M-Wakili

Kenya Accreditation Service Act 2019 - as Plain Text by MWakili

NATIONAL, COUNCIL FOR LAW REPORTIN 3 LIBRARY SPECIAL ISSUE Kenya Gazette Supplement No.

147 (Acts No.

17) REPUBLIC OF KENYA KENYA GAZETTE SUPPLEMENT ACTS, 2019 NAIROBI, 19th August, 2019 CONTENT Act PAGE The Kenya Accreditation Service Act, 2019 721 rt(1,-ni NATIOLcIatnicw FOR LAW RtPORriwg RECEIVED NAIRO;31, KENYA TEL: ?";49?31 FAX: ?71?6k44 PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER, NAIROBI 721 THE KENYA ACCREDITATION SERVICE ACT, 2019 No.

17 of 2019 Date of Assent: 14th August, 2019 Date of Commencement: 2nd September, 2019 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Sections PART IPRELIMINARY 1Short title.

2Interpretation.

3Objects of the Act.

PART II ESTABLISHMENT, POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SERVICE 4Establishment of the Service.

5Headquarters of the Service.

6Functions of the Service.

PART IIITHE BOARD AND THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SERVICE 7Establishment and composition of the Board.

8Committees of the Board.

9Accreditation advisory committees.

10Accreditation schemes.

PART IV ACCREDITATION 11Application for accreditation.

12Accreditation decisions of the Service.

13Accreditation status, certificates, symbols and claims.

14Maintenance of accreditation.

15Suspension or withdrawal of accreditation.

16Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

17Appeals to the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

18Awards of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

19Appeals against the awards of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

722 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 20Conduct of the business and affairs of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal 21The Chief Executive Officer.

22The Corporation Secretary.

23Staff of the Service.

24Confidentiality.

25Protection from personal liability.

26Common seal of the Service and execution of documents.

27Remuneration of members of the Board, Committees, and the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

PART V FINANCIAL PROVISIONS 28The General Fund and investments.

29Financial year.

30Annual estimates.

31Accounts and audit.

32Exemptions from stamp duty.

33General offence and penalty.

PART VIPROVISIONS ON DELEGATED POWERS 34Regulations.

PART VIIREPEAL AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 35 Transitional provisions.

PART VIII MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 36Disclosure of interest.

FIRST SCHEDULE Procedure for meetings of the Board of Directors.

SECOND SCHEDULE Proceedings before the Accreditation Advisory Committee.

THIRD SCHEDULE Proceedings before the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

723 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service No.

17 THE KENYA ACCREDITATION SERVICE ACT, 2019 AN ACT of Parliament to establish an accreditation system; establish the Kenya Accreditation Service; recognize the Service as the sole national accreditation body; and for connected matters by Parliament of Kenya as follows ENACTED PART IPRELIMINARY 1.

This Act may be cited as the Kenya Accreditation Short title.

Service Act, 2019.

2.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise Interpretation.

requires "accreditation" means, in relation to a Conformity Assessment Body, an attestation by the Service that the conformity assessment body is competent to carry out specific conformity assessment tasks; "Accreditation Advisory Committee" means an Accreditation Advisory Committee established under section 9; "accredited body" means an organisation or a facility that has been accredited by the Service; "accreditation certificate' means a document or set of documents that states that accreditation has been granted to the conformity assessment body named in the documents, the conditions under which the accreditation has been granted and the scope of the accreditation; "accreditation mark" means the mark issued by the Service to be used by an accredited body to indicate that body's accreditation status; "accreditation scheme" means the rules, processes or any other requirements established by the Service relating to specific conformity assessment activities to which a similar accreditation standard applies; "accreditation symbol" means the symbol issued by the Service for use by a conformity assessment body to demonstrate its status of accreditation; "assessment" means the process undertaken by the Service to evaluate the competence of a conformity 724 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 No.

17 assessment body based on particular standards or other normative documents for a defined scope of accreditation; "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Service established under section 7; "conformity assessment" means a demonstration that specific requirements relating to a product, process, system, person or body have been fulfilled; "conformity assessment body" means a body that carries out compliance assessment services including testing, calibration, inspection, verification, certification of management systems, certification of persons, certification of products, processes or services, proficiency testing and production of reference materials; "Cabinet Secretary" means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters related to accreditation; "Chief Executive Officer" means the Chief Executive Officer of the Service appointed under section 21; "scope of accreditation" means the specific conformity assessment services that may be offered by a conformity assessment body for which accreditation has been granted by the Service; "Service" means the Kenya Accreditation Service established under section 4; and "Tribunal" means the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal established under section 16; 3.

