M-Wakili

Finance Act No 38of 2013 - as Plain Text by MWakili

SPECIAL ISSUE Kenya Gazette Supplement No.

143 (Acts No.38) REPUBLIC OF KENYA KENYA GAZETTE SUPPLEM ENT ACTS, 201 3 NAIROBI, 25th October, 2013 Act- PAGE The Finance Act,20l3 .1051 PRINTED AND PUBUSHED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRTNTER' NAIROBI 105 I 2013 Finance No.

38 THE FINANCE ACT,2013 No.38 of2103 Date of Assent: 24th October, 2013 Date of Commencement: See Section l AN ACT of Parliament to amend the law relating to various taxes and duties and for matters incidental thereto ENACTED by the Parliament of Kenya, as follows- Shorttitleand.

PART I_PRELIMINARY commencement 1.

This Act may be cited as the Finance Act,2013, and shall come into operation, or be deemed to have come into operation, as follows- (a) sections 2,3, 5and 7 on the 18th June, 2013; (b) section 6 on the lst July, 2013; (c) section 8 on the lst February,2Ol3; (d) all other sections on the I st January ,2014.

PART II-CUSTOMS AND EXCISE Amendmentor 2.

Section 2 of the Customs and Excise Act is amended section 2 of Cao.472.

.

-'--' ' - by inserting the following new definition in its proper alphabetical sequence- "Minister" means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to finance.

Amendmentor 3.

Section 9l of the Customs and Excise Act is section 9[ of amended in subsection (l) by deleting the words "without ;;;;.;;;'"' assigning any reason" and adding the words "and shall furnish the applicant with the reasons for such refusal" at the end of the subsection.

Amendmentor 4.

Section 91A of the Customs and Excise Act is section 9lA of amended in subsection (lA) by inSerting the words "or ;;;";r;"'"' wooden or metallic containers" immediately after the word "bottles".

1052 Finance 2013 i No.38 Amendmentof 5.

Section 92 of the Customs and Excise Act is I section 92 of amended in subsection (l) by deleting the words "without U;.;;.'- assigning any reason" and adding the words "and shall 1 furnish the applicant with the reasons for such refusal" at i the end of the subsection.

Inscrtion.of new 6.

The Customs and Excise Act is amended by section I l7A in L;il;.

""" inserting the following new section immediately after section ll7- Railwav lL7A.

(l) There shall be paid a levy to be develspment known as the railway development levy on all goods imported into the country for home use.

(2) The levy shall be at the rate of 1.5 percent of the customs value of the goods and shall be paid by the importer of such goods at the time of entering the goods for home use.

(3) The purpose of the levy shall be to provide funds for construction of a standard gauge railway network in order to facilitate the transportation of goods.

(4) The Cabinet Secretary shall, in regulations, establish a railway development levy fund with which all the proceeds of the levy shall be paid.

(5) The fund referred to in subsection (4) shall be established, managed, administered or wound up in accordance with section 24 of the Public Financial Management Act, 2012 and the regulations made under that Act.

Amcndmentto 7.

The Fifth Schedule to the Customs and Excise Act Part III of thc is amended in Part III- ;#ffi;;;i.

rn.C-ap.472.

(a) by deleting the words "financial .service providers" appearing in item 7 and substituting therefor the words "financial institutions"; 1053 Finance 2013 No.38 (b) by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph 8- 9.

For the purposes of items 7 and 8- "financi4l institutions" means - (a) a person licensed under- CaP 2188.

(i) the Banking Act; C-ap 487.

(ii) the Insurance Act; Cap 491.

(iii) the Central Bank of Kenya Act, or (iv) the Micro Finance Act;2006; (b) a Sacco society registered under No.l412008 the Sacco Societies Act, 2008; or (c) the Kenya Post Office Savings Bank established under the Kenya Cap.4938 Post Office Savings Bank Act.

"other fees" includes any fees, charges or commissions charged by financial institutions, but does not include interest.

1054 No.3E Finance 2013 Amcndincntof E.

Section 137 of the Customs and Excise Act is ;cjoa trzorcrn' amended by - (a) deleting the proviso to subsection (l); (b) inserting the following new subsections immediately after subsection (2)- "(3) The duty on money transfer services shall be charged at the rate in force when the service is provided and shall be collected and paid by the cellular phone service providers, banks, money transfer agencies and other financial institutions.

