Hydrologists Act No 19of 2017 - as Plain Text by MWakili

SPECIAL ISSUE ^.*.x:"" Kenya Gazette Supplement No.99 (Acts No.

19) -s'$t$ REPUBLIC OF KENYA KENYA GAZETTE SUPPLEMENT ACTS, 2017 NAIROBI, 23rd, June, 2017 CONTENT Act- PAGE The Hydrologists Act, 2017.

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19 of 2017 Date of Assent: 2Ist June, 2017 Date of Commencement: 7th July, 2017 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section PART I - PRELIMINARY 1-Citation.



4-Functions of the Board.

5-Powers of the Board.

6-Composition of the Board.

7-{onduct of business and affairs of the Board.

S-Protection from personal liability.

9-Allowances for Board members.

lG-Staff of the Board.

1l-Delegation by the Board.


l3-Registers to be kept.

14-Publication of register and list.

l5-Publication prima facie evidence of registration.

16-Inspection of register.

l7-Proof of documents.

I8-Qualifi cations for registration.

19-Temporary registration.

2O-Annual licence.

3',t4 No.l9 HYdrologists 2017 Zl-Practising as a hydrologist.

2}-Power to remove from and correct register.

23-Restoration to the register.

24-Powers to suspend registration, etc.

25-Procedures at inquiry.

26-Disobedience of summons and refusal to give evidence.



29-Financial year.

3G-Annual estimates.

3l-Accounts and audit.

32-Investment of funds.

PART V _GENERAL PROVISIONS 33-Restrictions on use of title by non'registered persons.

3zl---Dishonest practices.





375 2017 Hydrologists No.19 THE HYDROLOGISTS ACT, 2017 AI\l ACT of Parliament to provide for the registration of hydrologists and for connected purposes ENACTED by the Parliament of Kenya as follows- PART I-PRELIMINARY l.

This Act may be cited as the Hydrologists Act, Citation.



In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires- Interpretation.

"annual licence" means a licence issued under section 20; "Board" means the Hydrologists Registration Board established by this Act; "Cabinet Secretary" means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to water resources; "Chairperson" means the chairperson of the Board appointed under section 6; "consultant hydrologist" means a person whose name has been entered in the register under section I8(3); "hydrological assistant" means a person whose name has been entered in the register under section l8(2); "hydrological sciences" includes hydrology, hydraulics or fluid dynamics or computational or applied mathematics; "hydrologist" means a person whose name has been entered in the register under section 18 (1); "register" means any of the registers required to be kept under section 13; "Registrar" means the Registrar of the Board appointed under section 12; and "Society" means the Hydrological Society of Kenya registered under the Societies Act and existing at the commencement of this Act.




(l) There is established a board, to be known as the Establishment of Hydrologists Registration Board.

thc Board.

376 Hydrologists 2017 No.19 (2) The Board shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a corrmon seal and shall in its corporate name, be capable of- (a) suing and being sued; (b) borrowing or lending money; (c) taking, purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding, charging or disposing of movable and immovable property; (d) entering into contacts; and (e) doing or performing all other things or acts for the furtherance of the provisions of this Act which may be lawfully done or performed by a body corporate.


The functions of the Board shall be- Functions of the Board.

(a) to regulate, co-ordinate and oversee the practice of hydrology; (b) to promote standards of professional competence and practice amongst hydrologists; (c) to co-ordinate research, investigations and surveys in the hydrological field; (d) to recognize institutions that furnish a sufficient guarantee of academic knowledge of and practical experience in hydrology; (e) to demand and certifu hydrological studies and reports necessary for design of hydraulic structures; (0 to collaborate with other bodies or organizations in development of programs and facilities for advancement of hydrology and well-being of hydrologists; and (g) to perform any other function that is incidental or consequential to its functions under this Act or any other written law.


The Board shall- Powcrs of thc Board.

(a) have all powers necessary for the proper performance of its functions under this Act; 377 2Ol7 HYdrologists No.19 (b) administer its assets and funds in such manner and for such purpose as shall promote the best interest of the Board in accordance with this Act; (c) have power to receive gifts, donations, grants or other moneys and equipment and make legitimete disbursements therefrom; and (d) have power to enter into associations with suct other p"rsons, bodies or organizations within or outside Kenya as the Board may consider appropriate in furtherance of the purposes for which the Board is established.


(l) The Board shall consist of- Composition of thc Board.

