M-Wakili

Finance Act 2012 - as Plain Text by MWakili

SPECIAL ISSUE Kenya Gazette Supplement No.

35 (Acts No.

4) REPUBLIC OF KENYA KENYA GAZETTE SUPPLEMENT ACTS, 2012 NAIROBI, 2nd May, 2012 CONTENT Act PAGE 147 The Finance Act, 2012 PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER, NAIROBI 1 147 THE FINANCE ACT No.

4 of 2012 Date of Assent: 27th April, 2012 Date of Commencement: See Section 1 An Act of Parliament to amend the law relating to various taxes and duties and for matters incidental thereto ENACTED by the Parliament of Kenya, as follows - PART I - PRELIMINARY 1.

This Act may be cited as the Finance Act, 2012, and Short title and shall come into operation, or be deemed to have come into commencement operation, as follows - January, 2006; (a) section 23, on the 1 St (b) sections 6, 10, 11, 12(a), 13, 16(a)(i), 16(a)(ii) 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22(a)(i), on the 9u' June, 2011; 1 (c) sections 3, 4, 5, 9, 14, 17, 22(b), 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 and 61, January, 2012; on the 1 st (d) sections 2, 7, 8, 24, 26, 31, 45, 46.

47.

48, 50 and May, 2012; 51, on the 2nd (e) sections 12(b), 15, 16(a)(iii), 16(b) and 22(a)(ii), on such date as the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, appoint.

148 2012 No.

4 Finance PART II CUSTOMS AND EXCISE Amendment of Section 95 of the Customs and Excise Act is section 95 of 2.

Cap.472.

amended (a) in subsection (5)(a) by inserting the words "or such further period, not exceeding six months, as the Commissioner may, on the application of a licensee, permit in respect of that licence" and (b) by inserting the following new Subsection after subsection (5) "(6) The Commissioner shall ensure that a metering device prescribed under subsection (4) does not compromise the safety of the goods or materials that are manufactured by a licensee or the health of the consumers of such goods or materials".

Amendment of 3.

Section 119 of the Customs and Excise Act is section 119 of amended by inserting the following new subsection Cap.472.

immediately after subsection (6) (7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) and (1A), the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, adjust the specific rate of excise duty to take account of inflation.

149 Finance No.

4 2012 4.

Section 127C of the Customs and Excise Act is Amendment of amended in subsection (2) by adding the words "except in the section 127C of case of beer and wine, where the value shall be the retail Cap.472.

selling price as determined in accordance with the regulations" immediately after the words "ex-factory selling price".

5.

Section 139 of the Customs and Excise Act is Amendment of amended in subsection (1) by inserting the following new section 139 of paragraph immediately after paragraph (h) Cap.472.

"(i) that in the case of water, remission shall be granted to such extent as the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, specify." 6.

The Fifth Schedule to the Customs and Excise Act is Amendment of amended - the Fifth Schedule to 1 in the manner specified in Part I of the First Cap.472.

(a) Schedule to this Act; (b) in the manner specified in Part II of the First Schedule to this Act; (c) in the manner specified in Part III of the First Schedule to this Act.

PART III VALUE ADDED TAX 7.

The Seventh Schedule to the Value Added Tax Act is Amendment of amended in paragraph 6(5) by deleting the word "an" the Seventh appearing after the words "any person to use" and Schedule to Cap.476.

substituting therefor the words "a General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) enabled." 150 No.

4 Finance 2012 Amendment of 8.

The Eighth Schedule to the Value Added Tax Act is Eighth Schedule amended in Part A in the manner specified in the Second to Cap 476.

Schedule to this Act.

PART IV INCOME TAX Amendment of 9.

Section 2 of the Income Tax Act is amended by section 2 of inserting the following new definition in proper alphabetical Cap.470.

sequence- "real estate investment trust" shall have the Cap.

485A meaning assigned to it in the Capital Markets Act; "winnings" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Betting, Lotteries and Gaming Act.

Cap.

131 Amendment of 10.

Section 4 of the Income Tax Act is amended in section.4 of paragraph (c) by deleting the expression "respect of'.

Cap 470.

Amendment of 11.

Section 5 of the Income Tax Act is amended in section 5 of subsection (4) Cap.470.