(4) The duty on other fees charged by financial institutions shall be charged at the rate in force when the fee is being charged and shall be collected and paid by the financial institutions.

(5) The Commissioner may permit the payment of tax under subsections (l), (2), (3) and (4) to be deferred to a date not later than the twentieth day of the month following that on which then it becomes due"; (c) renumbering subsection (3) as subsection (6).

PART III-INCOME TAX Arncndnrcat to 9.

Section 2 of the Income Tax Act is amended in scctior 2 of cep a70' subsection ( I ) - (a) by inserting the words "or an agreement for the exchange of tax information under section 4lA" at the end of the definition of "specified arrangement"; (b) bV inserting the following new definitions in proper alphabetical sequence- I 055 Finance No.

38 20t3 "Minister" means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to finance; "oil company" means a petroleum company within the meaning of the Ninth Schedule; ('ap.

r3r.

"winnings" has the meaning assigned to it in the Betting, Lotteries and Gaming Act.

10.

Section 5 of the Income Tax Act is amended in Amcndmcnt to subsection (2) by deleting paragraph (f) and substituting scction5orcap4p' therefor the following new paragraph - (0 an amount paid by an employer as a premium for an insurance on the life of his employee and for the benefit of that employee or any of his dependants: Provided that this paragraph shall not apply where such an amount is paid - (i) to a registered or unregistered pension scheme, pension fund, or individual retirement fund; or (ii) for group life policy cover, unless such a cover confers a benefit to the employee or any of his dependants.

11.

Section l0 of the Income Tax Act is amended by Amendmcnt to inserting the following new paragraph immediately after section l0 ofCap paragraph (0 - 470.

"(g) winnings from betting and gaming".

12.

Section l9A of the Income Tax Act is amended in Amcndment to subsection (l) by deleting the expression "section 86" section l9A ofCap appearing and substituting therefor with the expression {ro.

"section 92".

1056 No.38 Finance 2013 Amcndmcnt to 13.

Section 25 of the Income Tax Act is amended- scction 25 of Cap 410.

(a) in subsection (l) by deleting the word "nineteen" appearing in paragraph (iD of the proviso and substituting therefor the word "eighteen"; (b) in subsection (7) by deleting the word "ninsteen" appearing in paragraph (a) and substituting therefor the word "eighteen".

Amcndmcnt to 14.

Section 34 of the Income Tax Ac.t is arnended in scction 34 of Cap subsection (2) by inserting the following new paragraph 470.

immediately after paragraph (h) - "(i) winnings from betting and gaming".

Amcndmcnt to 15.

Section 35 of the Income Tax Act is amended - scction 35 of Cap 470.

(a) in subsection (l), by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph (i) - "O winnings from betting and gaming".

(b) in subsection (3), by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph (h) - "(i) winnings from betting and gaming".

Amcndmcntlo 16.

Section 84 of the Income Ta< Act is amended by scction&{orcae deleting subsection (3) and substituting therefor th" following new subsections- I 057 2013 Finance No.3t (3) A person aggrieved by the refusal of the Commissioner to admit a notice of objection under subsection (2) may, on paying to the Commissioner that part of the amount of tax assessed that is not in dispute and thirty percent of the tax in dispute, and on paying any interest due under section 94, appeal against the refusal to a local committee whose decision shall be final.

(3A) An appeal under subsection (3) shall be determined within six months from the date the appeal is lodged.

(3B) If an appeal under subsection (3) is determined in favour of a taxpayer, the thirty percent of the ta:< in dispute paid under subsection (3) shall be refunded to the taxpayer within ninety clays from the date of determination of the appcal.

17, Section I l4 of the Income Tax Act is amended- Amcndmcnt of scction I 14ofCep (a) by deleting subsection (l) and substituting 470.

therefor the following nEw subsection- (l) The Commissioner may, where he is satisfied that a person has committed an offence under this Act, other than an ofibnce under section 126 of this Act, in respect of which a penalty of a fine is provided, or in respect of which anything is liable to forfeiture, compound the offence and may order that person to pay such sum of money, not exceeding the amount of the fine to which he would have been l^able if he had been prosecuted and convicted of the offence, as he may deem fit; Provided that the Commissioner shall not exercise his powers under this section unless the person admits in writing that he has committed the offence and requests the Commissioner to deal with the offence under this section (b) bV inserting the following new subsectioh immediately after subsection (2) - I 058 No.38 Finance 2013 (2A) For the purposes of subsection (l), the Commissioner shall constitute a committee of not less than three officers to consider applications for the compounding of offences.