(a) a Chairperson who shall be a member of the Society and appointed by the Cabinet Secretary; (b) the Principal Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to water resources; (c) the Principal Secretary for the time being responsible-for matters relating to finance; (e) the Principal Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to roads construction; (f) the AttorneY-General; (g) the Chief HYdrologist; (h) rwo other persons appointed by tttg 9"U-h:! Secretary byvirtue of their experience in the fiold of hydrologY; (i) a representative of the National Environrnent Management AuthoritY; and O the Registrar who shall be an ex offsis member sf the Board.

(2) All the members of the Board under paragraphs 0), G)L (d), (e) and (f) of subsection (1) may attend the ,n.!ti"gt' of tne Board in person or dcsignate a representative to attend on their behalf.


The conduct of business and affairs of tbe Board Conduct of busincss end shall be as provided in the Schedule.

rffeirs of thc Boerd.

378 Hydrologists No.19 2017 8.

A member of the Board shall not be personally Protection from liable for any act or omission of the Board done or omitted personal liability.

to be done in good faith in the course of carrying out the resp-onsibilities and functions of, or exercising the powers conferred upon, the Board.


The Board shall pay members of the Board such Allowanccs of remuneration, fees or allowances for expenses as it may Board members.

determine after consultation with the cabinet secretary for the time being responsible for finance.


The Board may appoint such officers and other Staff of the staff as are necessary for the proper discharge of its Board.

functions under this Act, upon such terms and con-rlitions of service as it may determine, in consultation with the Salaries and Remuneration Commission.


The Board may, by resolution generally or in any Delegation by the particular case, delegate to any committee of the Board the Board.

exercis-e of any of the powers or of the performance of any of the functions or duties of the Board under this Act.


(l) The Cabinet Secretary shall appoint a public The Regisrar.

officer as the Registrar of the Board.

(2) The Registrar shall hold and vacate office in accordance with the terms and conditions of his or her appointment.


(l) The Registrar shall compile and keep in a place Registers to be as may be directed by the Board the following registers_ kcpt.

(a) a register of hydrologists; (b) a register of hydrological assistants; and (c) a register of consultant hydrologists.


@ Subject to payment of the prescribed fee, there shall be entered and maintained in the appropriate register, the name, address and date of entry of every person eititled to -be registered under this Act togltlrer with his profe-ssional qualifications and such othir particulars as may be prescribed by the Board.


(3) The Registrar shall keep or cause to be kept up-to- date all registers or records required to be kept undir or fo, the purposes of this Act, subject to any directions which may from time to time be issued by the Board.

379 2017 Hydrologists No.19 14.

(l) The Registrar shall cause to be published in the Publication of Gazette, as soon as may be practicable after registration, register and list.

the name, address and qualifications of every person registered under this Act.

(2) The Registrar shall, subject to the directions of the Board, cause to be published in the Gazette any amendments to or deletion from the register.

(3) The Registrar shall cause to be published in the Gazette, at the beginning of each year, a list containing the names, addresses and qualifications of all persons remaining on the register at the close of the previous year.


(l) A publication under section 14 shall be prima Pubhcation prima facie evidence that the persons named therein are registered Jacie evidence of under this Act.


(2) The deletion from the register of the name of any person notified by such publication or the absence of the name of any person from such publication, shall be prima facie evidence that such person is not so registered.


Any person may, during normal office hours and Inspcction of on payment of the prescribed fee, inspect the register or register.

any document or entry in the register and may obtain from the Registrar a copy of, or an extract from, the register or any such document.


(l) In any legal proceedings, any document Proof of purporting to be a copy of or an extract from the register or documents.

any document kept or published by the Registrar, and purporting to be certified by the Registrar to be a true copy or extract, shall be admissible as prima facie evidence of the contents of the register or document.

(2) No process for compelling the production of the register or any document kept by the Registrar shall issue from any court except with the leave of that court, and any such process which is so issued shall bear a statement that it was issued with the leave of the court.

(3)The Registrar shall not, in any legal proceedings to which he is not aparty, be compelled to- (a) produce the register or any document if its contents can be proved under subsection (1); or (b) appear as a witness to prove any entry in the register, the matters recorded in the register or any 380 No.19 Hydrologists 2017 such documnt, unless the court for special case so orders.


(l) A pecon shall, on making an application to the Qualifications for Board in the prescribed form and on payment of the regisEetion.

prescribed fee, be registered as a hydrologist if he or she- (a) is a holdcr of a degree or postgraduate diploma in hydrological sciences; (b) is a member of the Society; (c) has had not less than two years practical experience in the hydrological field.