The objects of this Act are to Objects of the (a) establish the Service; Act.

(b) recognize the Service as the sole body responsible for carrying out the accreditation of conformity assessment bodies in Kenya; (c) establish an internationally recognised accreditation system; (d) promote accreditation for the facilitation of trade and the enhancement of health, safety, environmental protection, economic performance and transformation of Kenya; and (e) promote the competence and equivalence of accredited bodies.

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17 PART IIESTABLISHMENT, POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SERVICE 4.

(1) There shall be established a service to be Establishment of known as the Kenya Accreditation Service the Service.

(2) The Service shall be the successor to the Kenya Accreditation Service established in accordance with the L.N.

No.

55 of Kenya Accreditation Service Order, 2009.

2009.

(3) The Service shall be a body corporate, with perpetual succession and a common seal and shall, in its corporate name, be capable of (a) entering into contracts; (b) suing and being sued; (c) taking, purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding or disposing of movable and immovable property; (d) borrowing and lending money; (e) charging fees for its services; and (f) doing or performing all acts necessary for the proper execution of its functions under this Act which may lawfully be done by a body corporate.

5 The headquarters of the Service shall be in Headquarters of Kenya, at a place designated by the Cabinet Secretary and the Service.

published in the Gazette.

6.

The functions of the Service shall be to Functions of the assess and accredit conformity assessment Service.

(a) bodies; (b) promote accreditation in Kenya; (c) promote mutual recognition of the competence of accredited bodies and equivalence of accreditation schemes; (d) establish and nurture relations and cooperation with regional and international accreditation bodies, persons, associations and organizations that the Service may consider necessary for the furtherance of the objectives of this Act; (e) participate in the formulation and monitoring of national, regional and international accreditation guidelines and standards; 726 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 (f) create public awareness on accreditation, collect and disseminate information on accreditation and conformity assessment matters through advocacy programmes, publication of reports, pamphlets, books, journals or any other publications; (g) provide training, and other related services and promote research on accreditation and conformity assessment matters; (h) initiate, negotiate, conclude and maintain international mutual recognition agreements relating to its accreditation schemes; (i) support the Government in matters relating to mutual recognition agreements on accreditation; (j) co-ordinate and liaise with regulators in respect of any matter relating to accreditation; (k) obtain and maintain membership to national, regional or international organizations which the Service considers necessary for purposes of achieving its objectives; (1) promote recognition and protect the use of the logo and symbols of the Service; (m) promote and protect regional and international mutual recognition arrangements and symbols; (n) establish, review, and maintain accreditation schemes for conformity assessment bodies that are consistent with international practices, facilitate trade and address needs of industry, consumers, regulators and other relevant entities; (o) formulate and implement national guidelines and standards to facilitate accreditation; (p) advise the Government on designation of conformity assessment bodies; (q) ensure that accredited bodies implement appropriate actions related to their conformity assessment activities; (r) establish and maintain, in the prescribed manner, a register of the status of accredited bodies; (s) design and issue accreditation certificates and symbols to accredited bodies; 727 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service No.

17 (t) publish quarterly in the Gazette, and on its website, a list of all accredited bodies in the prescribed manner; and (u) promote the use of accreditation symbols on certificates or reports issued by conformity assessment bodies; PART IIITHE BOARD AND THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SERVICE 7.

Establishment and (1) The management of the Service shall vest in a composition of the Board of Directors which shall consist of Board.

(a) a non-executive chairperson appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Cabinet Secretary; (b) the Principal Secretary in the ministry for the time being responsible for matters related to accreditation or a designated representative; (c) the Principal Secretary in the ministry for the time being responsible for matters related to finance or a designated representative; (d) five other members, appointed by the Cabinet Secretary being (i) two persons with professional qualifications in the fields of science and technology, law, trade, business or industry; (ii) two persons, one with professional qualifications in finance, and another person with professional qualifications in law or human resource management; and (iii) one person with professional qualifications in consumer protection.