(a) by inserting the words "or his beneficiaries" immediately after the words "full time employee" wherever they occurs in paragraph (b); (b) by deleting paragraph (h) and substituting therefor the following new paragraph (h) For the purposes of this subsection 151 No.

4 2012 Finance (0 "beneficiaries" means the full time employee's spouse and not more than four children whose age shall not exceed twenty-one years; and (ii) "low income employee" means an employee whose taxable income is not subject to tax at the rate of more than twenty per cent under Head B of the Third Schedule to this Act.

12.

Section 10 of the Income Tax Act is amended Amendment to section 10 of in paragraph (c), by inserting the words Cap.470.

(a) "and deemed interest" immediately after the word "interest"; (b) by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph (f) (g) winnings from betting and gaming.

13.

Section 16 of the Income Tax Act is amended by Amendment of inserting the following new subsection immediately after section 16 of Cap.470.

subsection (4)- (5) The Commissioner shall prescribe the form and manner in which the deemed interest shall be computed and the period for which it shall be applicable.

I 52 No.

4 Finance 2012 Amendment of 14.

Section 20 of the Income Tax Act is amended by section 20 of inserting the following paragraph immediately after Cap .470.

paragraph (b) "(c) a real estate investment trust" Amendment to 15.

Section 34(2) of the Income Tax Act is amended by section 34 of inserting the following new paragraph immediately after Cap.470.

paragraph (h) (i) winnings from betting and gaming.

Amendment of 16.

Section 35 of the Income Tax Act is amended section 35 of Cap.470.

(a) in subsection (1) (i) by deleting the words "aircraft or aircraft engines" appearing in paragraph (c) and substituting therefor the words "aircraft, aircraft engines, locomotives or rolling stock"; (ii) by inserting the words "and deemed interest" immediately after the word "interest" wherever it occurs in paragraph (e).

(iii) by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph (i) (j) winnings from betting and gaming; 153 2012 Finance No.

4 (b) in subsection (3), by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph (h) (i) winnings from betting and gaming.

17.

The Income Tax Act is amended by inserting a new Insertion of section immediately after section 41 as follows - section 41A in of Cap.470.

Agreements for 41A.

The Minister may, by notice in the exchange of Gazette, from time to time declare that information.

arrangements specified in the notice, being arrangements made with the government of any country with the view of exchanging information relating to income tax or other taxes of a similar character imposed by the laws of that country, shall, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Act or any other written law, have effect in relation to income tax, and that notice shall, subject to the provisions of this section, have effect accordingly.

18.

The Income Tax Act is amended in Part VIII, by Insertion of new inserting the following new section immediately before section 5IA in section 52- Cap.470.

Returns, records, 51A.(1) For the purposes of this Act etc.

to be in official (a) any return, record or other document languages.

required to be kept or produced shall be in either of the official languages; 154 No.

4 Finance 2012 (b) the unit of currency in any such return, record or other document shall be the Kenya shilling.

(2) In subsection (1)(a), the expression "official languages" shall have the meaning assigned to it in Article 7 of the Constitution.

Amendment of 19.

Section 52B of the Income Tax Act is amended by section 52B of deleting the proviso to subsection (1) and replacing it with Cap.470.

the following new proviso "Provided that an employee who is employed by or renders service to one employer shall not be required to give a return under paragraph (a) (i) if the employee had no income chargeable to tax for that year of income other than emoluments, and (ii) the tax payable in respect of those emoluments had been recovered by deduction under section 37." Amendment of 20.

Section 72C of the Income Tax Act is amended in section 72C of subsection (2), by deleting the words "five hundred thousand Cap.470.

shillings" appearing in paragraphs (a) and (b) of the proviso and substituting therefor the words "one million five hundred thousand shillings".

Amendment of 21.

Section 132 of the Income Tax Act is amended by section 132 of adding the following new subsection immediately after Cap.470.

subsection (7) - 155 No.

4 Finance 2012 (8) Without prejudice to any penalty that may be imposed under subsection (7), the Commissioner may, forthwith, register and issue a personal identification number to a person who fails to obtain such number as required by the Commissioner under subsection (2).

Amendment of 22.

The Third Schedule to the Income Tax Act is the Third amended Schedule of Cap.470.