(2) A penon shall, on making an application to the Board in the prescribed form and on payment of the prescribed fee, be registered as a hydrological assistant if he- (a) is a holder of a diploma or an equivalent qualification in hydrology from a polytechnic or college recognized for the time being by the Board; (b) has hd not less than three years practical experiance of such a nature as to satisff the Board as to his competence to practise as a hydrological assistant; and (c) is a mernber of thc Society.

(3) A persoo shall, on making an application to the Board in the prcscribed form and on payment of the prescribed fee, be registcrcd as a consultant hydrologist if he or she- (a) has prrctiid for at least seven years or such a period dctcrmined by the Board as a hydrologist registercd undr this Act; and (b) has satisfid the Board as to his or her having achieved a *andard of competence to enable him or her to prrctise as a consultant hydrologist.

(a) The Board mey require an applicant for registration to satisff it thst his or her professional and general conduct have been such &s, in the opinion of the Board, to rnake him or her a fit and proper person to be registered under this Act and the Board may direct the 381 Hydrologists No.19 2017 Registrar to postpone the registration of an applicant until so satisfied.


(l) Where a person satisfies the Board- Tcmponry registntion.

(a) that he or she is not ordinarily resident in Kenya; (b) that he or she is or intends to be Present in Kenya for the express purpose of carrying out -specific work for which hi oi she has been engaged; and (c) that he or she is, or was immediately.

before entering Kenya, in practice in such a capacity aslo satisffIhe Board of tris or her fitness to serve the publii as a person registered under this Act, the Board may, if it thinks fit, direct that such person shall be registered either for a period not exceeding one year or for ihe duration of any specific work' (2) An application for registration under this section shall Le in the prescribed form and accompanied bV-a no5 iefundable fee of ten thousand shillings or such other fee that may be prescribed by the Cabinet Secretary under section 35(e).

I (3) The Board may requirg an applicant to.

appear I bf considering his application, and befori it for the purpose to produce documentary shall require every applicant prior to evidence of his woik or-employment immediately his entering KenYa.

(4) Registration of a person ulder this section shall continue ority for the period or for the duration of the work sfecified by the Board and the decision of the Board as to ,ih.th.r or not the work has terminated shall be conclusive.

(5) A person registered under this section shall, in relation to the periodor the work specified and to things aor" o,.

omitted in respect thereof, bi treated as registered under this Act but in relation to other matters shall be treated as not so registered.


(1) A person who is registered under this Act Annual liccncc.

shall, if he'or she intends to practice in a particular year, apply for an annual licence.

(2) An application for an annual licence shall be in the presciibed f;;m and shall be accompanied by the prescribed fees.

382 Hydrologists No.19 2017 ^.


(3) The prescribed fee shall be as determined by the Cabinet Secretary from time to time.

(9e"V sum payable under subsection (2) shall be .applied by the Board in such manner as may bi prescribed by the Cabinet Secretary and any ,.rrn pryuble under subsection (2) shall b9 qaid by the Eioard to ftre Treasury in such manner as the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for finance shall prescribe.

(5) An annual licence shall bear the date on which it is issued and shall be effective from that date, and shall expire at the end of the licence year in which it is issued.

(6) Where the name of a person registered under this Act is removed from the register, the annual licence of that person shall expire immediately.

(7) The licence year shall be from the first day of January to the thirty first day of December in each year.


.(8)T!9 Registrar shall enter on the register a notice of the date of issue of every annual licence.


(]) A_person practices as a hydrologist if, in practiceor consideration of remuneration or other benefits rEceived or hvdrologv' to be received and whether by himself or in partnership with any other person he or she- (a) engages in _the public practice of hydrology or holds himself out to the public as a peison to do so; "ritittea (b) offers to perform-or performs services involving the verification of hydrological data, studies ani design or hydrometric installations; (c) offers_ to perform or performs services involving hydrological studies, design and investigations ani assessment of water resources potentialf or (d) engages in any practice, or performs or offers to perform any services, which may be prescribed.

(2) A person employed by the national or county government 9r by any other person or organization, and who is entitled to remuneration from suJh employment shall not, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be a person who practices hydrology under subsection (1).

383 2017 Hydrologists No.19 22, (l) The Board may at any time direct the Registrar Power to remove to remove from the register, the name of a person who- from and conect register.

