives you notice that the names [titles] of the officers of the trade union specified in the first column hereunder have been altered to those specified in the second column, with effect from the date specified in the third column.

77 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE, FORM Ncontinued Old name and title New name and title Effective date of alteration Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Secretary * Enter name of trade union.

NOTE.

(a) Notice of all changes of officers or of the title of any officer must be sent to the Registrar within seven days after such change.

(b) This notice must be signed by the secretary of the trade union and must be accompanied by the prescribed registration fee.

FORM O NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION [Section 39.] To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

Notice is given that the *.

was dissolved in pursuance of the rules thereof on the., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Secretary 1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

Members 4.

.

5.

.

6.

.

7.

.

Name and address to which registered copy is to be returned.

* Enter name of trade union.

[Issue 1] 78 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] FIRST SCHEDULE, FORM Ocontinued CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRY (For Official Use) It is certified that the dissolution of the.

has this day been registered pursuant to section 39 of the Trade Unions Act.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Registrar of Trade Unions NOTE.

(a) Two copies of this notice, signed by the secretary and by seven members of the trade union, must be sent to the Registrar within fourteen days of the dissolution.

(b) The dissolution of a trade union has effect from the date of its registration by the Registrar.

SECOND SCHEDULE [Rule 6, Section 47.] GENERAL STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE Annual Return of the*.

for the year ended 31st December, 20.

Particulars of the Trade Union 1.

Situation of registered office.

2.

Postal address.

3.

Has the trade union any branches? If so, state situation of, and number of members in, each branch.

4.

In what trade or calling are the members of the union chiefly employed?.

5.

Total number of male voting members at 31st December, 20.

Total number of female voting members at 31st December, 20.

Total.

* Enter name of trade union.

PARTICULARS OF THE OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE TRADE UNION AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 20.

Title of officer Name in full Address Date of appointment It is certified as follows (a) none of the above-mentioned officers has been convicted of any crime involving fraud or dishonesty; (b) none of the above-mentioned officers is an officer of any other trade union; (c) all the above-mentioned officers (except the secretary and .) are actually engaged in the industry or occupation of,.

with which this trade union is directly concerned, the said.

having become office bearers on the ., 20.

with the permission of the Registrar pursuant to section 29(1)(b) of the Act.

79 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued PARTICULARS OF TRUSTEES Name in full Date of appointment Address INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 20 INCOME EXPENDITURE Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts.

(1) Members contributions (1) Benefits paid to members (including those of branch (2) Working expenses: members): (a) head office.

(a) subscriptions.

(b) branches.

(b) entrance fees.

(c) other contributions from (3) Other expenditure (to be specified): members (to be specified):.

.

.

.

.

.

(2) Bank interest: (4) Balance of general funds at the end of the year.

(3) Miscellaneous income (to be shown in detail):.

.

.

TOTAL.

Balance brought forward from previous year.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 20.

LIABILITIES ASSETS Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts (1) Total amount of general funds Cash in hands of as shown above.

treasurer (2) Amount of any separate funds Cash in hands of maintained as follows [details of secretary.

each separate fund to be given] Cash in hands of branch officers.

Cash at.

.

Bank.

.

Other assets [to be specified].

.

.

.

.

.

.

[Issue 1] 80 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] SECOND SCHEDULEcontinued (3) Other liabilities [to be specified]:.

.

.

.

.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

AUDITORS REPORT The undersigned, having had access to all the books and accounts of the trade union (including its branches), and having examined the Annual Return and verified the same with the accounts and vouchers relating thereto, now sign the same as found to be correct, duly vouched, and in accordance with law.

.

.

[Signature of First Auditor] [Signature of Second Auditor] Address.

Address.

Calling or Profession.

Calling or Profession.

Date of completion of audit ., 20.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed].

Secretary To: The Registrar of Trade Unions, Nairobi.

NOTE.

(a) This return is required to be furnished to the Registrar by the secretary of every probationary and of every registered trade union on or before the first day of April of the year immediately following that in respect of which the return is rendered.

(b) This return should be accompanied by (i) a copy, marked A, of the rules of the trade union in force at the end of the year; (ii) a copy, marked B, of all alterations and amendments of rules, and of all new rules, made during the year; and (iii) a list, marked C, of all changes of officers made during that year.

THIRD SCHEDULE [Rule 9.] BALLOT PAPER Record your vote by aX in column 2.