(a) in paragraph 3 (i) by inserting the words "and deemed interest" immediately after the words "and interest" appearing in subparagraph (e) (i); (ii) by inserting the following new after immediately subparagraph subparagraph (1) (m) in respect of winnings from betting and gaming, twenty percent.

(b) in paragraph 5, by inserting the following new subparagraph immediately after subparagraph (i) 1 (j) in respect of winnings from betting and garnjr:: twenty percent: fi Provided that the tax so deducted shall be final.

156 No.

4 Finance 2012 PART V MISCELLANEOUS Amendment of 23.

Part I of the First Schedule to the National First Schedule.

Assembly (Remuneration) Act is amended in the third column under the title "Parliamentary Responsibilities Allowance" - (a) by inserting the figure "2,400,000.00" against the entries "Deputy Speaker" and "Member of the Chairman's Panel respectively; and (b) by inserting the "1,200,000.00" against the entry "Parliamentary Service Commissioner".

Amendment of 24.

Second Schedule The Second Schedule to the National Assembly of Cap.

5.

Remuneration Act is amended in item 5 by deleting the words "A severance allowance at the rate of Ksh.300,000 for every year in service" appearing in the second column and substituting therefor the words "A severance allowance at the rate of thirty-one per centum of the salary specified in the second column of the First Schedule for every year in service".

Amendment of 25.

Section 25 of the National Social Security Fund Act section 25 of Cap 258.

is amended by deleting paragraph (e).

Amendment of 26.

Section 16 of the Rating Act is amended Section 16 of Cap.267 (a) in subsection (3) by inserting the word "simple" after the words "The rating authority shall charge": and 157 Finance No.

4 2012 (b) by inserting the following new sub-section after sub-section (3) "(4) Notwithstanding sub-section (3), the interest charged shall not exceed the principal amount of the rate owing." 27.

Section 2 of the Traffic Act is amended by Amendment to inserting the following new definitions in proper alphabetical section 2 of Cap 403.

sequence- "registration certificate" means a certificate issued under section 6(5); "deregistration certificate" means a deregistration certificate issued under section 6A(2); "information technology" means any equipment or software for use in storing, retrieving, processing or disseminating information; "computerized motor vehicle registration system" means any software or hardware for use in storing, retrieving, processing or disseminating information relating to registration records of motor vehicles and trailers, the licensing of drivers, and the keeping of such records in relation thereto as are required by this Act.

28.

The Traffic Act is amended by inserting new Insertion of sections immediately after section 5 as follows- sections 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D, and 5E in Cap 403.

158 No.

4 Finance 2012 Use of SA.

(1) Subject to such conditions as the information Registrar may prescribe, registration, technology.

licensing or any formalities and procedures under this Act may be carried out by use of information technology.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Registrar may, by notice in the Gazette, specify (a) the procedures which may be carried out by use of information technology; and (b) the persons authorized to carry out such formalities using information technology.

Application to 5E41) A person who wishes to be use of.

computerized registered as a user of a computerized motor motor vehicle vehicle registration system may apply in registration system.

writing to the Registrar who may- (a) grant the application subject to such conditions as he may impose; or (b) reject the application.

(2) A person shall not access, transmit to, or receive information from, a computerized motor vehicle registration system unless that person is a registered user of the system.

159 Finance No.

4 2012 5C.

The Registrar may, at any time, cancel Cancellation of registration of the registration of a registered user of a registered user.

computerized motor vehicle registration system if satisfied that the user has (a) failed to comply with a condition of registration imposed by the Registrar under section 3; (b) failed to comply with, or has acted in contravention of, any condition under the rules; or (c) been convicted of an offence under this Act relating to improper access to, or interference with a motor vehicle computerized' system.

Kperson commits an offence if Unauthorized 5D.

(1) access to the person - computerized Motor vehicle registration (a) knowingly and without lawful system.

authority, by any means gains access to or attempts to gain access to any vehicle motor computerized registration system; or (b) having lawful access to any vehicle motor computerized registration system, knowingly uses or discloses information obtained from such system for a purpose that is not authorized; or 160 No.

4 Finance 2012 (c) knowing that he is not authorized to do so, receives information obtained from any computerized motor vehicle registration system and or publishes, discloses, uses, such disseminates otherwise information.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction- (a) in the case of an individual, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or to a fine- not exceeding four hundred thousand shillings, or to both; or (b) in the case of a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding one million shillings.