(a) fails within a period of six months from the date of an inquiry sent by the Registrar by prepaid registered letter to the address appearing in the register against his name, to noti$r the Registrar of his current address; (b) requests that his name be removed from the register, in which case such person may be required to satisfy the Board by affrdavit lodged with the Registrar that no criminal proceedingj or proceedings under section 24 are being or are likely to be taken against him or her; (c) is found by the Board to be guilty of such misconduct subject to section 24; or (d) fails to renew the annual licence issued by the Board enabling him or her to practise as a person registered under this Act within a period of three months from the date of explry of the previous licence.

(2) The Registrar may without direction of the Board remove from the register- (a) the name of a registered person who dies; or (b) any entry which was incorrectly or fraudulently made.

(3) Except where no address is provided or where a person dies, the Registrar shall notiff the person whose name is removed from the register of such removal by registered post.

(4) Subject to section 23, a person whose name has been removed from the register shall cease from the date of such removal to be registered for the purposes of this Act.


(l) Where the name of any person has been Restoration to the removed from the register under section'22, the name of register.

that person shall not be again entered in the register except by direction of the Board.

(2) Where the name of any person has been removed from the register or the effect of the registration of any person has been suspended in terms of section 24(l)(b), the 384 Hydrologists 2017 No.19 Board may, either of its own motion or on the application of the person concerned made in the prescribed- manner' and in iither c:lse after holding such inquiry as the Board thinks fit, direct that- (a) the removal from the register be confirmed; or (b) the name of that person be restored to the register; or (c) the suspension of the effect of the registration of that person be terminated.

(3)A direction given by the Board under subsection (2) may include provision for the date upon which a ieitoration to the register or the termination of a suspension of the effect of registration shall take effect and for the payment by the person concerned of such fee, not ixleeding the fee payable on an application for registration, as the Board may determine.


(l) If a person registered under this Act is PoweB to this Act, or is, after due suspcnd etc.

convicted of an offence under guilty of an registration, inquiry held by the Board, found to have been acf oi omission amounting to improper or disgraceful conduct in a professional respect, the Board may- (a) caution or censure such a person; (b) suspend his or her registration for a period; or (c) direct that his name be removed from the register.

(2) For the purposes of this section, a hydrologist who describes himself or herself as a consultant hydrologist shall be guilty of improper conduct in a professional respect if he or she can be shown to have any direct- or indirect interest such as would tend to influence his or her exercise of independent professional judgment in the matters upon which he or she advises.

(3) For the purposes of this section, a hydrological assistant who describes himself or herself in any way so as to imply that he or she is, or so as to lead any person to think that he or she is, qualified for registration as a hydrologist shall be guilty of improper or disgraceful conduct in a professional respect.


(l) Upon any inquiry held by the Board under this Proccdurcs at Act, the person whose conduct is being inquired into shall inqury.

385 2017 HYdrologists No.19 be entitled to appeal and to be heard in person or to be represented by an advocate.

(2)For the purposes of proceedings at any inquiry held by it, the Board shall have power te- (a) administer oaths; (b) summon persons to attend and give evidence; and (c) order the production of documents.

(3) All summonses and orders issued under the hand of the Chairperson or Registrar shall be deemed to be issued by the Board.

(a)The Registrar shall record or cause to be recorded a summary of all evidence given at an inquiry held by the Board.

(5) Subject to this section and to any Regulations made under section 35, the Board shall have power to regulate its own procedure at an inquiry held by it.

(6) For the purposes of Chapter XI of the Penal Code, an inquiry held by the Board shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding.


(l) Any person upon whom a summons or order Disobedicnce of who- summons and issued under section 25 has been served rcfusal to givc (a) without sufficient cause does not attend at the time cvidence.

and place mentioned therein; (b) refuses without sufficient cause to answer fully and satisfactorily to the best of his or her knowledge and belief all questions put to him or her by orwith the concurrence of the Board; or (c) refuses or omits to produce any documents in -his possession or under his control which are specified in the order, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand shillings.

(2) A person giving evidence before the Board shall, in respect of any evidence given by him or any document produied by him, be entitled to all the priv!l_9g9s-to which -he would be entitled as a witness before the High Court.


(l) A person aggrieved by a decision of the Board- 386 No.

19 Hydrologists 2017 (a) to refuse to register his or her name; (b) to remove the name of a person registered under this Act from the register; or (c) to suspend the effect of or to refuse to restore his or her name to the register, may appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Board.

(1) (2) A High Court hearing an appeal under subsection may give such directions in the matter as it thinks proper, and any order of the High Court under this section shall be final.