Do not sign your name.

Column 1 Column 2 For Amalgamation.

Against Amalgamation.

81 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] THIRD SCHEDULEcontinued CERTIFICATE OF RESULT OF BALLOT Name of trade union.

Situation and postal address of registered office.

We, the undersigned, representing respectively the officers and members concerned of the above- named trade union, certify that on the.

, 20., a ballot was duly taken in compliance with the requirements of the Trade Union Regulations on the question of the amalgamation of the trade union with the registered trade union[s] named hereunder.

and that the result was Number of papers in ballot box.

Number voting in favour of the amalgamation.

Number voting against the amalgamation.

The total number of members entitled to vote was.

Dated the ., 20.

[Signed] 1.

.

2.

.

NOTE.A signed copy of this certificate must be posted in the registered office of the trade union and in every branch office thereof.

A further signed copy must accompany the notice of amalgamation which is required to be sent to the Registrar under subsection (1) of section 33 of the Trade Unions Act.

FOURTH SCHEDULE [L.N.

246/1988, L.N.

88/1997, L.N.

88/2003, Rule 12.] FEES The following fees shall be paid to the Registrar KShs.

(a) on application for registration of a trade union.

15,000 (b) on application for registration of branch of a trade union.

3,000 (c) on registration of new rules or alteration of rules.

750 (d) on registration of change of officers.

3,000 (e) on registration of change of name of a trade union.

1,500 (f) on registration of amalgamation of trade union.

1,000 (g) for a copy of a certificate of registration.

200 (h) for a certified copy of/or a certificate extract.

500 (i) for a certified copy of or extract from documents searchable under the custody of the Registrar (i) for the first page thereof.

500 (ii) for every other page.

100 (j) for carrying out such on records.

200 (k) for filling annual returns.

2,200 (l) penalty of Kshs.

100 per month after 1st April.

100 (m) on filling notice of change of situation of the office or postal.

600 [Issue 1] 82 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] Rules of Court under Section 18(2) TRADE UNIONS (APPEALS) RULES [G.N.

858/1952, L.N.

118/1973.] 1.

These Rules may be cited as the Trade Unions (Appeals) Rules.

2.

Any appeal to the High Court under subsection (1) of section 18, subsection (5) of section 33 or subsection (8) of section 38 the Act, as the case may be, against (a) a refusal of the Registrar to register a trade union as a trade union under the Act; or (b) an order by the Registrar cancelling or suspending the registration of any trade union under the Act; or (c) a refusal of the Registrar to register either a change of name of a registered trade union or the trade union formed by the amalgamation of any two or more registered trade unions; or (d) a refusal of the Registrar either to register a change of officers or to correct the register with respect to any trade union registered under the Act, shall be filed within one month from the date of the refusal or order, as the case may be: Provided that High Court may for good and sufficient cause grant any applicant leave to appeal out of time, and, in such event, shall specify the period with which the appeal shall be filed.

3.

(1) Every appeal to the High Court shall be preferred in the form of a memorandum signed by the applicant or his advocate, and shall be filed in triplicate in the Registry of the High Court.

(2) The memorandum shall be supported by one or more affidavits as to facts only, and shall be accompanied by the original of the written notification of the refusal, or of the order, appealed from, or by a certified copy thereof.

(3) The memorandum shall set forth concisely and under distinct heads the grounds of objection to the refusal or order appealed from, without any argument or narrative; and the grounds shall be numbered consecutively.

4.

When a memorandum is lodged, the High Court shall forthwith cause notice of the appeal to be served on the Registrar, who shall be the respondent in the appeal.

5.

(1) A copy of the memorandum of appeal and of the affidavit or affidavits in support shall be served on the respondent together with the notice referred to in rule 4.

(2) The respondent may, within twenty-one days of service, file affidavits in reply: Provided that the High Court may for good and sufficient cause extend the period for filing affidavits in reply, and, in such event, shall specify the period within which the affidavits shall be filed.

[Cap.

21, Sub.

Leg.] 6.

Notice of the day fixed for the hearing of the appeal shall be served on the respondent in the manner provided by the Civil Procedure Rules, for the service on the defendant of a summons to enter appearance; and all the provisions applicable to such summons, and to proceedings with reference to the service thereof, shall apply to the service of that notice.

7.

The notice to the respondent referred to in rule 6 shall state that if he does not appear before the High Court on the day fixed for the hearing the appeal may be heard ex parte.