Interference with 5E A person commits an offence if the computerized person knowingly- motor vehicle registration system.

(a) falsifies any record or information stored in any computerized motor vehicle registration system; (b) damages or impairs any computerized motor vehicle registration system; or 161 2012 Finance No.

4 (c) damages or impairs any duplicate tape or disc or other medium on which any information obtained from a computerized motor vehicle registration system is held or stored, otherwise than with the permission of the Registrar, and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding eight hundred thousand shillings, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both.

29.

The Traffic Act is amended by inserting the Insertion of following new section immediately after section 6- section 6A in Cap 403.

Relocation of 6A.

(1) Where the owner of a motor vehicle motor vehicles.

intends to move the motor vehicle permanently to a place outside Kenya, the owner shall forthwith, return the identification plates and registration certificate issued under this Act in respect of the motor vehicle to the Registrar fof cancellation.

(2) The Registrar shall, after cancelling the registration certificate returned under subsection- (1), issue a deregistration certificate to the registered owner in such form as may be prescribed.

30.

Section 9 of the Traffic Act is amended - Amendment of section 9 of Cap 403.

162 No.

4 Finance 2012 (a) by inserting a new subsection immediately after subsection (1) as follows- (2) Upon the transfer of ownership of a motor vehicle or trailer, the registered owner thereof shall, within seven days from the date of the transfer, inform the Registrar in the prescribed form of the name, postal and email addresses and telephone number of the new owner and shall deliver the registration certificate in respect of such vehicle to the new owner, who shall forward the registration certificate together with the prescribed fee to the Registrar, whereupon the vehicle shall be registered in the name of the new owner: Provided that, where in any case the registered owner of a motor vehicle fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection, the Registrar may, on being satisfied that the registered owner has died, left Kenya, cannot be traced, or has refused to comply with the provisions of this subsection, cause the vehicle to be registered in the name of the new owner on payment of the prescribed fee.

(b) in subsection (3), by deleting the expression "subsection (I)" and substituting therefor the expression " subsections (1) and (2)"; (c) in subsection (5), by inserting the expression "(2)" immediately after the expression "subsection (1)".

163 Finance No.

4 2012 The Stamp Duty Act is amended by adding the Amendment of 31.

section 5 of following proviso at the end of section 5 Cap.480.

"Provided that the Government shall not charge stamp duty twice where a person moves a mortgage from one bank to another." Section 2 of the Capital Markets Act is amended by Amendment of 32.

section 2 of inserting the following new definition in proper alphabetical Cap.485A sequence "real estate investment trust" mean an arrangement in respect of real estate or interest in real estate of any description, structured in accordance with the rules prescribed by the Authority to enable a person taking part in the arrangement, whether by becoming an owner of the property or any part of it or otherwise, to participate in or receive profits or income arising from the acquisition, holding, management or disposal of the real estate or interest in the real estate or sums paid out of such profits of income.

it The Insurance Act is amended by inserting the Insertion of 33.

section 30A in following new section immediately after section 30 Cap.487.

Opening of a 30A.(1) An insurer registered under this Act branch.

wishing to open a branch or a new place of business in Kenya, or to change the location of a branch, or an existing place of business, shall apply to the Authority for approval to do so.

164 No.

4 Finance 2012 (2)In considering an application under subsection (1), the Authority shall take into account (a) the history and financial condition of the insurer; (b) the adequacy of the capital base and the structure of the insurer; (c) the viability and earning prospects of the branch; and (d) such other matter as may have a bearing on the insurer or the proposed branch.

(3) There shall be payable, in respect of every application under subsection (1), a fee of twenty thousand shillings.

(4) For the purposes of this section "branch" means any permanent premises, other than its head office, at which an insurer transacts business in Kenya.

Insertion of 34.The Insurance Act is amended by inserting a new section 67G in section immediately after section 67F as follows Cap.487.

165 2012 Finance No.

4 Power to 67G.

(1) The Authority may, for the protect the purpose of protecting the interests of the policy assets of an holders, assume control of the whole or part of insurer.

the insurer's assets, and shall register any instrument under the relevant law or take any other appropriate action it may deem necessary.