(3) The Board may appear as respondent and be heard on any appeal against its decision and, for the purpose of enabling directions to be given as to the costs oi any such appeal, the Board shall be deemed to be a party thereto, whether or not it appears at the hearing of the ippeal.

(4)Until rules of court are made under the Judicature Act for such appeals, and subject to any such rules when -u9jt the provisions of the Civil Procedure Act shall apply Cap.8.

as if the decision or direction of the Board were a decree of Cap.2l.

a subordinate court exercising original jurisdiction.


The funds and assets of the Board shall consist of- Funds of the Board.

(a) such moneys or assets as may accrue to or vest in the Board in the course of the exercise of the powers or the performance of its functions under this Act; (b) such moneys as may be payable to the Board pursuant to this Act or any other written law; (c) such gifts as may be given to the Board; (d) such moneys as may be appropriated by Parliament for the purposes of the Board; and (e) all moneys from any other source provided, donated or lent to the Board.

29.The financial year of the Board shall be the period Financial year.

of twelve months ending on the thinieth day of June in each year.


(l) At least three months before the Annualestimates.

cornmencement of each financial year, the Board shall 387 2017 Hydrologists No.

19 cause to be prepared estimates of the revenue and expenditure of the Board for that year.

(2) The annual estimates shall make provisions for all estimated- expenditure of the Board for the financial year concerned, and in particular shall provide for the- (a) payment of salaries, allowances, pensions, gratuities and other charges in reipect of retirement benefits which are payable out of the funds of the Board; (b) proper maintenance of the buildings and grounds of the Board; (c) proper maintenance, repair and replacement of the equipment and other property of the Board; and (d) creation of such reserve funds to meet future or contingent liabilities in respect of retirement benefits, insurance or replacement of buildings or equipment, or in respect of such other matteis as the Board may think fit.

(3) The annual estimates shall be approved by the Board before commencement of the financii[year to which they relate, and shall be submitted to the Cabinet Secretary for approval, and after the Cabinet Secretary has given approval, the Board shall not increase the annual estiirates without the consent of the Cabinet Secretary.

^ !4) _No expenditure shall be incurred for the purposes of the Board except in accordance with the annual estimates approved under subsection (3) or in pursuance of an authorization of the Board given with the piior approval of the Cabinet Secretary.

- 31.

(1) The Board shall cause to be kept all proper Accountsand books and records of the income, expenditurl, ur."t, urrd audit' liabilities of the Board.

(2) Within a period of three months from the end of each financial year, the Board shall submit to the Auditor- General or to an auditor appointed under this section, the accounts of the Board together with- (a) a statement of income and expenditure during that year; and (b) a statement of the assets and liabilities of the Board on the last day of the year.

388 Hydrologists 2017 No.19 (3) The accounts of the Board shall be audited and reported upon in accordance with the Public Audit Act.


34 of20l5.


The Board may invest any of the funds in Investsncnt of in which the Board may by law invest funds for funds.

securities which the Treasury may from or in any other securities time to time approve for that purpose.


(1) Any person who- Rcstrictions on use of titles by non-registcrcd pcrsons.

(a) pretends to be a hydrologist or a hydrological issistant or a consultant hydrologist; or (b) subject to section 36, takes or uses in any way the styli or title of "hydrologist" in describing his or her occupation or business or any other name, style, title, addition or description implying w-hether in itself or in the circumstances in which it is used, that such person is a hydrologist; or (c) in any way hotds himself or herself out to be a hydrologist of anY descriPtion, commits an offence and shall be tiable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.

who- (2) AnV person (a) being registered under this Act as a hydrological ' - assisiantln any way pretends to be or acts as if he or she was a hYdrologist; or (b) being registered under this Act as a hydrologistor ' ' a hydrological assistant in any way pretends.

to.be or act as ii he or she was a consultant hydrologist; or (c) being registered under this Act, in one or more category pretends to be, or acts as if he or she was, registered in another category, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding ten thousand shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.

389 2017 Hydrologists No.19 34.

Any person who- Dishonest practiccs.

(a) fraudulently makes, or causes or pennits to be made, any false or incolrect entry in the register or any copy thereof; or (b) fraudulently procures or attempts to procure himself or herself or any other person to be registered; or (c) knowingly and wilfully makes any statement which is false in a material particular, or which is misleading, with a view to gaining any advantage, concession or privilege under this Act, whether for himself or herself or for any other person; or (d) practices or attempts to practice as a person registered under this Act without holding a current valid annual licence, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.