Amendmcnt of lE.

Section 116 of the Income Tax Act is amended by scction I 16 ofCap renumbering the existing section as subsection (l) and 470.

inserting the following new subsection - (2) A person convicted of an offence under subsection (l) may be ordered by the court to make payment to the Commissioner of the whole or such part as remains unpaid of the tax assessed by the Commissioner either in addition to, or in substitution of, any other penalty.

Amcndmcntof 19.

Section ll9 of the Income Tax Act is amended ;;T:'"'reofcap by- (a) deleting the operational part and substituting therefor the following- "(l) For the purpose of inquiring into the affairs of a person under this Act, the Commissioner or an authorized offrcer may, with warrant exercise all or any of the following powers, where the person has or is reasonably suspected of committing an offence under this Act-"; (b) inserting the following new section immediately after subsection (l)- "(lA) Notwithstanding subsection (l), the Commissioner or an authorized officer may, prior to obtaining a warrant, secure the premises for a morimum period of four days for purposes of ascertaining whether this Act is being complied with".

Anrcndmcnt of 20.

Section 124 of the Income Tax Act is amended by section | ?4 of Cap deleting the expression "sections ll4 and 123" and 470.

substituting therefor the expression "section 123".

1059 Finance No.38 2013 21.

Section 125 of the Income Tax Act,is amended in Amcndmcntor subsection (4) by inserting the words "or for the exchangs sectionl25ofcep of information rblating to-income tax or t.axes of a similar 470' eharacter", immediately after the words'lax in Kenya".

22' The First schedule to the Income Tax Act is' Amcndmcnttothc amended in paragraph26by deleting subparagraph (a).

HlHlr', 23.

Head B of the Third Schedule to the Income Tax Amcndmcntrothc Act is amended - I1ffi.0,* " (a) in paragraph 3 by inserting the following new subparagraph immediately after subparagraph (lF (m) in respect of winnings from betting and gami ng, twenty percnt; (b) in paragraph 5- (i), by inserting the following new subparagraph immediately after subparagraph (i) * () in respect of winnings from betting and gaming, twenty peroent: Provided that the tax so deducJed shall be final.

(ii) by inserting the words "excepl in the case of oil companies, in respect qf assignment of rights", at the end of the proriso to parag4plr (k).

PART IV-MISCELIANEQUS 24.

The Retiremenl Benefits Act is amended by Iprortionofrncw inserting a new section immediately after rection 54 as Tulia$enssBi followi caP' le?' 1060 Finance 2013 No.3E Assistancc in 5A.

(l) The Authority may, where it receives a invcstigation.

request from a regulatory body, whether established within or outside Kenya, for assistance in investigating a person specified by the regulatory body who has contravened or is contravening any legal or regulatory requirements which - (a) are enforced or administered by that regulatory body, or O) relate to fransactions regulated by that regulatory body, and where it is of the opinion that the request meets the requirements of subsection (3), provide the assistance requested by exercising any of its powers under this Act or by providing such other assistance as the Authority may consider necessary.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the provisions of this Act shall, with such modifications as may be necessary, apply and have effect as if the contravention of the legal or regulatory requirement referred to in subsection (l) were an offence under this Act.

(3) A regulatory body which requests for assistance under subsection (l) shall demonstrate that - (a) it is desirable or expedient that the assistance requested should be provided in the interest of the public; or (b) the assistance shall assist ths regulatory body in the discharge and performance of its functions.

(4) The Authority shall, in determining whether the a requirements of subsection (3) have been satisfied in any particular case, take into account whether the regulatory body shall- l06l Finance No.3t 2013 (a) pay the Authority any of the costs and expenses incurred in providing the assistance; and (b) be able and willing to provide reciprocal assistance within its jurisdiction in response to a similar request for assistance from Kenya.

(5) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the powers of the Authority to cc.

operate or co-ordinate with any other regulatory body in the exercise of its powers under this Act, in so far as any such co-operation or co- ordination is not contrary to the objectives of this Act 58.