83 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] 8.

(1) The parties to an appeal shall not be entitled to adduce additional evidence, whether oral or documentary, at the hearing of the appeal: Provided that the High Court may allow any such evidence to be adduced (i) if the respondent, in considering the application, has refused or neglected to take into account matters which ought to have been taken into account; or (ii) if the High Court requires any such evidence to be adduced to enable it to pronounce judgment; or (iii) for any other substantial cause.

(2) Whenever the High Court allows any additional evidence to be adduced before it, the Court shall record its reasons for so doing.

9.

The High Court may make such order as to the costs of an appeal as to the Court seems just.

10.

Order XLI of the Civil Procedure Rules, in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of these Rules, shall apply to every such appeal.

11.

(1) On lodging an appeal under these Rules, there shall be paid a fee of twenty shillings.

(2) The scale of fees usually payable in the High Court shall apply to all subsequent acts, applications or proceedings.

[Issue 1] 84 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] TRADE UNIONS (ACCOUNTS) REGULATIONS ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS Regulation 1.

Citation.

2.

Interpretation.

3.

Receipts to be issued by collectors.

4.

Receipts to be issued to the collectors by the treasurer.

5.

Record of receipt books to be kept.

6.

Payment vouchers to be made out.

7.

Wages book to be kept.

8.

Cash book and branch analysis cash book.

9.

Branch cash book.

10.

Special funds.

11.

Preservation of documents.

12.

Bank account to be maintained.

13.

Power to exempt.

14.

Penalty.

SCHEDULE 85 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] TRADE UNIONS (ACCOUNTS) REGULATIONS [L.N.

128/1961, L.N.

299/1964.] 1.

Citation These Regulations may be cited as the Trade Unions (Accounts) Regulations.

2.

Interpretation In these Regulations, treasurer includes any person for the time being acting as a treasurer.

3.

Receipts to be issued by collectors (1) Every person who collects or receives subscriptions, entrance fees, donations or other contributions for a trade union, hereinafter referred to as a collector, shall issue to the person paying him a receipt in Form P in the Schedule taken from a book of printed receipt forms, the forms being each in duplicate and numbered serially: Provided that an employer shall not be required to issue a receipt to his employee for any money so collected on behalf of a trade union.

(2) The collector shall, when issuing a receipt, ensure that the particulars entered on the receipt form are legibly duplicated by carbon copy on the printed duplicate thereof, and shall preserve in the book the printed duplicate of every receipt issued.

(3) The collector (other than a treasurer) shall hand over or remit to the treasurer of his trade union, or of his branch of the trade union, at intervals of not more than twenty- one days, all monies which he has collected on behalf of the trade union, together with all receipt books in his possession relating to such monies.

(4) Every collector shall issue receipts from receipt books issued to him in proper sequence in accordance with their serial numbering.

(5) Any person collecting for a trade union who contravenes any of the provisions of paragraph (1), (2), (3) and (4) shall be guilty of an offence.

4.

Receipts to be issued to the collectors by the treasurer (1) The treasurer of every trade union or branch of a trade union shall, when receiving money from a collector, issue to him a receipts in Form Q in the Schedule taken from a book of printed receipt forms, the forms being each in duplicate and numbered serially.

(2) The treasurer of every trade union or branch of a trade union shall, when issuing a receipt, ensure that the particulars entered on the receipt form are legibly duplicated by carbon copy on the printed duplicate thereof, and shall preserve in the book the printed duplicate of every receipt issued.

(3) No treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union shall issue a receipt from a fresh receipt book unless all receipts from receipt books already in use are completed.

(4) Every treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union shall issue receipts and receipt books in proper sequence in accordance with their serial numbering.

(5) Every treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union shall ensure that a collector accounts to such treasurer for all receipt books issued to such collector when such collector accounts for the cash collected by him.

(6) When the necessary information has been obtained from the collectors receipt book or books, as the case may be, the treasurer may return to the collector for further use such receipt book or books as have not been completed.

[Issue 1] 86 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] (7) Any treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union who contravenes any of the provisions of paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) shall be guilty of an offence.

5.

Record of receipt books to be kept (1) The treasurer of every trade union shall be responsible for the issue of all receipt books, whether to treasurers of branches or to collectors, and the treasurer of a branch of a trade union shall be responsible for the issue to collectors of all receipt books which he receives from the treasurer of the trade union.