(2) The Authority shall hold the directors of the insurer to be jointly and severally liable for the recovery of the assets under subsection (1), where it establishes that the assets of the insurer have been misappropriated.

Section 113 of the Insurance Act is amended in Amendment of 35.

section 113 of subsection (1) by deleting the words "Minister, through the Cap.487.

Commissioner" appearing in paragraph (b) and substituting therefor the word "Authority".

36.

Section 114 of the Insurance Act is amended by Amendment of section 114 of deleting the word "Minister" wherever it occurs and Cap.487.

substituting therefor the word "Authority".

Section 115 of the Insurance Act is amended by Amendment of 37.

section 115 of Cap.487.

deleting the word "Minister" wherever it occurs and ii substituting therefor the word "Authority".

38.

Section 116 of the Insurance Act is amended by Amendment of section 116 of deleting the word "Minister" appearing at the beginning of Cap.487.

the section and substituting therefor the word "Authority" 39.

Section 117 of the Insurance Act is amended by Amendment of section 117 of deleting the word "Minister" wherever it occurs and Cap.487.

substituting therefor the word "Authority".

166 No.

4 Finance 2012 Amendment of 40.

Section 118 of the Insurance Act is amended by section 118 of deleting the word "Minister" wherever it occurs and Cap.487.

substituting therefor the word "Authority".

Amendment of 41.

Section 8A of the Banking Act is amended by section 8A of inserting the following new subsection immediately after Cap.

488.

subsection (4) (5).

Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the Central Bank may, subject to such conditions or limitations as it may prescribe, permit an institution to provide such services as it may, in any particular case, specify, to its customers who are outside the country through banking institutions located outside Kenya.

Amendment to 42.

Section 13 of the Banking Act is amended in section 13 of subsection (3) by inserting a comma and the words "other Cap.

488.

body corporate" immediately after the word "company" wherever it appears.

Amendment to 43.

Section 31 of the Banking Act is amended- section 31 of Cap.

488.

(a) in subsection (3) (i) by deleting the words "and institutions licensed under this Act" appearing in paragraph (b) and substituting therefor the words "institutions licensed under this Act and institutions licensed under the No.

19 of 2006.

Microfinance Act, 2006"; 167 Finance No.

4 2012 by deleting the words "institutions (ii) licensed under this Act" appearing in paragraph (c) and substituting therefor the words "institutions licensed under this Act and intuitions licensed under the Microfinance Act, 2006"; (b) in subsection (4), by inserting the words "and institutions licensed under 2006" Act, Microfinance the immediately before the words "and disseminating".

(c) in subsection (5), by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph (b) (c) a deposit-taking microfinance institution licensed under the Microfinance Act, 2006.

Amendment of 44.

Section 33 of the Banking Act is amended in section 33 of subsection (4) by deleting the word "Part" and substituting Cap.

488.

therefor the word "Act".

168 No.

4 Finance Amendment of 2012 section 11 of 45.

Section 11 of the Central Bank of Kenya Act is Cap.491.

amended (a) in subsection (1), by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) and substituting therefor the following new paragraphs (i) a Chairperson; (ii) a Governor; (b) by deleting subsection (2) and substituting therefor the following new subsection (2) The directors appointed under paragraph (d) of subsection (1) shall be appointed by the President with the approval of Parliament and shall hold office for a period of four years but shall be eligible for re-appointment for one further term of four years.

(c) in subsection (5), by deleting the words "Governor, Deputy Governor" and substituting therefor the words "Chairperson, Governor"; (d) in subsection (6) by deleting the words "Governor, the Deputy Governor" and substituting therefor the words "Chairperson, the Governor".

169 No.

4 Finance 2012 46.

Section 12 of the Central Bank of Kenya Act is Arnendment of section 12 of Cap.49I amended (a) in subsection (1), by deleting the words "Governor, as Chairman of the Bank" and substituting therefor the word "Chairperson"; (b) by inserting the following new subsections after subsection (1) - (1A) The Chairperson shall preside at all meetings of the Board.

(1B) In the absence of the Chairperson at a meeting, the members present shall elect one of the members appointed under paragraph (d) of section 11(1) to preside at that meeting of the Board.