(1) Where the Author:ty has Authority may reasonable cause to believe, either on its own invcrtijrtc.

motion or as a result of a complaint received from any person, that- (a) an offence has been committed under this Act; or (b) a manager, custodian, trustee or an administrator may have engaged in embezzlement, fraud, misfeasance or other misconduct in connection with its regulated activity; or (c) the manner in which a manager, custodian, trustee or an administrator has engaled or is engaging in the regulated activity is not in the interest of the person's clients or in the public interest, the Authority shall in writing depute a suitably qualified person to conduct investigations into the matter on behalf of the Authority.

t062 Finance 2013 No.38 (2) An investigator appointed under subsection (l) shall require any person whom the investigator reasonably believes or suspects to be in possession or in control of any record or document which contains, or which is likely to contain, information relevant to an investigation under this section- (a) to produce to the investigator, within such time and at such place as the investigator may require in writing, any record or document specified by the investigator which is, or may be, relevant to the investigation, and which is in the possession or under (b) the control of that person; to give an explanation or further particulars in respect of any record or document produced under paragraph (a); (c) ro attend before the investigator at the time and place specified in writing by the investigator, and to me best of his ability under oath or affirmation answer any question relating to the matters under investigation as the investigator may (d) put to him, and to assist the investigator with the investigation to the best of the person's ability.

(3) A person who contravenes the provisions of subsection (2) commits an offence.

Inscrlion of scction 25.

The Retirement Benefits Act is amended by 22AinC-ao.

197.

' lnsertrng a new section immediately after section 22 as follows-- I 063 Finance No.38 2013 224 (l) The Authority shall, in determining Critcria for whether a person is suitable to act as a trustee, suitebility.

manager, custodian or an administrator under this Act, consider the - (a) financial status or solvency of the person; (b) educational or other qualifications or experience of the person, having regard to the nature of the functions which, if the application is granted, the person shall perform; (c) status of any other licence or approval granted to the person by any financial sector regulator; (d) ability of the person to carry on the regulated acti vi ty competently, honestly and fairly; and (e) reputation, character, financial integrity and reliability - (i) in the case of a natural person, of that individual; or (ii) in the case of a company, of the company, its chairperson, directors, chief executive, management and all other personnel including all duly appointed ageirts, and any substantial shareholder of the company, if the chairperson, director, chief executive, management or the personnel are shareholders of the company.

1064 Finance 2013 No.3t (2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (l), the Authority may, in considering whether a person is fit and proPer- (a) take into account whether the person- (i) .has contravened the provision of any law, in Kenya or elsewhere, designed for the protection of members of the public against financial loss due to dishonesty, incompetence, or malpractice by persons engaged in transacting with marketable ecurities; (ii) was a director of a licensed person who has been liquidated or is under liquidation or statutory management; (iii) has taken part in any business practice which, in the opinion of the Authority, was fraudulent prejudicial to the market or public interest, or was otherwise improper, which would otherwise discredit the person's methods of conducting business; or (iv) has taken part or has been associated with any business practice which casts doubt on the competence or soundness of judgment of that person; or (v) has acted in such a manner as to cast doubt on the person's competence and soundness of judgment; 1065 Finance 2013 No.3t (b) take into account any information in the possession of the Authority, whether provided by the applicant or not, relating te (i) any person who is to be employed by, associated with, or who shall be acting for or on behalf of, the applicant for the purposes of a regulated activity, including an agent; (ii) where the applicant is a company in a group of companies- (A) any other company in the same group of companies; or (B) any substantial shareholder or key personnel of the company or any company referred to in subparagraph (a); (c) take into account whether the applicant has established effective internal control procedures and risk management systems to ensurc its compliancc with all applicable regulatory requirements; and (d) have regard to the state of affairs of any other business which the person carries on or purports to cary on.

(3) The Authority shall give a person an opportunity to be heard before determining whether a person is fit and proper for the purposes of this Act.

r066 Finance 20f3 No.3t (4) For the purposes of this section, "group of companies" means any two or more companies one of which is the holding company of the others.

Aracndmcnt 26.

Section 59 of the Retirement Benefits Act is to section 59 amended in the proviso by inserting the words "payment of ofCap.l97.

retirement benefits" immediately after the words "in respect of'.

Amendment 27.

Section 2 of the Banking Act is amended in to soction 2 subsection 1l) - of Cap.488.

(a) by inserting the words "or sub-contracted by such entity" immediately after the words "approved by the Central Bank" appearing in the definition of the word "agency"; (b) by deleting the words "in Kenya" appearing in the definition of the expression "place of business"; (c) by inserting the words "or outside" immediately before the word "Kenya" appearing in the definition of the words *total deposit liabilities".