(2) The treasurer of every trade union or branch of a trade union shall keep a record of all receipt books which he receives and issues, and such record shall show the serial numbers of all receipt books received by him, the dates on which he received the receipt books, the name of the person to whom each receipt book is issued, the date when he issued such receipt book and the date when the duplicates of the receipts were returned to him, and when he has issued a receipt book to any person (other than a treasurer of a branch) he shall not issue any further book to such person until the duplicate of the first mentioned book has been returned to him.

(3) No treasurer of a branch of a trade union shall issue to any person a receipt book other than a receipt book received by him from the treasurer of the union, and no treasurer of a branch of a trade union nor a collector shall issue to any person a receipt other than a receipt from a receipt book so issued by the treasurer of the union.

(4) Any treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union who contravenes any of the provisions of paragraph (2) and (3) shall be guilty of an offence.

6.

Payment vouchers to be made out (1) No person shall make a payment out of trade union funds unless he has first made out a payment voucher in Form R in the Schedule, and (a) obtained the signature thereto by the person empowered to authorize such a payment: Provided that no person shall be empowered to authorise payment to himself; (b) signed it; (c) obtained the signature of the payee (but not when payment is made by a crossed-cheque); (d) where the payment is for travelling expenses, recorded therein (i) the name of the person travelling; (ii) the places from which and to which the person has travelled; (iii) the mode of transport; and (iv) the reason for the journey and the date thereof; and (e) recorded therein the name and address of the recipient of the payment and sufficient information to enable the nature of the payment to be ascertained.

(2) No person shall make a payment out of union funds for an object not authorised by the Act or the rules of the trade union concerned, and no person shall authorise such a payment.

(3) Any person who contravenes the provisions of paragraph (1) and (2) shall be guilty of an offence.

7.

Wages book to be kept (1) Where a trade union or branch of a trade union employs any person, or engages any person to collect money for it on commission, the treasurer of the trade union or branch of a trade union, as the case may be, shall maintain a wages book in Form S in the Schedule, using a separate page for each person so employed or so engaged.

87 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] (2) Any treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union who contravenes the provisions of paragraph (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

8.

Cash book and branch analysis cash book (1) The treasurer of every trade union shall keep a cash book in Form T in the Schedule, and shall record therein all money received and all money paid by the trade union, including receipts from and payments to branches, in the appropriate columns according to the nature of the receipts and payments and according to whether the money is received or paid in cash or is received into or paid out of a bank account or other deposit or savings account of the trade union.

(2) The treasurer shall balance the cash book at the end of every month and shall certify in the cash book that the balances agree with the actual cash in hand and cash at the bank, and the treasurer shall sign the certificate.

(3) Every treasurer shall also keep in respect of every branch of the trade union a branch analysis cash book as indicated in Form U in the Schedule, and shall record therein an analysis of all money received and all money paid by every branch, according to the copies of the cash book sheets received from branch treasures under regulation 9, and the receipts and payments shall be entered in the appropriate columns as prescribed by paragraph (1).

(4) Any treasurer of a trade union who contravenes any of the provisions of paragraph (1) and (3) shall be guilty of an offence.

9.

Branch cash book (1) The treasurer of every branch of a trade union shall keep a cash book in Form V in the Schedule with the pages thereof numbered serially, and shall record therein all money received and all money paid by the branch, including receipts from and payments to the trade union headquarters, in the appropriate columns as prescribed by paragraph (1) of regulation 8.

(2) The treasurer shall balance the cash book at the end of every month and shall certify in the cash book that the balances agree with the actual cash in hand and cash at the bank, and the treasurer shall sign such certificate and shall forward to the treasurer of the trade union within seven days after the end of the month a copy of every page of the cash book which relates to that month and particulars of the balances.

(3) Any treasurer of a branch of a trade union who contravenes any of the provisions of paragraph (1) and (2) shall be guilty of an offence.

10.

Special funds (1) The treasurer of every trade union or branch of a trade union shall maintain in the trade unions accounts separate records of any contributions or donations which it collects or receives for a specific purpose, and, subject to any resolutions of the members of the trade union authorising the use of such funds for any other purpose, the treasurer shall not disburse any such funds other than for the specific purpose for which they were collected or donated.

(2) Any treasurer of a trade union or of a branch of a trade union who contravenes the provisions of paragraph (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

11.

