M-Wakili

Foreign Investments Protection Cap 518 - as Plain Text by MWakili

LAWS OF KENYA The Foreign invesTmenTs ProTecTion AcT Chapter 518 Revised Edition 2010 (1990) Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney General www.kenyalaw.org CAP2.

518 Foreign Investments Protection [Rev.

2010 CHAPTER 518 35 of 1964, THE FOREIGN INVESTMENTS PROTECTION ACT 6 of 1976, 7 of 1988, Commencement Date: 15th December 1964 6 of 1994, 8 of 2009.

An Act of Parliament to give protection to certain approved foreign investments and for matters incidental thereto Short title.

Act.

1.

This Act may be cited as the Foreign Investments Protection Interpretation.

2.

(1) In this Act, except where the context otherwise requires 6 of 1976, Sch.

approved in relation to any enterprise, foreign currency, period, sum or amount means any enterprise, currency, period, sum or amount specied in the relevant certicate issued under section 3; foreign assets includes foreign currency, credits, rights, benets or property, any currency, credits, rights, benets or property obtained by the expenditure of foreign currency, the provision of foreign credit, or the use or exploitation of foreign rights, benets or property, and any prots from an investment in an approved enterprise by the holder of a certicate issued under section 3 in relation to that enterprise; foreign national means a person who is not a citizen of Kenya, and includes a body corporate which was not incorporated in Kenya.

(2) For the avoidance of doubt it is declared that assets shall not cease to be foreign assets by reason of their being assets in some other part of the Commonwealth, and that currency shall not cease to be foreign currency by reason of it being in Kenya as well as in some place outside Kenya, so long as, in the case of currency, the relevant sum originates from outside Kenya.

Foreign investors 3.

(1) A foreign national who proposes to invest foreign assets in may apply for and be Kenya may apply to the Minister for a certicate that the enterprise in granted certicates.

which the assets are proposed to be invested is an approved enterprise 6 of 1976, Sch., for the purposes of this Act.

7 of 1988, s.

3.

(2) The Minister shall consider every application made under subsection (1) and, in any case in which he is satised that the enterprise would further the economic development of, or would be of benet to, Kenya, he may issue a certicate to the applicant.

(3) (Deleted by 7 of 1988, s.

3).

Rev.

2010] Foreign Investments Protection CAP.

518 3 (4) Every certicate shall state (a) the name of the holder; (b) the name and a description of the enterprise; (c) the amount of the foreign assets invested or to be invested by the holder of the certicate in the enterprise divided as between (i) capital, being deemed to be a xed amount representing the equity of the holder in the enterprise for the purposes of this Act and which shall be expressed in the certicate in, and shall for the purposes of this Act be in, either Kenya currency or the relevant foreign currency; and (ii) any loan, which may be expressed in and may for the purposes of this Act be in, either Kenya currency or the relevant foreign currency; (d) the foreign currency invested or to be invested; (f) such other matters as may be necessary or desirable for the purposes of this Act.

(5) If the foreign assets have not yet been invested a conditional certicate shall be issued stating, in addition to the details specied in subsection (3), the period in which they shall be invested.

4.

The Minister may amend a certicate granted under section 3 Amendment of certicate.

(a) in any case in which he is satised that some other foreign 6 of 1976, Sch., national has succeeded to the interest in the enterprise of the 7 of 1988, s.

4.

holder of the certicate, by substituting for the name of the holder the name of his successor: Provided that the Minister shall not substitute the name of any person who has acquired the interest of the holder by the expenditure, directly or indirectly, of assets other than foreign assets; (b) in any case where an interest in the enterprise passes to any other person on the death of the holder; (c) in any case where the name of the enterprise is altered, by substituting the name as so altered; CAP4.

518 Foreign Investments Protection [Rev.

2010 (d) in any case in which new foreign assets are invested or are to be invested in the enterprise by the holder, or the holder has withdrawn or been paid, in accordance with this Act, any part of his investment by varying the approved amount in either Kenya currency or the relevant foreign currency in accordance therewith; (e) in any case where the investment consists of the acquisition of shares or stock of a body corporate, and new shares or stock are acquired otherwise than by the investment of assets which are not foreign assets, by amending the number or amount and the description thereof; (f) with the written consent of the holder of the certicate, by varying the approved foreign currency; (g) by extending the period during which foreign assets are to be invested; and (h) subject to these foregoing provisions and to the written consent of the holder, in such other manner as may be necessary or desirable.

Foreign assets to be 5.

If, at the time at which a certicate is issued under this Act, brought in during approved period.

any foreign assets or part thereof to which the certicate relates have not been invested in the approved enterprise, they shall be so invested within the approved period, and, if not so invested within that period, the certicate shall be deemed to have been revoked.

6.

(Repealed by 6 of 1994, s.74).

Transfer of prots, 7.

Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law for the time etc.

being in force, the holder of a certicate may, in respect of the approved 6 of 1976, Sch., enterprise to which the certicate relates, transfer out of Kenya in the 7 of 1988, s.

5.

approved foreign currency and at the prevailing rate of exchange 6 0f 1994 (a) the prots, including retained prots which have not been capitalized, after taxation, arising from or out of his investment in foreign assets: Provided that any increase in the capital value of the investment arising out of the sale of the whole or any part of the capital assets of the enterprise or revaluation of capital assets shall not be deemed to be prot arising from or out of the investment for the purposes of this Act; (b) the capital specied in the certicate as representing and Rev.

2010] Foreign Investments Protection CAP.