Amendnst 28.

Section 31 of the Banking Act is amended by Section 3l of cap' deleting subsection (5) and substituting therefor the 488' following new subsection- (5) No duty to which the Central Bank, Kenya Deposit Insurance Corporation, a credit reference bureau, an institution licensed under this Act, or the Microfinance Act or their respective officers may be subject, shall be breached by reason of the disclosure, in good faith, of any information under subsection (2), to or by, as the case may be - 1067 2013 Finance No.3t (a) the Central Bank; (b) the Kenya Deposit Insurance Corporation; (c) an institution licensed under this Act or the Microfinance Act; (d) a credit reference bureau established under subsection (4); (e) any person carrying out an inspection under section 32; or (O any person, authority, agency or entity referred to in subsection (3Xa) or any other person or authority which may be authorized under any written law or otherwise to share information, in the course of the performance of their duties and no action shall lie against the Central tsank, the Kenya Deposit Insurance Corporation, a crdit refereirce bureau, an institution licenscd under this Act or the Microfirmnce Act,2006 or any of their respective officers on account of such disclosure.

29.

The Banking Act is amended by repealing section Rp.t and 55 and replacing it with the following new section - ref,acerncxrcccion 55 ofCap.

486.

Resutations.

55.

(1) The Central Bank may make regulations generally for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

1068 Finance 2013 No.38 (2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (l), the Central Bank may, in regulations, prescribe penalties to be paid by institutions, credit reference bureaus (or any other person) that fail or refuse to comply with any directions of the Central Bank under this Act or Prudential Guidelines, which shall not exceed five million Kenya shillings in the case of an institution or credit reference bureau, or two hundred thousand shillings in the case of a natural person, and may prescribe additional penalties not exceeding twenty thousand shillings in each case for each day or part thereof during which such failure or refusal continues.

Amendment to 30.

The Schedule to the East African Development ::ltll:t Bank Act is amended- (a) in Article 24, by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph 4 - (5) The Bank shall be accorded, in the territories of the Member States, a creditor status no less than that accorded to the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the African Development Bank and the African Development Fund.

(b) by deleting Article 25 andrenumbering - (i) Articles 43 to 50 as Articles 42 to 49 respectively; and (ii) Article 52 as Article 51.

l 069 2013 Finance No.38 (c) in the renumbered Article 4, by deleting paragraph (l) and substituting therefor the following new paragraph- (l) The Bank shall enjoy immunity from every form of legal process except in any case where it has expressly waived its immunity in writing, when it may be sued in a court of competent jurisdiction in a Member State in which the Bank has an office, and has appointed an agent for the purpose of accepting service or notice of process.

It is however understood that no waiver of immunity shall be implied or extend to any measure of execution.

(d) in the renumbered Article 45- (i) by inserting the word "nationalization or ::ff}ifi ;,;ffiT3l:ln,?lffii:.f,"ii (ii) by inserting the following new paragraph immediately after paragraph 2 - 3.

For the purpose of this Charter, the terms "property and assets of the Bank" shall include property and assets owned or held by the Bank, the Bank's premises, and deposits and funds entrusted to the Bank in the ordinary course of fulfilling its mandate.

31.

The Local Authorities Transfer Fund Act, 1998 is Repbal ofNo.

8 repealed.

of I 998.

32.

Section 31 of the Alcoholic Drinks Control Act, Amendment to 2010 is amended in subsection (2)(b) by inserting the words section 3l of o'or metallic containers" immediately after the word No.4 of20l0.

"bottles".

33.

The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2012 is amended Rcpcal and by repealing section 5 and replacing it with the following rcplaccment of new section- section5 of No.

30 of 2012.

1070 No.

38 Finance 2013 Collection or 5.

(l) A person who, directly or provision of indirectly, collects, attempts to collect, properry and services lor provides, attempts to provide or invites a commission person to provide or make available any ofterrorist property, intending, knowing acts.

funds or a service or having reasonable grounds to believe that such property, funds or service shall be used - (a) for the commission of, or facilitating the commission of a terrorist act or any other act which constitutes an offence within the scope of, and as defined in any of the treaties listed in the annex to the 1999 International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism; (b) bV a terrorist group for any purpose; (c) by any natural person, for any purpose, who - (i) commits, or attempts to commit, by any means, directly or indirectly, unlawfully and willfully, acts within the scope of paragraph (a); (ii) participates as an accomplice in acts within the scope of paragraph (a); (iii) organizes or directs others to commit acts within the scope of paragraph (a); or l07l Finance 2013 No.

