Kadhi S Courts Act Cap 11 - as Plain Text by MWakili

LAWS OF KENYA KADHIS COURTS ACT CHAPTER 11 Revised Edition 2012 [2010] Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General www.kenyalaw.org [Rev.

2012] CAP.


Short title.




Number of Kadhis.


Establishment of Kadhis Courts.


Jurisdiction of Kadhis Courts.




Records and returns.


Procedure and practice.

3 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] CAP.

11 Kadhis Courts CHAPTER 11 KADHIS COURTS ACT [Date of assent: 14th June, 1967.] [Date of commencement: 1st August, 1967.] An Act of Parliament to prescribe certain matters relating to Kadhis courts under the Constitution, to make further provision concerning Kadhis courts, and for purposes connected therewith and incidental thereto [Act No.

11 of 1970, Act No.

13 of 1972, Act No.

16 of 1977, Act No.

11 of 1983, Act No.

18 of 1986, Act No.

10 of 1997.] 1.

Short title This Act may be cited as the Kadhis Courts Act.


Interpretation In this Act, Kadhi means a person appointed to or to act in the office of the Chief Kadhi or the office of Kadhi referred to in section 66 of the Constitution; 3.

Number of Kadhis For the purposes of section 66(1) of the Constitution, there shall be such number of Kadhis, in addition to the Chief Kadhi, as may be prescribed by the President by order, being in any case not less than three.

[Act No.

16 of 1977, Sch.] 4.

Establishment of Kadhis Courts (1) In pursuance of section 66(3) of the Constitution there shall be established such number of kadhis courts as the Chief Justice may, in consultation with the Chief Kadhi, determine.

(2) The Kadhis courts shall have jurisdiction as follows (a) three kadhis courts shall each have jurisdiction within Kwale District, Mombasa District, Kilifi District and Lamu District; (b) one kadhis court shall have jurisdiction within (i) Nyanza Province; (ii) Western Province; and (iii) the following districts of Rift Valley Province West Pokot District; Trans Nzoia District; Elgeyo Marakwet District; Baringo District; 5 [Issue 1] CAP.

11 [Rev.

2012] Kadhis Courts Laikipia District; Nandi District; Uasin Gishu District; Kericho District; Nakuru District; (c) one court shall have jurisdiction within Wajir District and Mandera District; (d) one court shall have jurisdiction within the Nairobi Area and the Central and Eastern Provinces except Marsabit District and Isiolo District; (e) one court shall have jurisdiction in Garissa District and Tana River District; (f) one court shall have jurisdiction in Marsabit District and Isiolo District.

(3) Each of the Kadhis Courts shall be a court subordinate to the High Court and shall be duly constituted when held by the Chief Kadhi or a Kadhi.

(4) A Kadhis Court may be held at any place within the area of jurisdiction of the Court.

[Act No.

11of 1970, Sch., Act No.

13 of 1972, Sch., Act No.

16 of 1977, Sch., Act No.

11 of 1983, Sch., Act No.

18 of 1986, Sch.] 5.

Jurisdiction of Kadhis Courts A Kadhis court shall have and exercise the following jurisdiction, namely the determination of questions of Muslim law relating to personal status, marriage, divorce or inheritance in proceedings in which all the parties profess the Muslim religion; but nothing in this section shall limit the jurisdiction of the High Court or of any subordinate court in any proceeding which comes before it.


Evidence The law and rules of evidence to be applied in a Kadhis Court shall be those applicable under Muslim law: Provided that (i) all witnesses called shall be heard without discrimination on grounds of religion, sex or otherwise; (ii) each issue of fact shall be decided upon an assessment of the credibility of all the evidence before the Court and not upon the number of witnesses who have given evidence; (iii) no finding, decree or order of the Court shall be reversed or altered on appeal or revision on account of the application of the law or rules of evidence applicable in the High Court, unless such application has in fact occasioned a failure of justice.


Records and returns Every Kadhis Court shall keep such records of proceedings and submit such returns of proceedings to the High Court as the Chief Justice may from time to time direct.

[Issue 1] 6 [Rev.

2012] CAP.

11 Kadhis Courts 8.

Procedure and practice (1) The Chief Justice may make rules of court providing for the procedure and practice to be followed in Kadhis courts.

(2) Until rules of court are made under subsection (1) of this section and so far as such rules do not extend, procedure and practice in a Kadhis Court shall be in accordance with those prescribed for subordinate courts by and under the Civil Procedure Act (Cap.


7 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] CAP.

11 Kadhis Courts [Subsidiary] CHAPTER 11 KADHIS COURTS ACT SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION List of Subsidiary Legislation Page 1.

Kadhis Courts Order.

11 9 [Issue 1] [Rev.

2012] CAP.


260/1977, L.N.

1/1984.] 1.

This Order may be cited as the Kadhis Courts Order.


For the purposes of section 66 (1) of the Constitution there shall be, in addition to the Chief Kadhi, eight Kadhis.

11 [Issue 1].

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