(e) the Chief Executive Officer, who shall be an ex officio member.

(2) The persons appointed under subsection (1) (d) shall be subjected to a competitive recruitment process taking into account the recommendations of the relevant professional bodies, gender and regional balance.

(3) The office of a member of the Board may fall vacant if (a) the member resigns in writing 728 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 (i) in the case of the chairperson, to the President; or (ii) in the case of any other member, other than an ex officio member, to the Cabinet Secretary; (b) the member dies; (c) the member is adjudged bankrupt; (d) the member is convicted of an offence and is sentenced to a term of imprisonment for a period of at least six months without the option of a fine; (e) the member has been absent from three consecutive meetings of the Board without reasonable cause; or (f) the member is incapacitated by mental or physical illness and is unable to discharge the functions of the office.

(3) The chairperson shall preside at every meeting of the Board and where the chairperson is absent, the members present shall appoint one from their number to preside at that meeting.

(4) The quorum for a meeting of the Board shall be five members.

(5) The conduct of the business of the Board shall be as provided for in the First Schedule and, except as provided in the First Schedule, the Board shall regulate its own procedure.

(6) The members of the Board shall be appointed by notice in the Gazette and shall serve for a term of three years which may be renewed for one further term of three years.

(1) The Board may, from time to time, establish Committees of the 8.

Board.

such committees as it may consider appropriate for the better carrying out of its functions.

The Board may hire experts or consultants to assist (2) in its work.

(3) Where the Board establishes a committee under this section, it shall determine the composition of the committee and the rules and procedures that shall be adopted by the committee.

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17 9.

(1) The Service may, subject to the directions of Accreditation the Board, constitute Accreditation Advisory Committees Advisory Committees.

to (a) advise the Board on technical and scientific matters relating to the operation of accreditation schemes; (b) guide on interpretation of technical requirements of international standards and regulatory requirements of specific accreditation schemes; (c) formulate or review the technical criteria or other sector specific application requirements related to accreditation schemes; (d) develop or review technical criteria adopted by the Service for specific accreditation activities; (e) advise on the competence criteria for accreditation assessors and technical experts including identifying relevant proficiency testing programmes applicable to specific accreditation schemes; and (f) offer advisory support activities including accreditation assessment reviews, research and other matters as may be required by Service from time to time.

(2) An Accreditation Advisory Committee shall consist of not less than three members, and not more than nine members.

(3) The members of an Accreditation Advisory Committee shall possess academic, scientific or technical expertise and relevant experience in the specific areas of interest required by Service.

(4) A member of an Accreditation Advisory Committee shall be appointed in writing on such terms and conditions as the Board may determine.

(5) The Accreditation Advisory Committee shall be objective, independent and impartial in the performance of its functions.

(6) The conduct of the business and affairs of an Accreditation Advisory Committee shall be as set out in the Second Schedule to this Act.

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17 10.

(1) The Service may establish and maintain such Accreditation accreditation schemes consistent with international and Schemes.

regional practices taking into account the needs of manufacturers, consumers, regulators and any other relevant stakeholders.

(2) The Service shall maintain on its website, information relevant to each accreditation scheme including applicable requirements or conditions of accreditation.

(3) The Service may make regulations specifying standards and other guidelines necessary for the proper administration of this Act, including the (a) requirements of an accreditation scheme; (b) fees applicable to each accreditation scheme; (c) fees applicable to accreditation related training, and any other activities undertaken by the Service; (d) conditions on the use of the logo and accreditation symbols of the Service, including symbols of regional or international accreditation bodies; and (e) any other matter which the Service may consider necessary.

PART IVACCREDITATION 11.

(1) A conformity assessment body that seeks to be Application for accredited shall apply to the Service for accreditation in the accreditation.

prescribed manner.

(2) The Service shall process an application submitted under subsection (1) within sixty days from the date of receipt of the application.

(3) Where the Service approves the application for accreditation, the Service shall inform the applicant in writing, and undertake an accreditation assessment in accordance with the requirements of the relevant accreditation scheme.

(4) Where the Service declines an application submitted under subsection (1), the Service shall notify the applicant in writing upon conclusion of the evaluation exercise setting out the reasons for the decision.

12.