Subject to section 27(4), the Cabinet Secretary, ReBulations' may make regulations generally for the better carrying out of ihe provisions of this Act, and, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, any such regulations may provide for- (a) the conduct of the business of the Board and the procedure to be followed by the Board in any inquiry under this Act; (b) the appointment by the Board amongst its members of sub-committees and the co-option of persons thereto; (c) the duties of the Registrar; (d) the issue of certificates of registration and annual licences; (e) the fees to be paid for anything which may be done under this Act; (f) the forms to be used under this Act; (g) the exemption of any persons or class of persons from all or any of the provisions of this Act, 390 Hydrologists 2017 No.19 provided they comply with such conditions as may be prescribed by the regulations; and (h) prescribing anything which under this Act may be prescribed.


The Cabinet Secretary may by regulations made Exemptions.

under section 35 exempt certain persons, or classes of persons in particular hydrology disciplines or in particular occupations or employment, from having to comply with any or all of the provisions of this Act.


(l) After the expiration of six months or such Transitional longer period as the Cabinet Secretary may declare by a provisions.

notice in the Gazette, after the commencement of this Act, no person shall practice as such unless he is a holder ofan annual licence that is in force.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (l) commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.


All Board members other than ex-fficio members Membership of shall, in addition to being fellows or ordinary members of the Board.

the Society, be persons eligible for registration under this Act.


Arry member of the Board, other than an ex-fficio Tenure of ofFrce.

member shall, subject to the provisions of this Schedule, hold office for a period not exceeding three years, on such terms as may be specified in the instrument of his or her appointment, but shall be eligible for re-appoinfinent for one further term of three years.


A member of the Board, other than ex-fficio Vacation of member, may- office.

(a) at any time resign from office by notice in writing to the Cabinet Secretary; (b) be removed from office by the Cabinet Secretary if the member- 391 Hydrologists No.

19 2017 (i) has been absent from three consecutive meetings of the Board without permission of the chairperson; (ii) is adjudged bankrupt or enters into a composition scheme or {urangement with his or her creditors; (iii) is convicted of a criminal offence involving dishonesty or fraud; (iv) is convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a term exceeding six months or to payment of a fine exceeding ten thousand shillings; or (v) is incapacitated by prolonged physical or mental illness or is deemed otherwise unfit to discharge his or her duties as a member of the Board.


(1) The Chairperson shall preside at every meeting Prcsiding of of the Board.

Board meetings.

(2) In the absence of the chairperson, or in the event of his or her incapacity from illness or any other cause, the functions of the chairperson shall be performed by the vice- chairperson.


(1) The Chairperson of the Board shall convene an Mcetings of ordinary meeting of the Board whenever it may be Board.

necessary or expedient for the transaction of its business and shall appoint a suitable time, place and date for the holding of each meeting.

(2) The chairperson of the Board may convene a special meeting of the Board at any time, and shall cause a special meeting of the Board to be held within twenty-one days after receiving a written request to do so signed by not fewer than three members of the Board.


(1) The chairperson or vice-chairperson and three Quorum and constitute a quorum at voting at mcetings other members of the board shall of Board.

any meeting of the Board.

(2) All acts, matters and things authorized to be done by the Board shall be decided by resolution at a meeting of the Board at which a quorum is present.

392 Hydrologists 2017 No.19 (3) A decision of the majority of members present and voting at a meeting of the Board shall be deemed to be a decision of the Board.

(4) Every member of the Board shall have one vote, and in the event of an equality of votes the person presiding shall have a second or casting vote in addition to his deliberative vote.

(5) Notwithstanding subparagraph (2), where the chairperson so directs, a decision may be made by the Board without a meeting by circulation of the relevant papers among all the members and the expression in writing of their views, but any member may require that a decision shall be deferred for consideration at a meeting of the Board.


The validity of any proceedings of the Board shall Vacancies.

not be affected by any vacancy among the membership, or by any defect in the appointment at the meeting.


Minutes in proper form of each meeting of the Minutes of Board shall be kept, and shall be confirmed by the Board at meetings.

the next meeting and signed by the person presiding at the meeting.


Subject to this Schedule and to any regulations Procedure.

made under section 35, the Board may regulate its own procedure.


The seal of the Board shall not be affixed to any The seal of the instrument except in the presence of the chairperson or the Board.

Registrar and one other member of the Board.


Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way