Preservation of documents (1) The treasurer of every trade union or branch of a trade union shall preserve all the books of account and documents which it keeps or makes under these Regulations, and all books of duplicate receipts and other supporting documents, for a period of at least three years after the end of the trade unions financial year to which they relate, and shall take all such precautions as are reasonably necessary for their safe custody.

[Issue 1] 88 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] (2) Any treasurer of a trade union or of a branch of a trade union who contravenes the provisions of paragraph (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

12.

Bank account to be maintained (1) The treasurer of every trade union or branch of a trade union shall cause a bank account to be opened and maintained in the name of the trade union or branch thereof, and whenever he receives any money belonging to the trade union or branch thereof he shall within seven days of such receipt pay it into the bank account: Provided that where the rules of a trade union permit the treasurer of a branch of that union to retain in cash a sum not exceeding one hundred shillings, the treasurer of such branch shall pay into such bank account any cash in his possession as such treasurer which exceeds one hundred shillings.

(2) Deleted by L.N.

299/1964.

(3) Any treasurer of a trade union or branch of a trade union who contravenes the provisions of paragraph (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

13.

Power to exempt (1) The Minister, on a report from the Registrar, may exempt any trade union from all or any of the provisions of these Regulations if he is of the opinion that the standard of accounting of the trade union is sufficiently high apart from the provisions of these Regulations.

(2) The Minister may at any time cancel an exemption granted under paragraph (1) if he is of the opinion that the standard of accounting of the trade union so exempted has not been sufficiently maintained.

14.

Penalty Any person who is guilty of an offence under these Regulations shall be liable to a fine not exceeding two thousand shillings or to imprisonment of a term not exceeding two months or to both.

SCHEDULE FORM P (r.

3(1)) RECEIPT Binding NAME OF TRADE UNION Collectors *Serial No.: Receipt Received from:.

Date: Book Membership No.: Shillings (in words).

Cents Sh.

cts.

Monthly subscriptions.

Entrance fees.

Donations.

Other Total *To be inserted by printer.

Signature.

89 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] SCHEDULEcontinued FORM Q (r.

4(1)) RECEIPT Binding NAME OF TRADE UNION *Serial No.:.

Treasurers Received from:.

Date.

Receipt Book Shillings (in words):.

Cents:.

Collectors receipt serial Monthly subscriptions.

Sh.

cts.

numbers to which Entrance fees.

amount refers: Nos.

to Nos.

Donations.

Other.

Total *To be inserted by printer.

Signature.

FORM R (r.

6(1)) PAYMENT VOUCHER Margin Name of Trade Union PAYMENT VOUCHER Serial No:.

Particulars Date: Amount Sh.

cts.

Amount in words: Authorized by.

Paid by.

Recipient.

President/Chairman/Secretary Treasurer Where applicable FORM S (r.

7(1)) WAGES BOOK Employees name:.

Monthly Wage or Rate of Commission Date engaged: Date discharged: Particulars of Amount due Amount paid Payment Payees receipt amount due* voucher No.

(signature or mark) and date Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts.

*Form Q receipt numbers must be specified where applicable.

[Issue 1] 90 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] SCHEDULEcontinued FORM T (r.

8(1)) HEAD OFFICE CASH BOOK Dr.

Cash Received.

Cr.

Cash Paid.

Date.

Received from.

Receipt No.

.

Entrance fees.

Subscriptions.

Donations.

Totals.

Total cash Sh.

Cts.

Total bank Sh.

Cts.

Date.

Paid to.

Voucher No.

.

Salaries and wages.

Printing/stationery.

Postage.

Transport.

Rent.

Commissions.

Entertainment.

Totals.

Total cash Sh.

Cts.

Total bank Sh.

Cts.

FORM U (r.

8(2)) HEAD OFFICE BRANCH ANALYSIS CASH BOOK Name of Branch:.

Year.

Dr.

Cash Received.

Cr.

Cash Paid.

Date.

Entrance fees.

Subscriptions.

Donations.

Strike fund.

Fines.

Total cash Sh.

Cts.

Total bank Sh.

Cts.

Date.

Salaries and wages.

91 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] SCHEDULE, FORM Ucontinued Commissions.

Printing/stationery.

Postage.

Transport.

Rent.

Entertainment.

Total cash Sh.

Cts.

Total bank Sh.

Cts.

FORM V (r.

9(1)) BRANCH CASH BOOK Serial No.

.

Name of Branch:.

Date:.