(1) The Service may, subject to the directions of Accreditation the Board, set rules and guidelines for granting, renewing, decisions of the Service.

maintaining, reducing, extending, suspending or withdrawing accreditation.

731 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service No.

17 (2) Where the Service is satisfied with the outcome of an accreditation assessment, and upon payment of the prescribed fees, the Service may grant, renew, maintain, reduce or extend accreditation to a conformity assessment body.

(3) Where the Service grants, renews, maintains, reduces or extends the accreditation of a conformity assessment body, the Service shall notify the conformity assessment body and issue an accreditation certificate within fourteen days.

(4) A certificate issued under subsection (3) shall be accompanied by (a) a schedule specifying the scope of accreditation; (b) an outline of prescribed conditions on the use of accreditation symbols and related claims; and (c) any other terms as may be determined by the Service.

(5) Where the Service declines, suspends or withdraws accreditation to a conformity assessment body, the Service shall, within fourteen days, notify the conformity assessment body in writing setting out the reasons for its decisions.

(6) The Service may withdraw an accreditation from a conformity assessment body without having first suspended the accreditation, where the (a) accreditation was obtained by fraud; (b) conformity assessment body (i) becomes insolvent; (ii) goes into liquidation; or (iii) is ordered to be wound up by a court of competent jurisdiction; (c) management systems of the conformity assessment body have failed.

(7) The Service may suspend or withdraw the accreditation of a conformity assessment body where there is a breach of the administrative procedures or guidelines issued by the Service.

732 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 13.

(1) The accreditation status of a conformity Accreditation assessment body, or claims made or representational status, certificates, symbols and statements made, shall be confirmed only through the claims.

(a) accreditation certificate and the accompanying schedule issued by the Service; (b) register of accredited bodies published in the Gazette and maintained on the website of the Service; and (c) accreditation symbol issued by the Service and displayed on certificates or reports issued by an accredited body.

(2) An accreditation certificate issued under this Act shall be valid only for the period prescribed in the certificate.

(3) The seal of the Service shall be affixed on an accreditation certificate and shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chief Executive Officer or a person authorized in that behalf by a resolution of the Board.

(4) The accreditation certificate and rights to use an accreditation symbol shall be the property of the Service and shall be surrendered to the Service whenever it is required to do so.

(5) The Service may impose such conditions, as it considers necessary, on the use of an accreditation certificate, accreditation symbol, and a claim of accreditation status by an accredited body.

(6) The accredited body may use the accreditation symbol in relation to the scope of accreditation specified in the relevant schedule, provided that the accreditation granted under this Act shall be in force.

(7) An accredited body commits an offence under this Act, where the accredited body (a) misuses its accreditation status; (b) misrepresents its accreditation entry date or expiry date; (c) makes a claim that is outside the scope for which the body is accredited; (d) gives false information on the location of the accredited facility; or 733 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service No.

17 (e) makes other misrepresentation relating to its status of accreditation.

(1) An accredited body shall comply with the Maintenance of 14.

accreditation.

provisions of this Act, and any other conditions prescribed by the Service from time to time.

(2) An accredited body shall inform the Service promptly of any changes that may affect its accreditation status or the operations of the accredited body.

(1) The Service may suspend an accredited body Suspension or 15.

withdrawal of from offering accreditation services for the period specified accreditation.

in the notice of suspension or until such earlier time as the Service may determine.

Provided that a suspension shall not last for a period exceeding six months.

(2) The Service may suspend an accreditation body where the accredited body (a) contravenes the conditions imposed by the Service; (b) provides false or misleading information to the Service; (c) is no longer fit to hold an accreditation; (d) fails to comply with the directions of the Service; (e) contravenes any provisions of this Act; or (f) fails to pay any fees prescribed under this Act.

(3) Where an accreditation is suspended on account of non-payment of the prescribed fees, the suspension shall be lifted where the fee is paid within thirty days from the date of the notice of suspension.

(4) The Service may withdraw the accreditation of a conformity assessment body where the body is suspended for non-payment of the prescribed fee and it fails to pay the fees within the period specified under sub-section (3).

(5) The Service may suspend or withdraw an accreditation upon the request of an accredited body.

(6) Where the Service has suspended or withdrawn an accreditation, it shall, within fourteen days of the suspension or withdrawal publish the fact of the changed accreditation status on its website.