(c) in subsection (2), by deleting the words "Governor or the Deputy Governor" and substituting therefor the words "Chairperson, the Governor".

(d) in subsection (3), by deleting the words "Chairman or the Deputy Chairman" and substituting therefor the words "Chairperson or the person".

47.

Section 13 of the Central Bank of Kenya Act is Amendment of section 13 of amended by inserting the following new subsections Cap.491.

immediately before subsection (1) 170 No.

4 Finance 2012 (1) There shall be a Governor who shall be appointed by the President through a transparent and competitive process and with the approval of Parliament.

(2) The Governor shall hold office for a term of four years, but shall be eligible for re- appointment for one further term of four years.

Repeal and 48.

The Central Bank of Kenya Act is by repealing replacement of section 13B and replacing it with the following new section section I 3B or Cap.491.

Deputy 13B.(1) There shall be two Deputy Governors Governors.

who shall be appointed by the President through a transparent and competitive process and with the approval of Parliament.

(2) The Deputy Governors shall hold office for a term of four years, but shall be eligible for re-appointment for one further term of four years.

(3) The Deputy Governors shall perform such functions as the Governor may from time to time assign to them.

171 No.

4 Finance 2012 (4) The Board shall appoint one of the Deputy Governors to act in the office of Governor whenever (a) the position of Governor falls vacant in the period before a substantive appointment is made; or (b) the Governor is temporarily absent from office.

(5) A Deputy Governor appointed under subsection (4) shall, during the period of appointment, exercise all the powers and perform all the functions conferred on the Governor under this Act under any other law.

49.

Section 33B of the Central Bank of Kenya Act is Amendment of amended by deleting subsection (6) and substituting therefor section 33B of Cap.

491.

the following new subsection - (6) A licence issued under this section shall, unless earlier revoked, expire on the 31st December next following the date of issue: Provided that where an application for renewal is made under section 33C, the licence shall be deemed to continue in force until the application for renewal is determined.

50.

The Central Bank of Kenya Act is amended by Insertion of inserting a new section immediately after section 36 as section 36A in Cap.491.

follows 1 72 No.

4 Finance 2012 Publication and 36A.

(1) The Central Bank shall publish in sharing of the Gazette, the Central Bank website and information.

two daily newspapers of national circulation the following information (a) the weighted average lending and deposit rates for all banks and financial institutions; (b) the interest rate spread and its composition; (c) a simplified version of the balance sheets and income statements.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a bank shall disclose any positive or negative information of its customers to the licensed credit reference bureaus, where such information is reasonably required for the discharge of the functions of the banks and the licensed credit reference bureaus.

Insertion of 51.

The Central Bank of Kenya Act is amended by section 36B of Cap.49I.

inserting a new section immediately after section 36A as follows Reports to 36B.

The Central Bank shall, on a quarterly Parliament.

basis, make and present to Parliament a report on the key economic and banking sector aggregate.

173 No.

4 Finance 2012 52.

Section 27 of the Kenya Information and Amendment of Communications Act, 1998 is amended in subsection (2) by section 27 of Act inserting the following paragraph immediately after No.2 of 1998 paragraph (g) to subscribers registration of the (h) telecommunication services.

53.

Section 2 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended Amendment of by inserting the following definition in proper alphabetical section 2 of Act No.

19 of 2006 sequence "control", in relation to a company or other body corporate, includes- (a) to influence, whether directly or indirectly, the composition of at least half of the board of directors of the company or other body corporate; (b) to hold, directly or indirectly, whether personally or through a holding company or companies or subsidiaries thereof, or in any other way, an aggregate of fifty per centum or more of the voting power of the company or body corporate, whether alone or with associates or with other associates of the company or other body corporate; or 174 No.

4 Finance 2012 (c) the ability, in the opinion of the Central Bank, to exercise a dominant influence over the management or policies of the company or other body corporate on the basis of an agreement or by any other means, regardless of the amount of formal ownership or voting rights.

Amendment of 54.

Section 17 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended section 17 of Act No.

19 of 2006.

in subsection (1) by inserting the words "or his associates" immediately after the words "single borrower".

Amendment of 55.