38 (iv) contributes to the commission of acts within the scope of paragraph (a) by a group of persons acting with a common purpose where the contribution is made intentionally and with the aim of furthering the commission of acts within the scope of paragraph (a), or with the knowledge of the intention of the group to commit acts within the scope of paragraph (a), commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

(2) The offences under this section shall be deemed to be committed irrespective of any occurrence of a terrorist act or other act referred to in subsection(lXa) or whether the funds have actually been used to commit such act.

.

Frequently asked questions

What is M-Wakili?

M-Wakili (Wakili AI) is an advanced AI-driven legal aide proficient in interpreting Kenyan law.
This tool is useful for lawyers, law students, and the public, providing exhaustive and concise solutions to legal issues.
M-Wakili is more than an information database, it dissects and analyzes legal documents, clarifying their essence and implications to answer queries accurately. Alongside its legal expertise, M-Wakili also produces persuasive written content.
The primary aim of M-Wakili is to provide world-class legal support to people from all walks of life, while also aiding the advancement of law professionals by enhancing research efficiency.
This innovative platform promises to revolutionize the legal field, enhancing the accessibility and effectiveness of legal expertise.

Will I get immediate answers to my legal questions 24/7?

Yes the service is available 24/7 and you will get answers to your legal questions within seconds.

How does M-Wakili work?

M-Wakili is a custom trained AI model that uses algorithms and machine learning to understand and answer a user's questions. It bases its responses on the existing Kenyan laws and regulations.

Is M-Wakili accurate?

Yes, M-Wakili is designed to provide accurate and reliable responses based on Kenyan Law and is considered more accurate than almost all AI models including ChatGPT. Additionally, it is constantly being updated and improved to ensure it is aware of the occurring changes in the laws and regulations.
If you find any model that is more accurate than M-Wakili, please let us know and we might give you a free subscription or a *refund. (We reserve the right to determine the accuracy of the model and if you should be given a refund or free subscription. Our terms and conditions apply.)

Who can use M-Wakili?

Everyone can use M-Wakili. Lawyers and law students can use it as a legal research tool, and the general public can use it to get answers to their legal queries.

How can I access M-Wakili?

You can access M-Wakili through our website. Just type in your question, and M-Wakili will provide the answers.

Is M-Wakili a substitute for a human lawyer?

No it cannot and will not be, M-Wakili is designed to assist and provide legal information and is great at that. However, there are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
Fun fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They use M-Wakili to help them with legal research and analysis.

Is AI going to replace lawyers?

No. M-Wakili AI is great for helping real-life lawyers with legal work and assisting people in understanding legal problems, providing many ways how to handle them. However, AI cannot replace the human touch of a real lawyer. There are still situations where the expertise and personal touch of a real lawyer is necessary, such as in court representation and negotiations.
In fact, most of our paying users are lawyers! They are excited about the possibilities of AI in the legal industry and are leveraging it to save time and energy and focus on higher-level tasks.
AI can make the legal market more convenient for both sides by allowing real lawyers to focus on specialized services while using AI to handle certain tasks.

Is my data secure with M-Wakili?

Yes, we prioritize user data privacy and have implemented strict measures to ensure that your data is secure.

Can M-Wakili represent me in court?

Not yet, M-Wakili cannot represent you in court. It can help you understand the law and your legal situation, but you will need a human lawyer for court representation.

Do I need to pay for M-Wakili services?

Currently, we offer basic features for free while premium services require a subscription fee. Please visit our pricing page for more details.

How can M-Wakili help law students?

M-Wakili can assist law students in learning and practicing their legal research and analysis skills. It may also offer insights into current legal trends and issues, helping prepare them for their future in law.

What does "HHH" mean?

Helpful, Honest, and Harmless (HHH) are three components of building AI systems (like M-Wakili) that are aligned with people’s interests.
- Helpful: M-Wakili wants to genuinely help the user
- Honest: M-Wakili shares information it believes to be true, and avoids made-up information
- Harmless: M-Wakili will not cooperate in aiding the user in harmful activities or lead the user to harms way