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17 16.

(1) There is established a Tribunal to be known Accreditation as the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal, which shall hear and Appeals Tribunal.

determine appeals emanating from the decisions of the Service.

(2) The Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall consist of five members being (a) a Chairperson appointed competitively by the Cabinet Secretary from amongst persons qualified to be judges of the High Court; and (b) four other persons who possess expertise and knowledge in matters relating to accreditation, conformity assessment, standardization or regulatory activities.

(3) The members under subsection (2) (b) shall be appointed competitively by the Cabinet Secretary from amongst persons who (a) hold a university degree in law or science and technology; and (b) possess at least seven years relevant experience in their areas of expertise.

(4) Except as provided in the Third Schedule, the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall regulate its own procedure.

17.

(1) An accredited body that is aggrieved by a Appeals to the decision of the Service may, by notice in writing to the Accreditation Chief Executive Officer and upon payment of the Appeals Tribunal.

prescribed fees, appeal against the decision within twenty- one days of being notified of the decision.

(2) A notice of appeal under this section shall set out the grounds of the appeal.

(3) The Chief Executive Officer shall, within seven days of receipt of the notice under sub section (2), forward the notice to the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

18.

(1) The Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall Awards of the consider the notice of appeal and the response of the Accreditation Service before making an award.

Appeals Tribunal.

(2) An award of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal may (a) confirm the decision of the Service; 735 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service No.

17 (b) vary the decision of the Service; (c) direct the Service to carry out a fresh evaluation of the application or undertake a fresh assessment of the conformity assessment body; or (d) issue other orders it may consider necessary including an order as to costs.

Where an appeal has been filed against a decision (3) of the Service, the decision of the Service shall stand suspended until the appeal has been heard and determined by the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

The Accreditation Appeals Tribunal may direct the (4) taxing of costs as may be prescribed under this Act.

19.

(1) A party who is aggrieved by an award of the Appeals against Accreditation Appeals Tribunal may appeal against the the awards of the Accreditation award to the High Court.

Appeals Tribunal.

(2) An award of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall stand suspended where an appeal against the award has been made to the High Court.

(3) After hearing an appeal under this section, the High Court may (a) confirm the award of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal; (b) review the award of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal; (c) remit the proceedings of the appeal to the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal and direct the Tribunal to review the award; or (d) make any other order as it may consider necessary, including an order as to costs.

20.

(1) The conduct of the business and affairs of the Conduct of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall be as set out in the business and affairs of the Third Schedule to this Act.

Accreditation Appeals Tribunal.

21.

(1) There shall be a Chief Executive Officer of The Chief the Service appointed by the Cabinet Secretary on the Executive Officer.

recommendation of the Board.

(2) A person qualifies to be appointed as the Chief Executive Officer if that person (a) has a post-graduate degree in 736 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 (i) science; (ii) information technology; or (iii) business administration; (b) has at least ten years' relevant professional experience of which five shall have been in a senior management position; (c) satisfies the requirements of Chapter Six of the Constitution; (d) does not hold a public office; and (e) is otherwise not disqualified by any other written law.

(3) The Chief Executive Officer shall hold office for a term of three years and may be eligible for re-appointment to one further term of three years.

(4) The Chief Executive Officer shall, subject to the general directions of the Board, be responsible for the day to day management of the Service, the exercise of its powers and the discharge and performance of its functions.

(5) The Cabinet Secretary, on the written recommendation of the Board and on the grounds stipulated under subsection (6), may revoke the appointment of the Chief Executive Officer at any time.

(6) The appointment of the Chief Executive Officer may be revoked on the grounds of (a) gross misconduct; (b) insubordination; (c) violation of any of the terms of the contract of appointment; (d) breach of chapter six of the Constitution; (e) failure to comply with the provisions of this Act; Or (f) conviction of an offence under any of the laws of Kenya.

(7) Where the Board recommends the revocation of the appointment of the Chief Executive officer, the recommendation shall be valid only if it is supported by at least two-thirds of the members of the Board.

737 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service No.

17 22.

(1) There shall be a Corporation Secretary who The Corporation shall be appointed by the Board on such terms and Secretary.

conditions as the Board may determine.

(2) A person shall be qualified for appointment as a Corporation Secretary, if the person holds a degree in law from a university recognized in Kenya and is a registered Certified Public Secretary with at least seven years relevant experience.