Section 18 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended section 18 of Act No 19 of 2006.

by deleting subsection (1) and substituting therefor the following new subsection (1) No institution shall grant a loan or credit facility to its associate, or to an officer or member of staff of the institution, or their associates, in excess of such limits as the Central Bank may, by regulations, prescribe.

Amendment of 56.

Section 19 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is section 19 of Act amended- No.

19 of 2006.

(a) by deleting subsection (1) and substituting therefor the following new subsection - (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), no person shall hold, directly or indirectly, or otherwise have a beneficial interest in, more than twenty-five percent of the shares of an institution.

175 No.

4 2012 Finance (b) by renumbering subsection (5) as subsection (6) and inserting the following new subsection- (5) Where any share is held by a company or other corporate body, or by a nominee on behalf of another person, the company or other corporate body, or the nominee, as the case may be, shall disclose to the Central Bank the full particulars of the individual person who is the ultimate beneficial owner of the shares.

57.

Section 21 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended Amendment of by inserting the following new paragraphs immediately after section 21 of Act paragraph (d) - No.

19 of 2006.

(e) was a director or senior officer of an institution that has been liquidated or is under liquidation or statutory management under any written law dealing with banking, insurance, investment or other financial services: Provided that such a director or senior officer shall not be disqualified unless the Central Bank forms a reasonaole opinion that such a director or senior officer may have, directly or indirectly through commission or omission, contributed to the collapse of the financial entity; 176 No.

4 Finance 2012 (0 has contravened the provisions of any law designed for the protection of members of the public against financial loss due to the dishonesty or incompetence of, or malpractices by, persons engaged in the provision of banking, insurance, investment or other financial services; (g) has taken part in any business practices that, in the opinion of the Central Bank, ' were fraudulent, prejudicial or otherwise improper or which otherwise discredited his methods of conducting business; or (h) has taken part in or been associated with such other business practices as would, or has otherwise conducted himself in such manner as to cast doubt on his competence and soundness of judgment.

Insertion of a 58.

The Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended by inserting new section 22A the following section immediately after section 22- in Act No.

19 of 2006.

Assessment of 22A.

(I) Notwithstanding any other officers.

provision of this Act, the Central Bank may, from time to time, where it deems it necessary to do so, carry out an assessment of the professional and moral suitability of a person managing or controlling an institution.

I 77 No.

4 2012 Finance (2) An assessment under this section shall be in accordance with such criteria as may be prescribed.

(3) Where, upon an assessment under this section, the Central Bank is satisfied as to the professional and moral suitability of the person managing or controlling an institution, it shall so certify in writing to the institution.

(4) A person who, upon an assessment under this section, is not certified by the Central Bank as fit and proper to manage or control an institution, shall be deemed to be disqualified from holding office and shall cease to hold office.

59.

Section 34 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is Amendment of amended- section 34 of Act No.

19 of 2006.

(a) in subsection (3A), by inserting the words "and institutions licensed under the Cap 488 Banking Act" immediately after the words "licensed under this Act"; fi 178 2012 Finance No.

4 (b) in subsection (4) (i) by deleting the word "and" appearing immediately after the words "Central Bank"; and (ii) by inserting the word "and institutions licensed under the Cap 488 Banking Act" immediately after the words "licensed under this Act"; (c) in subsection (5) by deleting all the words appearing immediately after the words "clients of institutions" and substituting therefor the following- "licensed under this Act and Cap 488 institutions licensed under the Banking Act, and disseminating the information among such institutions for use in the ordinary course of business, subject to such conditions or limitations as may be prescribed".

Amendment of 60.

Section 45 of the Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended section 45 of Act by- No.

19 of 2006.

(a) inserting the following new subsection immediately after subsection (1) - 179 No.

4 Finance 2012 (2) Where a company registered under the Companies Act as a deposit-taking micro finance institution fails to acquire a licence to operate under this Act within a period of one year from the date of such registration, the company shall forthwith cease the use of the words "deposit taking microfinance" or the acronym "DTM" in its name.

(b) by renumbering the existing subsection (2) as subsection (3).

61.The Microfinance Act, 2006 is amended by inserting Insertion of the following section immediately after section 51- section 51 in the Act No.

19 of 2006.

False 52.