Date Item Voucher or receipt number CASH RECEIVED CASH PAID Cash Bank Cash Bank Sh.

cts Sh.

cts.

Sh.

cts Sh.

cts [Issue 1] 92 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] TRADE UNIONS TRIBUNAL (PROCEDURE) REGULATIONS [L.N.

327/1964.] 1.

These Regulations may be cited as the Trade Unions Tribunal (Procedure) Regulations.

2.

In these Regulations, except where the context otherwise requires chairman means the chairman of a Tribunal; Secretary means the Secretary of Tribunals appointed under regulation 5(1); Tribunal means a Trade Unions Tribunal appointed by the Minister under section 20A or section 38 of the Act.

3.

(1) Where the Minister appoints a Tribunal, he shall appoint one of its members to be chairman.

(2) If the chairman of a Tribunal is prevented by sickness or any other reason from attending any hearing of the Tribunal, the members shall appoint one of their number to act as chairman of the Tribunal in his absence.

4.

A member of a Tribunal shall hold office for such period as may be specified in his appointment, and he shall be eligible for reappointment.

5.

(1) The Minister shall appoint an officer of his Ministry to be Secretary of Tribunals, who shall act as Secretary to every Tribunal.

(2) The Secretary shall, in relation to any matters referred to a Tribunal, comply with the general and special directions of the chairman of the Tribunal.

(3) The address of the Secretary for the purpose of the presentation or service of documents under these Regulations is Attorney-Generals Chambers, Nairobi.

6.

Interested parties may, with the permission of the Tribunal concerned, be represented by counsel in proceedings before the Tribunal.

7.

Where the Registrar is not satisfied as to the validity or propriety of any application for registration under section 20A of the Act or of any application to register a change of officers or to correct the register under section 38(4) of the Act, or has reason to believe that a branch of a trade union has been dissolved or has ceased to function in terms of section 20A(5) of the Act, he may request the Minister to appoint a Tribunal and shall thereupon refer the matter to that Tribunal, setting forth briefly the reasons for his dissatisfaction or belief, as the case may be.

8.

On receipt of a reference from the Registrar, the chairman of the Tribunal concerned shall appoint a time, date and place for a sitting of such Tribunal for the purpose of hearing the matter referred to it, and the Secretary shall cause a copy of the notice of hearing to be served on (a) each member of the Tribunal; (b) the Registrar; (c) any party who, in the opinion of the Secretary is an interested party; and (d) the registered president and general secretary of the trade union concerned at the headquarters of the union.

93 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Relations [Subsidiary] 9.

(1) At the hearing of the matter referred, the following procedure shall be observed (a) the Registrar shall detail the matter in dispute and the reasons for his dissatisfaction or belief as the case may be; (b) any party who, in the opinion of the Tribunal, is an interested party may appear and make submissions and produce such evidence as may be relevant; (c) at the conclusion of the evidence of any such interested party, the registered president and general secretary of the trade union concerned may make submissions concerning the matter in dispute and may, with the permission of the chairman, call any relevant evidence; (d) any such interested party shall be entitled to reply but may not rely on any evidence other than that adduced at the hearing; (e) the chairman or any member of the Tribunal shall be entitled at any stage of the hearing to ask any questions of any party to the proceedings or any witness examined at the hearing, as he considers necessary to the determination of the matter referred; (f) the parties shall notify the Secretary before the hearing of any witness they propose calling in support of their submissions, and shall at the same time notify any other party on whom notice has been served, but the parties shall be at liberty to call further witnesses with the permission of the Tribunal; (g) a witness called and examined by any party shall give his evidence on oath and may be cross-examined by any other party to the proceedings, and if so cross-examined may be re-examined; (h) the Tribunal may, if it thinks necessary, call and examine any witness, and thereafter any such witness may be cross-examined by any party to the proceedings; (i) the Tribunal may adjourn the hearing of the matter for the production of further evidence or for other good cause, as it considers necessary, on such terms as the Tribunal may determine; (j) before the Tribunal reaches its decision, the parties to the proceedings shall withdraw from the hearing, whereupon the Tribunal shall, without any unnecessary delay, consider and determine the matter referred; (k) the decision of the Tribunal shall be determined by a majority of the members present and voting at the hearing, and in the case of an equality of votes the chairman shall have a casting vote in addition to his deliberative vote; (l) minutes of the hearing shall be kept and the decision of the Tribunal recorded therein.