(3) The Corporation Secretary shall (a) be the Secretary to the Board; (b) record and keep minutes and other records of the Board; (c) have custody of the seal of the Board; and (d) carry out such other functions as may be assigned by the Board or the Chief Executive Officer, from time to time.

(4) The Corporation Secretary shall be responsible to the Chief Executive Officer.

23.

(1) The Service may appoint such other staff as it Staff of the considers necessary for the exercise of its powers and Service.

discharge of its functions.

(2) The Staff of the Service shall be appointed on such terms and conditions as shall be determined by the Board on the recommendations of the Salaries and Remuneration Commission.

(3) The Service shall ensure that the appointment of its staff reflects the ethnic, gender and regional diversity of the people of Kenya.

24.

(1) Any person who is or who has been involved Confidentiality.

in the performance of any function of the Service, an Accreditation Advisory Committee or the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal, shall not disclose any information in the performance of that function, except (a) to a person authorized to have that information for the performance of a function under this Act; (b) where that person is authorized under this Act to disclose that information; (c) where that person discloses that information in accordance with a provision of any written law or an order of a court of competent jurisdiction; or 738 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 (d) where the information is disclosed by or on the authority of the Cabinet Secretary, the Board or the Chief Executive Officer.

(2) A member of the Board, or an officer or agent of the Service shall, in the performance of any function or exercise of any power under this Act, preserve the confidentiality of any matter coming to the knowledge of that member, officer or agent.

(3) A member of the Board, or an officer or agent of the Service shall not, without any reasonable cause (a) disclose any confidential information to any person; or (b) permit an unauthorized person to gain access to any information in the possession, custody or control of the Service.

(4) Any person who contravenes the provisions of this section commits an offence.

25.

No matter or thing done or omitted to be done by Protection from a member of the Board, or an officer or agent of the personal liability.

Service, if the matter or thing is done or omitted in good faith in the execution of the powers and the performance of the functions of the Service, shall render the member, officer or agent, or any other person's action on the member's, officer's or agent's direction, personally liable to any action, claim or demand whatsoever.

26.

Common seal of (1) The common seal of the Service shall be kept the Service and in the custody of the Corporation Secretary and shall not be execution of affixed to any instrument or document except as the Chief documents.

Executive Officer may authorize.

(2) The common seal of the Service shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chief Executive Officer or any other person authorized in that behalf by a resolution of the Board 27.

Remuneration of The Service shall pay such remuneration and members of the allowances to the members of the Board, committees, and Board, the members of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal as committees, and approved by the Cabinet Secretary upon the the Accreditation recommendation of the Salaries and Remuneration Appeals Tribunal.

Commission.

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17 PART VFINANCIAL PROVISIONS 28.

(1) There is established a fund of the Service to The General Fund be known as the General Fund.

and investments.

(2) The Fund shall be the successor of the General Fund established under the Kenya Accreditation Service Order, 2009.

(3) The Fund shall vest in the Service.

(4) The Fund shall consist of such monies as (a) were held by the former Fund; (b) may accrue or vest to the Service in the exercise of its powers or the performance of its functions under this Act; (c) may be prescribed as fees or charges payable to the Service under the Act; (d) may be received as grants, gifts or donations; (e) may be appropriated for the purposes of the Service; and (f) may be borrowed or raised by the Service for the purpose of meeting any of its obligations or discharging any of its duties.

(5) The Service may invest any of its funds not immediately required for its purposes (a) as the Service may be directed by the Cabinet Secretary for the National Treasury; or (b) in such manner as may be approved by the Cabinet Secretary.

29.

Financial year.

The financial year of the Service shall be the period of twelve months ending on the 30th June.

30.

(1) The Board shall, before the commencement of Annual estimates.

each financial year, cause to be prepared and shall approve the estimates of the revenues and expenditures of the Service for that financial year.

(2) The estimates of revenues and expenditures of the Service shall, in particular, provide for the (a) payment of salaries, allowances and other charges in respect of the staff of the Service; 740 17 No.

Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 (b) payment of pensions, gratuities and other retirement benefits which shall be payable out of the funds of the Service; (c) training, research, investor education and securities industry development activities of the Service; (d) acquisition, maintenance, repair and replacement of equipment and other movable and immovable property of the Service; (e) creation of reserve funds to meet the future or contingent liabilities of the Service; and (f) expenditure incurred by the Service in the exercise of its powers and the performance of its functions.

(3) The Service shall submit the estimates of revenues and expenditures of the Service to the Cabinet Secretary for approval.

31.

Accounts and (1) The Board of the Service shall cause to be kept audit.

all proper books and records of account of the income, expenditure, assets and liabilities of the Service in accordance with the Public Finance Management Act.

(2) The accounts of the Service shall be audited and No.

18 of 2012.

reported on in accordance with the provisions of Article No.

34 of 2015 226 and 229 of the Constitution and the Public Audit Act.

32.

Exemptions from No duty shall be chargeable under the Stamp Duty stamp duty.

Act in respect of any instrument executed by or on behalf of the Service for which the Service would ordinarily be Cap.

480.

liable to pay.

33.

General offence (1) A conformity assessment body not being and penalty.

accredited by the Service which makes any claim or uses any accreditation symbol in relation to any goods, processes, services, or facilities which may imply that the conformity assessment body is accredited when not being so accredited, commits an offence under this Act and shall be liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand shillings.

(2) A person who is convicted of an offence under this Act for which no other penalty is prescribed shall be liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand shillings or to both.

741 No.

17 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service PART VIPROVISIONS ON DELEGATED POWERS 34.

(1) The Cabinet Secretary may make regulations Regulations.

for better carrying into effect the provisions of this Act and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, for all or any of the following purposes (a) the scope of activity for which the Service may grant accreditation; (b) the functions of accredited conformity assessment bodies; and (c) any other matter necessary for the proper administration of this Act.

(2) For the purposes of Article 94(6) of the Constitution (a) the purpose and objective of the delegation under this section is to enable the Cabinet Secretary to make regulations for better carrying into effect the provisions of this Act; (b) the authority of the Cabinet Secretary to make regulations under this Act shall be limited to bringing into effect the provisions of this Act and fulfilment of the objectives specified under this section; (c) the principles and standards applicable to the delegated power are those found in No.

23 of 2013.

(i) the Statutory Instruments Act; (ii) the Interpretation and General Provisions Act; (iii) the general rules of international law as Cap.

2 specified under Article 2 (5) of the Constitution; and (iv) any treaty and convention ratified by Kenya under Article 2(6) of the Constitution.

PART VIIREPEAL AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 35.

(1) The members of the Board of Directors of the Transitional Service appointed under the Kenya Accreditation Service provisions.

Order, 2009, hereinafter referred to as the "former LN.

No.

55 of Service", who qualify under this Act, shall continue to hold 742 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 office as members of the Board until the expiry of the 2009 remainder of their terms of office.

(2) Any Regulation made or other instrument issued under the Kenya Accreditation Service Order, 2009, shall continue to have effect as if the Regulation or instrument were made or issued under this Act.

(3) All the property, assets, rights, liabilities, obligations or agreements vested in, acquired, incurred or entered into by or on behalf of the former Service, shall be considered to have been vested in, acquired, incurred or entered into by the Service under this Act.

(4) All persons who, before the commencement of this Act, were employees of the former Service shall, at the commencement of this Act, be considered to be the staff of the Service under this Act.

(5) Any waiver, exemption or no objection granted or any enforcement action taken against any person under the Kenya Accreditation Service Order, 2009, shall continue to LN.

No.

55 of have effect as if that waiver, exemption or no objection 2009 granted or any enforcement action taken against any person was given or imposed under this Act.

(6) Any accreditation certificate granted under the Kenya Accreditation Service Order, 2009, shall continue to be valid under this Act until the expiry of its validity period.

PART VIIICONDUCT OF THE BUSINESS AND AFFAIRS OF THE BOARD 36.

(1) Where a member is directly or indirectly Disclosure of interested in any matter before the Board and is present at a interest.

meeting of the Board at which the matter shall be considered, deliberated or voted on, that member shall, at that meeting as soon as is practicable after the meeting has commenced, but before any deliberations have occurred, disclose that interest and shall not take part in the consideration, deliberations or votes on the matter and shall not be counted in the quorum of the meeting during the consideration, deliberation or vote on that matter.