518 5 being deemed to be the xed amount of the equity of the holder of the certicate in the enterprise for the purpose of this Act: Provided that (i) where any amendment or variation is made in the amount of the capital under the provisions of section 4, the amended or varied amount shall be substituted for the original amount; and (ii) no additional amount or sum shall be added to the capital specied in the certicate (as amended or varied) to rep- resent any increase in the capital value of the investment since the issue of the certicate or since the last amend- ment or variation of the certicate; and (c) the principal and interest of any loan specied in the certicate.

Compulsory 8.

No approved enterprise or any property belonging thereto acquisition.

shall be compulsorily taken possession of, and no interest in or right over such enterprise or property shall be compulsorily acquired, except in accordance with the provisions concerning compulsory taking of possession and acquisition and the payment of full and prompt payment of compensation contained in section 75 of the Constitution and reproduced in the Schedule to this Act.

8A.

(Deleted by 6 of 1994, s.

74.) Special arrangement 8B.

(1) The Minister for Finance may, from time to time, for investment promotion and by notice in the Gazette declare that the arrangement specied in protection.

the notice, being arrangements made with the Government of any country with a view to promoting and protecting the investments 8 of 2009, s.66.

of that country in Kenya, shall have effect according to its tenor.

(2) A notice under this section may be amended or revoked by a subsequent notice and an amendment or revoking notice may contain such transitional provision or termination date as the Minister may consider necessary or expedient.

9.

The Minister may make regulations or give directions generally Regulations and for the better carrying out of the purposes of this Act and prescribing directions.

the manner in which applications shall be made for certicates under this Act, and the information which shall accompany those applications.

CAP6.

518 Foreign Investments Protection [Rev.

2010 scheDULe (s.

8) the Constitution of Kenya Protection from deprivation of property.

75.

(1) No property of any description shall be compulsorily taken possession of, and no interest in or right over property of any description shall be compulsorily acquired, except where the following conditions are satised, that is to say (a) the taking of possession or acquisition is necessary in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, town and country planning or the development or utilization of any property in such manner as to promote the public benet; and (b) the necessity therefor is such as to afford reasonable justication for the causing of any hardship that may result to any person having an interest in or right over the property; and (c) provision is made by a law applicable to that taking of possession or acquisition for the prompt payment of full compensation.

(2) Every person having an interest or right in or over property which is compulsorily taken possession of or whose interest in or right over any property is compulsorily acquired shall have a right of direct access to the High Court for (a) the determination of his interest or right, the legality of the taking of possession or acquisition of the property, interest or right, and the amount of any compensation to which he is entitled; and (b) the purpose of obtaining prompt payment of that compensation : Provided that if Parliament so provides in relation to any matter referred to in paragraph (a) the right of access shall be by way of appeal (exercisable as of right at the instance of the person having the right or interest in the property) from a tribunal or authority, other than the High Court, having jurisdiction under any law to determine that matter.

(3) The Chief Justice may make rules with respect to the practice and procedure of the High Court or any other tribunal or authority in relation to the jurisdiction conferred on the High Court by subsection (2) or exercisable by the other tribunal or authority for the purposes of Rev.

2010] Foreign Investments Protection CAP.

518 7 that subsection (including rules with respect to the time within which applications or appeals to the High Court or applications to the other tribunal or authority may be brought).

(4) and (5) (Deleted by 13 of 1977, s, 3).

(6) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of subsection (1) or (2) (a) to the extent that the law in question makes provision for the taking of possession or acquisition of any property (i) in satisfaction of any tax, duty, rate, cess or other impost; (ii) by way of penalty for breach of the law, whether under civil process or after conviction of a criminal offence under the law of Kenya; (iii) as an incident of a lease, tenancy, mortgage, charge, bill of sale, pledge or contract; (iv) in the execution of judgments or orders of a court in proceedings for the determination of civil rights or obligations; (v) in circumstances where it is reasonably necessary so to do because the property is in a dangerous state or injurious to the health of human beings, animals or plants; (vi) in consequence of any law with respect to the limitation of actions; or (vii) for so long only as may be necessary for the purposes of any examination, investigation, trial or inquiry or, in the case of land, for the purposes of the carrying out thereon of work of soil conservation or the conservation of other natural resources or work relating to agricultural development or improvement (being work relating to such development or improvement that the owner or occupier of the land has been required, and has without reasonable excuse refused or failed, to carry out), and except so far as that provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof is shown not to be reasonably justiable in a democratic society; or CAP8.

518 Foreign Investments Protection [Rev.

2010 (b) to the extent that the law in question makes provision for the taking of possession or acquisition of (i) enemy property; (ii) property of a deceased person, a person of unsound mind or a person who has not attained the age of eighteen years, for the purpose of its administration for the benet of the persons entitled to the benecial interest therein; (iii) property of a person adjudged bankrupt or a body cor- porate in liquidation, for the purpose of its administration for the benet of the creditors of the bankrupt or body corporate and, subject thereto, for the benet of other per- sons entitled to the benecial interest in the property; or (iv) property subject to a trust, for the purpose of vesting the property in persons appointed as trustees under the instrument creating the trust or by a court or, by order of a court, for the purpose of giving effect to the trust.

(7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any Act of Parliament shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the Act in question makes provision for the compulsory taking possession of any property or the compulsory acquisition of any interest in or right over property where that property, interest or right is vested in a body corporate, established by law for public purposes, in which no moneys have been invested other than moneys provided by Parliament.

.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way