(2) In this regulation, Registrar includes any person authorised by the Registrar to appear on his behalf.

10.

In matters of procedure not governed by these Regulations or the Act, the Tribunal may regulate its own procedure.

11.

Save where the Tribunal in any particular case otherwise directs or where any party to the proceedings objects, copies of documents shall be admissible in evidence: Provided that the Tribunal may at any time direct that the original shall be produced notwithstanding that a copy has already been admitted in evidence.

[Issue 1] 94 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] 12.

All parties to the proceedings shall bear their own costs: Provided that, where it is the opinion of the Tribunal that in any case the original application to the Registrar was frivolous or vexatious, the Tribunal may require the party making such application appearing before it to bear such costs of the Tribunal and any other party, which shall be such sum as the Tribunal assesses having regard to the nature of the proceedings and the work involved.

13.

The chairman shall cause the recommendations of the Tribunal to be communicated without delay to the Registrar in accordance with the Act.

95 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] Regulations under Section 51 TRADE DISPUTES (LEVIES AND SUBSCRIPTIONS OTHER THAN TRADE UNION DUES) REGULATIONS [L.N.

280/1974.] 1.

These Regulations may be cited as the Trade Disputes (Levies and Subscriptions other than Trade Union Dues) Regulations.

2.

(1) The Minister may, in accordance with these Regulations, by order, authorise the collection from trade union members of (a) levies (other than trade union dues); or (b) subscriptions (other than trade union dues), for purposes or objects approved by him and specified in such order.

(2) An employer who employs not less than ten members of a particular trade union or a branch thereof may be required by an order under this regulation to deduct a specified sum from the wages of members of that union or branch thereof, employed by him, and to make payment of the total sum so collected to that trade union.

3.

Subject to the provisions of its registered constitution or rules, any trade union may make written application to the Minister for an order under regulation 2, and every such application shall be signed by the general-secretary of the trade union so applying and contain the following particulars (a) purposes and objects of the collection for which the approval of the Minister is desired; (b) the number or category of members, or branch of the trade union, to be affected by the proposed collection; (c) the total sum sought to be collected; (d) the exact sum sought to be deducted from the wages of the members concerned; (e) the date on which, or the period during which and the intervals at the end of which, the deductions are sought to be made; (f) the name and address (and account number, if any) of the bank of the trade union concerned to which payment is to be required to be made; (g) the authority pursuant to which and the manner in which the proposed collection purports to have been authorised by the membership of the trade union or branch to be affected by such collection.

4.

(1) Subject to the provisions of regulation (2) of this regulation, the Minister may approve or reject an application under regulation 3 for an order.

(2) The Minister shall refuse any such application in respect of a collection which has, or appears to him to have or to be likely to have, as any of its purposes or objects (a) the payment of expenses of or in connection with the administration of any trade union or branch; (b) the payment of salaries, allowances or expenses of any of the officers of any trade union or branch; (c) the prosecution or defence of any legal proceedings to which a trade union or any member thereof is a party, whether such legal proceeding concerns the rights of a member arising from his relationship with his employer or with another member or otherwise; 97 [Issue 1] No.

14 of 2007 [Rev.

2012] Labour Regulation [Subsidiary] (d) the conduct or furtherance of any trade dispute on behalf of a trade union or any member thereof; (e) the payment of compensation for loss arising from a trade dispute to any member of a trade union; (f) the payment of allowances to members of a trade union or their dependants on account of any unemployment, accident, sickness, old age or death; (g) the payment of any subscription or fee to any federation to which the union making the application may be affiliated; (h) the payment of any fine or penalty imposed on any person by a court; (i) any other purpose or object which the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, declare to be a purpose or object in respect of which a collection shall not be made pursuant to these Regulations.

5.

The Minister may at any time in writing revoke, vary or suspend any order made under these Regulations in which event written notice thereof shall be given forthwith to the general-secretary of the trade union concerned.

6.

The general-secretary of a trade union in respect of which the Minister has made an order under these Regulations may at any time serve on an employer who employs not less than ten members of that trade union a notice in writing requiring the employer to comply with the Ministers order in respect of the employees who are named in any such notice and who have acknowledged by their signatures therein that they are members of that trade union and, as the case may be, of a branch thereof specified in the order.

7.