(2) A disclosure of interest under this section shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting at which the disclosure is made.

743 No.

17 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service FIRST SCHEDULE PROCEDURE FOR MEETINGS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS.

[s.7 (5)] 1.

The Board shall meet not less than four times in every year and not more than four months shall elapse between the date of one meeting of the Board and the date of the next meeting.

2.

Despite the provisions of paragraph 1, the Chairperson shall, upon a written request of at least five members of the Board, convene a special meeting of the Board for the transaction of the Business of the Board.

3.

Unless three-quarters of the members of the Board otherwise agree, the chairperson shall give a notice of fourteen days of every meeting of the Board.

4.

No meeting of the Board may be held at any place except the registered office of the Service: Provided that the Board may, in writing, authorise a meeting of the Board to be held at a place that is not a registered office of the Service.

5.

The Chairperson shall preside at every meeting of the Board at which the Chairperson is present: Provided that in the absence of the Chairperson, the members present shall select one of their number to preside at that meeting.

6.

A decision on, any matter before the Board shall be made unanimously, but where a unanimous decision cannot be made, the members present shall decide the matter by a majority vote and in case of a tied vote the Chairperson or the person selected to act as the Chairperson shall cast the deciding vote.

7.

The Board shall maintain written minutes of each meeting.

744 No.

17 Kenya Accreditation Service 2019 SECOND SCHEDULE PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE ACCREDITATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

[s.9 (6)] The Accreditation Advisory Committee shall meet at least four 1.

times in every year.

2.

The Service shall, at the commencement of each year, publish a calendar of events setting out the dates and times of the meetings and related activities of the Accreditation Advisory Committee.

Provided that the Secretary shall give all members a five days' notice incorporating the agenda of the Accreditation Advisory Committee meeting.

3.

A special meeting of the Accreditation Advisory Committee may be held on a date and at a time determined by the Accreditation Advisory Committee or as the Secretary in consultation with the members of the Accreditation Advisory Committee may determine.

4.

The Members of the Accreditation Advisory Committee shall at their first meeting elect a Chairperson and Vice Chairperson from amongst their number.

5.

A decision on any matter before the Accreditation Advisory Committee shall be by consensus.

Provided that where there is no consensus, the members present shall decide the matter by a majority vote, in the case of a tie, the Chairperson shall have a casting vote.

6.

Each Accreditation Advisory Committee shall maintain written minutes of its meetings and the minutes shall be kept in the custody of the Secretary.

7.

The Secretary of the Accreditation Advisory Committee may, through written consultation with the members of the Accreditation Advisory Committee, take action on any urgent matter, which cannot wait to be considered at a meeting of the Accreditation Advisory Committee and report at the next meeting of the Accreditation Advisory Committee.

745 No.

17 2019 Kenya Accreditation Service THIRD SCHEDULE PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE ACCREDITATION APPEALS TRIBUNAL.

[s.16 (4)] The Accreditation Appeals Tribunal may, to avoid delay or 1.

unnecessary expense or for any justifiable reason, receive evidence by affidavit and may specify the period within which it may hear evidence in person from witnesses.

The Accreditation Appeals Tribunal may when making an award 2.

under this Act, consider any evidence that it considers relevant to the matter before it: Provided that the evidence shall not be inadmissible under the Evidence Act, Cap.

80.

A party to an appeal before the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal 3.

may be represented by an Advocate or any other person as may be prescribed by the Tribunal.

4.

All summonses, notices or other documents issued under the hand of the Chairperson of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall be considered to have been issued by the Tribunal.

5.

The Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall appoint the place and time for its sitting.

6.

The proceedings of the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall be open to the public except where the Tribunal, with reasonable cause, directs otherwise.

7.

The quorum of an Accreditation Appeals Tribunal shall be the chairperson and two other members.

8.

(1) Where a member has a direct or indirect interest in any appeal or other matter before the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal, and is present at a meeting of the Tribunal at which the appeal shall be determined, the member shall, as soon as is practicable after the meeting has commenced, but before any deliberations have occurred, disclose that fact and shall be excluded from that meeting.

(2) A disclosure of interest under this section shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting at which the disclosure is made.

9.

Where the Accreditation Appeals Tribunal has made an award, it shall, within seven days notify the parties of the making of the award.

.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

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Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

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Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
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- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way