(1) Any entity, institution or other person advertising.

who issues any advertisement, brochure, circular or other document inviting any person to make a deposit which - (a) falsely represents that the entity, institution or person is authorized to accept deposits or is otherwise licensed under the provisions of this Act; or (b) is issued contrary to any direction given by the Central Bank under the provisions of subsection (2), commits an offence.

ry 180 No.

4 Finance 2012 (2) The Central Bank may, at any time, direct an institution to withdraw, amend or refrain from issuing any document to which subsection (1) applies.

slit (S.2) FIRST SCHEDULE Amendment of the Fifth Schedule to the Customs and Excise Act, Cap.472 FIFTH SCHEDULE PART I1.

Delete the following tariff numbers, descriptions and rates of excise duty thereof Tariff No.

Goods Description.

Rate of Duty.

2203.00.10 Stout and porter Sh.65 per litre 2203.00.90 Other beer made from malt Sh.65 per litre 2206.00.10 Cider Sh.55 per litre 2206.00.20 Opaque beer Sh.55 per litre 2206.00.90 Other fermented beverages Sh.55 per litre 2204.10.00 Sparking wine of fresh grapes including fortified wines Sh.70 per litre or 35% 2204.21.00 Other wine grape must with fermentation prevented or Sh.70 per litre or 35% arrested by the addition of alcohol in containers holding 2 litres or less C Tariff No.

Goods Description.

Rate of Duty.

2204.29.00 Other wine grape must with fermentation prevented or Sh.70 per litre or 35% arrested by the addition of alcohol in containers holding more than 2 litres 2204.30.00 Other grape must Sh.70 per litre or 35% 2205.10.00 Vermouth and other wine of fresh grapes flavoured with Sh.70 per litre or 35% 2205.90.00 plants or aromatic substances in containers of 2 litres or less Vermouth and other wine of fresh grapes flavoured with Sh.70 per litre or 35% plants or aromatic substances in containers of more than 2 litres.

2710.19.22 Illunhinating Kerosene (IK) Per 1000 litre @ 20C Sh.5,044.00 00 2.

Insert the following tariff numbers, descriptions and rates of excise duty thereof - Tariff No.

Goods Description.

Rate of Duty.

2203.00.10 Stout and porter Sh.70 per litre or 40% of RSP 2203.00.90 Other beer made from malt Sh.70 per litre or 40% of RSP 2206.00.10 Cider Sh.70 per litre or 40% of RSP 2206.00.20 Opaque beer Sh.70 per litre or 40% of RSP 2206.00.90 Other fermented beverages Sh.70 per litre or 40% of RSP Oo-/ O Tariff No.

Goods Description.

Rate of Duty.

2204.10.00 Sparking wine of fresh grapes Sh.80 per litre or 40% of RSP including fortified wines, grape must Sh.80 per litre or 40% of RSP 2204.21.00 Other wine in containers holding 2 litres or less 2204.29.00 Other wine in containers Sh.80 per litre or 40% of RSP holding more than 2 litres Sh.80 per litre or 40% of RSP 2204.30.00 Other grape must 2205.10.00 Vermouth and other wine of Sh.80 per litre or 40% of RSP fresh grapes flavoured with A plants or aromatic substances 00 in containers of 2 litres or less Sh.80 per litre or 40% of RSP 2205.90.00 Vermouth and other wines of such fresh grapes flavoured with plants or aromatic substances, in containers of more than 2 litres (RSP means Retail Selling Price) PART II Delete the existing Part II and substitute therefor the following new Part II r-> 00 Excise duty in respect of cigarettes shall be as shown hereunder Rate of Excise Duty Description Sh.1200 per mille or 35% of retail selling price.

Cigarettes PART III Insert the following new item (6) immediately after item (5) Excise duty on pre-mixed alcoholic beverages of tariff No 2208.90.90 (e.g.

Ready to Drink) of 6.

strength not exceeding 10 percent by volume of alcohol sh ill be Shs.70 per litre or 40% of the O tJ retail selling price.

(s.8) O SECOND SCHEDULE is Amendment of the Eighth Schedule to the Value Added Tax Act Cap 476 EIGHTH SCHEDULE Insert the following new clause 29 in Part A of the highth Schedule 29.

"All goods, including materials, supplies, equipment and machinery procured or sourced by the Rural Electrification Authority for the implementation of the Rural Electrification Programme".

.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way