Every employer on whom a notice is served under regulation 6 shall comply with the Ministers order referred to therein subject as follows (a) Where an employee notifies the employer in writing that he is not a member of the trade union or, as the case may be, of the branch concerned, no deduction or payment shall be made in respect of the wages earned by that employee in any month following the month in which such notice was given, unless or until such notification is withdrawn; (b) a deduction or payment shall only be made from the wages due to any employee where those wages, after all deductions required or permitted to be made by or under any other law have been made, exceed the sum which is required by the order to be deducted; (c) the first deductions and payments made in pursuance of the notice shall be made in respect of the wages earned in the month following the month in which the notice is served; (d) no deduction or payment shall be made in respect of any wages earned in any month if before the twentieth day of that month the Ministers order has been revoked or suspended and that revocation or suspension has been published in the Gazette or communicated by the Minister directly to the employer; (e) where any order made by the Minister is varied before the twentieth day in any month and the order making the variation has been published in the Gazette or communicated by the Minister directly to the employer, any deduction or payment made in respect of wages earned in that month shall be made in accordance with the terms of the order as so varied; (f) no deduction or payment shall be made by an employer in respect of or during any month in which any of his employees, who is a member of trade union or branch concerned, takes part in any strike, unless and to such extent as the Minister otherwise directs by notice in writing to the employer.

[Issue 1] 98 [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] 8.

No sum deducted from the wages of any employee by the employer under these Regulations shall in any event be recoverable from that employer by his employee.

9.

Every trade union authorised to collect levies under these Regulations shall keep written records of income and expenditure accounts in respect of the total sums collected and shall submit its return to the Registrar within sixty days after the 31st December in every year or after the expiry date of the Ministers order as the case may be.

10.

(1) The sums collected by a trade union in respect of levies or subscriptions under these Regulations shall not be used for purposes or objects other than those approved by the Ministers order.

(2) Any person who contravenes this regulation shall be guilty of an offence and liable to the penalty prescribed under subsection (2).

11.

(1) No employer shall make deductions from the wages of any employee who is not a member of a trade union authorised to collect levies or subscriptions by an order under these Regulations.

(2) Any employer who contravenes this regulation shall be guilty of an offence and liable to the penalty prescribed under subsection (2) of section 52 of the Act.

Orders under regulation 2 of the above Regulations are not reproduced as they are transitory in effect.

99 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] COLLECTION OF SUBSCRIPTION (KENYA LOCAL GOVERNMENT WORKERS UNION) ORDER, 1992 [L.N.

74/1992.] 1.

This Order may be cited as the Collection of Subscriptions (Kenya Local Government Workers Union) Order, 1992.

2.

The Kenya Local Government Workers Union (herein after referred to as the union) is authorized to collect subscriptions (other than trade union dues) from its members for the approved purpose of the expansion of the union headquarters premises.

3.

Every employer who employs at least ten members of the union and upon whom a notice shall have been served by the General Secretary of the union pursuant to regulation 6 of the Trade Disputes (Levies and Subscriptions other than Trade Union Dues) Regulations, is required to deduct from the wages of each of his employees, who in the notice acknowledges that he is a member of the Union, the monthly sum of twenty shillings from the members basic salary for a period of sixty consecutive months with effect from the 31st January, 1992, making a total of one thousand, two hundred shillings from each member.

4.

The employer shall make payment of the sum so collected into the Unions Bank Account No.

1816037 maintained at the Barclays Bank, of Kenya, Queensway Branch, Nairobi, P.O.

Box 30011, Nairobi.

101 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] No.

14 of 2007 Labour Relations [Subsidiary] KENYA UNION OF KENYA CIVIL SERVANTS COLLECTION OF TRADE UNION DUES IN Exercise of the powers conferred by section 45 of the Trade Disputes Act, the Minister for Labour and Human Resource Development orders every employer who employs not less than five members of the Union of Kenya Civil Servants to (a) deduct, every month the sum specified in the Schedule in respect of trade union dues from the wages of his employees who are members of that trade union; (b) pay, within ten days of the date of deduction, the total sums deducted under item 1 of the schedule by crossed cheque made payable to the Union of Kenya Civil Servants into that Unions account No.

010-210-320-8800 at the national Bank of Kenya, Harambee Avenue, Nairobi; (c) Notify that trade union in writing and within one month, of the payment; and (d) Make written returns to the registrar of Trade unions within one month of making all payments of the trade union.

SCHEDULE DEDUCTIONS 1.

The sum of one hundred shillings from the wages of every employee.

103 [Issue 1].

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way